Home Research Publications All Publications
All Publications PDF Print E-mail

Jump to: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Aanderud ZT, Shuldman MI, Drenovsky RE, Richards JH. 2008. Shrub-interspace dynamics alter relationships between microbial community composition and belowground ecosystem characteristics. Soil biology & Biochemistry 40: 2206-2216.

Aanderud ZT, Schoolmaster DR, Lennon JT. 2011. Plants Mediate the Sensitivity of Soil Respiration to Rainfall Variability. Ecosystems 14: 156-167.

Aanderud ZT, Lennon JT. 2011. Validation of Heavy-Water Stable Isotope Probing for the Characterization of Rapidly Responding Soil Bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77: 4589-4596.

Aanderud, ZT, Jones SE, Schoolmaster DR, Fierer N, Lennon JT. 2013. Sensitivity of soil respiration and microbial communities to altered snowfall. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 57: 217-227.

Abbot P, et al. 2011. Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality. Nature 471: E1-E4.

Agrawal AA, Conner JK, Johnson MTJ, Wallsgrove R. 2002. Ecological genetics of an induced plant defense against herbivores: Additive genetic variance and costs of phenotypic plasticity. Evolution 56: 2206-2213.

Agrawal AA, Kosola KR, Parry D. 2002. Gypsy moth defoliation and N fertilization affect hybrid poplar regeneration following coppicing. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 1491-1495.

Agrawal AA, Conner J, Stinchcombe J. 2004. Evolution of plant resistance and tolerance to frost damage. Ecology Letters 7: 1199-1208.

Agrawal AA, et al. 2007. Filling key gaps in population and community ecology. . Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 145-152.

Agren J, Oakley CG, McKay JK, Lovell JT, Schemske DW. 2013. Genetic mapping of adaptation reveals fitness tradeoffs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110: 21077-21082.

Agren J, Schemske DW. 2012. Reciprocal transplants demonstrate strong adaptive differentiation of the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana in its native range. New Phytologist 194: 1112-1122.

Ahern RG, Landis DA, Reznicek AA, Schemske DW. 2010. Spread of exotic plants in the landscape: the role of time, growth habit, and history of invasiveness. Biological Invasions 12: 3157-3169.

Aiken RM, Smucker AJM. 1996. Root system regulation of whole plant growth. Annual Review Phytopathology 34: 325-347.

Akinnifesi FK, Smucker AJM, Kang BT. 1999. Below-ground dynamics in agroforestry systems. Annals of Arid Zone 38: 239-273.

Allen HL. 1967. Acetate utilization by heterotrophic bacteria in a pond. Hidrologiai Kozlony 7: 295-297.

—. 1968. Acetate in fresh water: natural substrate concentrations determined by dilution bioassay. Ecology 49: 346-349.

—. 1969. Chemo-organotrophic utilization of dissolved organic compounds by planktic algae and bacteria in a pond. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 54: 1-33.

—. 1971. Chemo-organotrophy in epiphytic bacteria with reference to macrophytic release of dissolved organic matter. Pages 277-280 in Cairns JJ, ed. Structure and Function of Freshwater Microbial Communities. Blacksburg, Virginia, USA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

—. 1971. Primary productivity, chemo-organotrophy, and nutritional interactions of epiphytic algae and bacteria on macrophytes in the littoral of a lake. Ecological Monographs 41: 97-127.

Allen MR. 2010. Genetic and environmental factors influence survival and hatching of diapausing eggs. Limnology and Oceanography 55: 549-559.

Ambus P, Christensen S. 1995. Spatial and seasonal nitrous oxide and methane fluxes in Danish forest-, grassland-, and agroecosystems. Journal of Environmental Quality 24: 993-1001.

Ambus P, Robertson GP. 1998. Automated near-continuous measurement of carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide fluxes from soil. Soil Science Society of America 62: 394-400.

—. 1999. Fluxes of CH4 and N2O in aspen stands grown under ambient and twice-ambient CO2. Plant and Soil 209: 1-8.

Ambus P, Jensen ES, Robertson GP. 2001. Nitrous oxide and N-leaching losses from agricultural soil: influence of crop residue particle size, quality and placement. Phyton -Annales Rei Botanicae 41: 7-15.

Ambus P, Robertson GP. 2006. The Effect of increased N deposition on nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide fluxes from unmanaged forest and grassland communities in Michigan. Biogeochemistry 79: 315-337.

Angert AL, Bradshaw HD, Schemske DW. 2008. Using experimental evolution to investigate geographic range limits in monkeyflowers. Evolution 62: 2660-2675.

