The W.K. Kellogg Biological Station (KBS) is a year-round research facility of Michigan State University located in southwest Michigan, approximately 65 miles from the main campus in East Lansing. KBS includes over 3,873 acres/1,566 ha of land providing researchers with a variety of natural and managed systems in which to conduct ecological research.
Research facilities at KBS include labs and instrumentation in the main Academic Building as well as greenhouses, field labs, and a number of experimental field sites.
KBS Academic-Stack Building
The KBS Academic-Stack Building houses modern research labs, classrooms, and an MSU branch library as well as offices for faculty, postdocs, graduate students, and project staff; a biological collections room; and supporting service areas.
Service areas include dedicated spaces for microscopes, isotope counting, carbon and nitrogen analysis, and autoclaves as well as environmental chambers and labs dedicated to molecular genomics, GIS, and image analysis. Additional support areas include a computer workroom, wet and dry labs for field sample processing, and rooms for walk-in coolers and drying ovens.
KBS Computer Services is staffed by two IT professionals who manage KBS computer and video conferencing resources. Centralized resources include file and backup services for the servers and desktop computers on the KBS gigabit fiber network. Servers are backed up nightly and backup tapes are rotated to safe storage locations in other buildings. Computer services also manages various common-use computers and printers including the capability to print posters.
Common-use computers include 15 MSU Microlab computers managed remotely from the main campus, which make available for teaching and research software as SAS and Mathematica.
A 1Gb fiber optic connection provides KBS access to the Michnet backbone network. Most KBS buildings are connected by fiber optic ethernet. A few others are connected to the main network by point-to-point wireless. MSUnet wireless service is available at most buildings.
Two conference rooms at KBS are equipped with Polycom HDX videoconferencing equipment.
A number of analytical instruments are housed within the Academic-Stack Buildings. Common-area instrumentation includes floor centrifuges, autoclaves, a muffle furnace, sample drying ovens, walk-in coolers and incubators, a hydro-pneumatic root elutriator, and several controlled-environment chambers. Please contact the KBS Stock Room at email@example.com for questions about availability of this equipment.
Instruments in individual faculty labs are available to researchers when possible. If you have need of a certain instrument, contact the responsible faculty member, although limitations related to sample backlogs, instrument complexity, and operating costs may sometimes restrict access.
The following equipment is maintained in individual faculty laboratories; please contact the KBS Stock Room at firstname.lastname@example.org to learn who to contact for access.
- Short- and long-pathlength spectrophotometers, most often used for colorimetric analyses of nutrients in surface waters and soil solutions;
- Gas chromatographs equipped with TCD, FID, and ECD detectors, used for analyses of CO2, CH4, and N2O for studies of dissolved gases, gas emissions, and microbial processes;
- Infrared gas absorption (IRGA) analyzers for measuring CO2 used for quantifying in situ gas fluxes and for soil and microbial incubations;
- A liquid scintillation counter, used for radioisotope assays;
- Field instruments to measure dissolved O2, pH, conductance, and temperature in field measurements of aquatic habitats;
- A high-vacuum line and gas preparation bench for manipulation and purification of gas samples;
- A Costech Model 4010 Elemental Combustion analyzer for the analysis of total carbon and nitrogen in organic matter;
- A Lachat Quik Chem automated ion analyzer (Model 8500, Series 2) to measure concentrations of nitrate and ammonium in soil extracts;
- A Dionex Model ICS-1000 Ion Chromatograph (IC), for analyzing ions in water samples;
- A Shimadzu Model TOC-V total carbon analyzer for measuring dissolved carbon in aqueous samples;
- Survey-grade GPS units for field use, including base station support.
Greenhouses, Field Labs, and Field Research Sites
A newer 1800 sq. ft. greenhouse located near the Terrestrial Ecology field lab is also equipped with supplemental lighting and year-round temperature control. The nearby field lab provides space for sample processing and storage.
Greenhouse use is coordinated by Jeff Conner.
Molecular Ecology and Genomics Lab
The KBS Molecular Ecology and Genomics (MEG) Lab is a state of the art research and teaching laboratory established in 2017 to support the growing research and teaching conducted at KBS that involves molecular tools and bioinformatic analyses.
MEG Lab use is coordinated by Sarah Fitzpatrick.
The Plant Ecology Field Lab—PEFL—provides support for experiments involving plants. It includes space for sorting and drying field samples, access to a new greenhouse, and a fenced common garden with irrigation and the potential for shading treatments. The lab is surrounded by tilled fields and successional old-fields that also can be used for experiments. The PEFL is managed by Jeff Conner.
The Long-term Ecological Research field lab provides convenient access to the main LTER site, and includes a sample processing workroom, plant and soil grinding equipment, a drying oven, coolers for short-term sample storage, and plant and soil archive rooms. Stacey Vander Wulp manages the LTER lab. Other agricultural research field labs include a Sustainable Agriculture Field Lab and a Dairy Research Field Lab, both managed by Brook Wilke.
The Boathouse lab is original estate’s boathouse located on Gull Lake, renovated in 1980 to provide year-round research space for visiting and resident researchers. It includes a wet laboratory and dry laboratory on the ground level, and a dry laboratory and research cubicles on the upper level. Offices and labs in this building are connected to the KBS fiber optic backbone. Andy Fogiel manages this lab.
Experimental Pond Lab
The Experimental Pond Facility is coordinated by Sarah Fitzpatrick.
W.K. Kellogg Farm
The W.K. Kellogg Farm provides agronomic support for the Pasture Dairy Center, the Michigan Cover Crops Program at KBS, the LTER program, GLBRC sustainability research and general crops research. The farm oversees all managed crop and pasture lands at KBS, and provides research access and logistical support for all agricultural research at KBS.
Kellogg Farm use is coordinated and overseen by KBS Farm Manager Brook Wilke.
Terrestrial Field Sites
Terrestrial field sites on KBS lands, in addition to agricultural fields and experimental plots, include fallow farmland in various stages of ecological succession from grasslands to mature deciduous forest, restored native prairies, planted conifer stands, and some old-growth deciduous forest. The KBS LTER site has maps and images showing the spatial configuration of the KBS landscape, including the main site as well as the nearby Lux Arbor Reserve and Marshall Farm. Specific information on agricultural fields is available from KBS Farm Manager Brook Wilke and information on other terrestrial field sites is available from Steve Hamilton.
Aquatic Field Sites
The KBS lands and surroundings contain an abundance of diverse lakes, ponds and wetlands. The KBS Academic Center is located on Gull Lake, one of the largest lakes in southwestern Michigan and the topic of a long history of limnological research, and nearby on KBS land is Wintergreen Lake, one of the most eutrophic lakes in the area. Nearby privately owned lakes have also been studied including Lawrence Lake, an alkaline, strongly groundwater-fed lake. Ponds and wetlands are found throughout the area and range from precipitation-fed bogs to groundwater-fed fens. Water chemistry of local waterbodies is summarized in this LTER book chapter.
The KBS Lux Arbor Reserve has a number of shallow lake and pond environments that mostly become interconnected at high water levels but retain distinct water chemistry and biota (Lux Arbor master map).
Augusta Creek, the site of numerous stream ecology investigations since the 1970s, flows through KBS and MSU lands before entering the Kalamazoo River.
More information on aquatic field sites is available from Steve Hamilton.