Annett CS, D'Itri FM. 1978. Mercury in fish and sediments in two eutrophic Michigan lakes with respect to time and urbanization. Pages 866-878 in Adriano DC, Brisbin IL, eds. Environmental Chemistry and Cycling Processes, vol. 45. Augusta, Georgia, USA: Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, Energy Research and Development Administration.

Arango CP, Tank JL, Johnson LT, Hamilton SK. 2008. Assimilatory uptake rather than nitrification and denitrification determines nitrogen removal patterns in streams of varying land use. Limnology and Oceanography 53: 2558-2572.

Asseng S, et al. 2013. Uncertainty in simulating wheat yields under climate change. Nature Climate Change 3: 827-832.

Auld SKJR, Hall SR, Ochs JH, Sebastian M, Duffy MA. 2014. Predators and Patterns of Within-Host Growth Can Mediate Both Among-Host Competition and Evolution of Transmission Potential of Parasites. American Naturalist 184: S77-S90.

Ayres MP, Scriber JM. 1994. Local adaptations to regional climates in Papillo Canadersis Lepidoptera: Papollionidae. Ecological Monographs 64: 465-482.

Back to Top


Bachmann MD, Carlton RG, Burkholder JM, Wetzel RG. 1986. Symbiosis between salamander eggs and green algae: microelectrode measurements inside eggs demonstrate effect of photosynthesis on oxygen concentration. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64: 1586-1588.

Baird IE, Wetzel RG. 1968. A method for the determination of zero thickness activity of 14C labeled benthic diatoms in sand. Limnology and Oceanography 13: 379-382.

Ball BA, et al. 2010. Direct and Terrestrial Vegetation-mediated Effects of Environmental Change on Aquatic Ecosystem Processes. Bioscience 60: 590-601.

Ballare, CL, Gross KL, Monson RK. 2013. Zooming in on plant interactions. Oecologia 171: 601-603.

Banovetz SJ, Scheiner SM. 1994. Effects of seed mass on the seed ecology of Coreopsis lanceolata. American Midland Naturalist 131: 65-74.

—. 1994. Secondary seed dormancy in Coreopsis lanceolata. American Midland Naturalist 131: 75-83.

Barko JW, Murphy PG, Wetzel RG. 1977. Investigation of primary production and ecosystem metabolism in a Lake Michigan dune pond. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 81: 155-187.

Barnes JR, Ovink R, Cummins KW. 1978. Leaf litter processing in Gull Lake, Michigan, U.S.A. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 20: 475-479.

Barton AD, AJ Pershing, E Litchman, NR Record, KF Edwards, ZV Finkel, T Kiørboe and BA Ward. 2013. The biogeography of marine plankton traits. Ecology Letters 16: 522-534.

Basso B, Ritchie JT. 2005. Impact of compost, manure and inorganic fertilizer on nitrate leaching and yield for a 6-year maize -alfalfa rotation in Michigan. Agriculture Ecosystems, and the Environment 108: 329-341.

Basso B, Gargiulo O, Paustian K, Robertson GP, Porter C, Grace PR, Jones JW. 2011. Procedures for Initializing Soil Organic Carbon Pools in the DSSAT-CENTURY Model for Agricultural Systems. Soil Science Society of American Journal 75: 69-78.

Basso B, Ritchie JT, Cammarano D, Sartori L. 2011. A strategic and tactical management approach to select optimal N fertilizer rates for wheat in a spatially variable field. European Journal of Agronomy 35: 215-222.

Basso B, Sartori L, Bertocco M, Cammarano D, Martin EC, Grace PR. 2011. Economic and environmental evaluation of site-specific tillage in a maize crop in NE Italy. European Journal of Agronomy 35: 83-92.

Basso B, Ritchie JT. 2012. Assessing the Impact of Management Strategies on Water Use Efficiency Using Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Models. Vadose Zone Journal 11.

Basso B, Fiorentino C, Cammarano D, Cafiero G, Dardanelli J. 2012. Analysis of rainfall distribution on spatial and temporal patterns of wheat yield in Mediterranean environment. European Journal of Agronomy 41: 52-65.

Basso B, Sartori L, Cammarano D, Fiorentino C, Grace PR, Fountas S, Sorensen CA. 2012. Environmental and economic evaluation of N fertilizer rates in a maize crop in Italy: A spatial and temporal analysis using crop models. Biosystems Engineering 113: 103-111.

Basso B, De Simone L, Cammarano D, Martin EC, Margiotta S, Grace PR, Yeh ML, Chou TY. 2012. Evaluating Responses to Land Degradation Mitigation Measures in Southern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research 6: 367-380.

Basso B, Cammarano D, Fiorentino C, Ritchie JT. 2013. Wheat yield response to spatially variable nitrogen fertilizer in Mediterranean environment. European Journal of Agronomy 51: 65-70.

Basso B, Ritchie J. 2014. Temperature and drought effects on maize yield. Nature Climate Change 4: 233.

Bassu S, et al. 2014. How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Global Change Biology 20: 2301-2320.

Beaulieu JJ, Arango CP, Hamilton SK, Tank JL. 2008. The production and emission of nitrous oxide from headwater streams in the midwestern United States. Global Change Biology 14: 878-894.

Beaulieu JJ, et al. 2011. Nitrous oxide emission from denitrification in stream and river networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 214-219

Becker C, Boersma M. 2007. Effects of essential fatty acids on the reproduction of a generalist herbivore. Journal of Plankton Research 29: 463-470.

Beedy TL, Snapp SS, Akinnifesi FK, Sileshi GW. 2010. Impact of Gliricidia sepium intercropping on soil organic matter fractions in a maize-based cropping system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 138: 139-146.

Beer S, Wetzel RG. 1981. Photosynthetic carbon metabolism in the submerged aquatic angiosperm Scirpus subterminalis. Plant Science Letters 21: 199-207.

Beer S, Stewart AJ, Wetzel RG. 1982. Measuring chlorophyll a and 14C-labeled photosynthate in aquatic angiosperms by the use of a tissue solubilizer. Plant Physiology 69: 54-57.

Beer S, Wetzel RG. 1982. Photosynthetic carbon fixation pathways in Zostera marina and three Florida seagrasses. Aquatic Botany 13: 141-146.

—. 1982. Photosynthesis in submersed macrophytes of a temperate lake. Plant Physiology 70: 488-492.

Bergsma TT, Bergsma QC, Ostrom NE, Robertson GP. 1999. A heuristic model for the calculation of dinitrogen and nitrous oxide flux for 15N-labeled soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 1709- 1716.

Bergsma TT, Ostrom NE, Emmons M, Robertson GP. 2001. Measuring simultaneous fluxes from soil of N2O and N2 in the field using the 15N-Gas "Nonequilibrium" technique. Environmental Science and Technology 35: 4307-4312.

Bergsma TT, Robertson GP, Ostrom NE. 2002. Influence of soil moisture and land use history on denitrification end-products. Journal of Environmental Quality 31: 711-717.

Berney MF, Bird GW. 1998. Nematodes. Pages 71-79 in Cavigelli M.A. DSR, Probyn L.K., Harwood R.R., ed. Michigan Field Crop Ecology, vol. E-2646. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Bernot MJ, et al. 2010. Inter-regional comparison of land-use effects on stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology 55: 1874-1890.

Bernsten R, Snapp SS. 2009. Sustainable agricultural development in developing countries. Pages 95-122 in Phoenix LE, ed. Critical Food Issues: Problems and State-of-The-Arts Worldwide., vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Bhardwaj AK, Zenone T, Jasrotia P, Robertson GP, Chen J, Hamilton SK. 2010. Water and energy footprints of bioenergy crop production on marginal lands. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 3: 208-222.

Bhardwaj AK, Jasrotia P, Hamilton SK, Robertson GP. 2011. Ecological management of intensively cropped agro-ecosystems improves soil quality with sustained productivity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 140: 419-429.

Bird GW, Berney MF. 1998. Pest ecology and management. Pages 54-58 in Cavigelli MA DS, Probyn LK, Harwood RR, ed. Michigan Field Crop Ecology, vol. E-2646. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin

Bird GW, Berney MF, Cavigelli MA. 1998. Soil ecology. Pages 12-16 in Cavigelli M.A. DSR, Probyn L.K., Harwood R.R., ed. Michigan Field Crop Ecology, vol. E-2646. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Bird GW. 2000. Nematodes and soil quality. Pages 84-94 in Probyn L.K. CMA, Mutch D.R., ed. Michigan Field Crop Pest Ecology and Management, vol. E-2704. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Bird GW, Fisk JW. 2000. Standards, technology, institutions, and economics of organic farming in the USA. Pages 213-228. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Development of Agribusiness and its Impact on Agriculture Production in Southeast Asia. Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo University of Agriculture.

Bird GW. 2001. Patterns of agricultural sustainability. Pages 101-106. Sustainable Agriculture: Possibility and Direction, 2nd Asia-Pacific Conference on Sustainable Agriculture. Bankok, Thailand: Thailand national Science and Technology Development Agency.

—. 2003. Role of integrated pest management and sustainable development. Pages 73-85 in Maredia KS DD, Mota-Sanchez D,, ed. Integrated Pest Management in the Global Arena. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: CABI Publishing.

Bird GW, Harwood RR, Sanchez JE, Berney MF, Smeenk J, Smith JJ. 2004. Role of nematodes in nutrient cycling. Phytopathology 94: 129.

Bird GW, Brewer MJ. 2006. Innovative integrated pest management for sustainable systems. Pages 25-49 in Francis CR PC, Bird GW, ed. Developing and Extending Sustainable Agriculture: A New Social Contract. Binghampton, New York, USA: Haworth Press.

Birdsley J. 2002. Phylogeny of the tyrant flycatchers…. Auk 119: 715-734.

Blackwood CB, Marsh T, Kim SH, Paul EA. 2003. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism data analysis for quantitative comparison of microbial communities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69: 926-932.

Blackwood CB, Paul EA. 2003. Eubacterial community structure and population size within the soil light fraction, rhizosphere, and heavy fraction of several agricultural systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35: 1245-1255.

Blackwood CB, Dell CJ, Smucker AJ, Paul EA. 2006. Eubacterial communities in different soil macroaggregate environments and cropping systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 720-728.

Blankespoor HD. 1981. What you should know about Swimmers' Itch. Holland, Michigan, USA: H. Blankespoor.

Blankespoor HD, Wittrock DD, Aho J, Esch GW. 1982. Host-parasite interface of the fluke Collyriclum faba (Bremser in Schmalz, 1831) as revealed by light and electron microscopy. Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 69: 191-199.

Blankespoor HD, Esch GW, Johnson WC. 1985. Some observations on the biology of Collyriclum faba (Bremser in Schmalz, 1831). Journal of Parasitology 71: 469-471.

Boling RHJ, Goodman ED, VanSickle JA, Zimmer JO, Cummins KW, Petersen RC, Reice SR. 1975. Toward a model of detritus processing in a woodland stream. Ecology 56: 141-151.

Boon JJ, Wetzel RG, Godshalk GL. 1982. Pyrolysis mass spectrometry of some Scirpus species and their decomposition products. Limnology and Oceanography 27: 839-848.

Boon JJ, Windig JW, Wetzel RG, Godshalk GL. 1983. Analytical pyrolysis of particulate residues of decomposing Myriophyllum heterophyllum. Aquatic Botany 15: 307-320.

Bossart JL, Scriber JM. 1995. Maintenance of ecologically significant genetic variation in the tiger swallowtail butterfly through differential selection and gene flow. Evolution 49: 1163-1171.

—. 1995. Genetic variation in oviposition preferences in a tiger swallowtail butterfly: interspecific, interpopulation, and interindividual comparisons. Pages 183-193 in Scriber JM TY, Lederhouse RC, ed. The Swallowtail Butterflies:  Their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Gainsville, Florida, USA: Scientific Publishers, Inc.

Boyd PW, TA Rynearson, EA Armstrong, F-X Fu, K Hayashi, Z Hu, DA Hutchins, RM Kudela, E Litchman, MR Mulholland, U Passow, RF Strzepek, KA Whittaker, E Yu and MK Thomas. 2013. Marine phytoplankton temperature versus growth responses from polar to tropical waters - outcome of a scientific community-wide study. PLoS ONE 8 (5): e63091.

Bradshaw L, Goldberg DE. 1989. Resource levels in undisturbed vegetation and mole mounds in old fields. American Midland Naturalist 121: 176-183.

Bradshaw HD, Schemske DW. 2003. Allele substitution at a flower colour locus produces a pollinator shift in monkeyflowers. Nature 426: 176-178.

Brammer ES, Wetzel RG. 1984. Uptake and release of K+, Na+, and Ca2+ by the water soldier, Stratiotes aloides L. Aquatic Botany 19: 119-130.

Brassil CE. 2006. Can environmental variation generate positive indirect effects in a model of shared predation? American Naturalist 167: 43-54.

Broughton LC, Gross. KL. 2000. Patterns of diversity in plant and soil microbial communities along a productivity gradient in a Michigan old-field. Oecologia 125: 420-427.

Brown JM, Wilson DS. 1992. Local specialization of phoretic mites on sympatric carrion beetle hosts. Ecology 73: 463-478.

—. 1994. Poecilochirus carabi: behavioral and life-history adaptations to different hosts and the consequences of geographical shifts in host communities. Pages 1-22 in Houck MA, ed. Mites: Ecological and Evolutionary Analyses of Life-history Patterns. New York, N.Y., USA: Chapman & Hall.

Bruesewitz DA, Tank JL, Hamilton SK. 2009. Seasonal effects of zebra mussels on littoral nitrogen transformation rates in Gull Lake, Michigan, USA. Freshwater Biology 54: 1427-1443.

Bruesewitz D, Tank L, Hamilton S. 2012. Incorporating spatial variation of nitrification and denitrification rates into whole-lake nitrogen dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research:Biogeosciences 117.

Bruns MA, Fries MA, Tiedje JM, Paul EA. 1998. Functional gene hybridization patterns of terrestrial ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Microbial Ecology 36: 293-302.

Bruns MA, Stephen JR, Prosser JI, Paul EA. 1999. Comparative diversity of ammonia-oxidizer 16S rRNA gene sequences in native, tilled, and successional soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 2994-3000.

Buckley DH, Graber JR, Schmidt TM. 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of nonthermophilic members of the Kingdom (Crenarachaeota) and their diversity and abundance in soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 4333-4339.

Buckley DH, Schmidt TM. 2001. Environmental factors influencing the distribution of rRNA from Verrucomicrobia in soil. FEMS Microbial Ecology 35: 105-112.

—. 2001. The structure of microbial communities in soil and the lasting impact of cultivation. Microbial Ecology 42: 11-21.

—. 2002. Exploring the diversity of soil - a microbial rainforest. Pages 183-208 in Staley JT RA, ed. Biodiversity of Microbial Life: Foundation of Earth's Biosphere. New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

—. 2003. Diversity and dynamics of microbial communities in soils from agroecosystems. Environmental Microbiology 5: 441-452.

Bunn SE, Thoms MC, Hamilton SK, Capon SJ. 2006. Flow variability in dryland rivers: Boom, bust and the bits in between. River Research and Applications 22: 179-186.

Burbank DH, Pregitzer KS, Gross KL. 1992. Vegetation of the W.K. Kellogg Biological Station, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Michigan State University.  Agricultural Experiment Station.  Research Report 510. Report no. 510.

Burbidge RG. 1969. Age, growth, length-weight relationship, sex ratio, and food habits of American smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchell), from Gull Lake, Michigan. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 98: 631-640.

Burch JB, Patterson CM. 1966. Key to the genera of land gastropods (snails and slugs) of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology. Circular 5. Report no. Circular 5.

Burgin AJ, Hamilton SK. 2007. Have we overemphasized the role of denitrification in aquatic ecosystems? A review of nitrate removal pathways. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 89-96.

—. 2008. NO3- driven SO42- production in freshwater ecosystems: implications for N and S cycling.  . Ecosystems 11: 908-922.

Burgin AJ, Yang WH, Hamilton SK, Silver WL. 2011. Beyond carbon and nitrogen: how the microbial energy economy couples elemental cycles in diverse ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 44-52.

Burgin AJ, Hamilton SK, Jones SE, Lennon JT. 2012. Denitrification by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in a eutrophic lake. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 66: 283-293.

Burkholder JM, Sheath RG. 1984. The seasonal distribution, abundance and diversity of desmids (Chlorophyta) in a softwater, north temperate stream. Journal of Phycology 20: 159-172.

—. 1985. Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island. I. A comparative analysis of physical and chemical variables. Hydrobiologia 128: 97-108.

Burkholder JM, Wetzel RG. 1989. Microbial colonization on natural and artificial macrophytes in a phosphorus-limited, hardwater lake. Journal of Phycology 25: 55-65.

—. 1989. Epiphytic microalgae on natural substrata in a hardwater lake: seasonal dynamics of community structure, biomass and ATP content. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. Supplement 83: 1-56.

—. 1990. Epiphytic alkaline phosphatase on natural and artificial plants in an oligotrophic lake: re-evaluation of the role of macrophytes as a phosphorus source for epiphytes. Limnology and Oceanography 35: 736-747.

Burns RD. 1963. Michigan cooperative cardinal study. Nesting data. Jack-Pine Warbler 41: 56-61.

Burton TM, Stanford RM, Allan JW. 1981. The effects of acid rain on Michigan streams. Michigan Riparian November: 6-7.

Burton T, Stanford RM, Allan JW. 1982. Effects of acidification on stream ecosystems. Pages 209-235 in D'Itri FM, ed. Acid Precipitation: Effects on Ecological Systems. Woburn, Michigan, USA: Ann Arbor Science.

Burton TM, Allan JW. 1986. Influence of pH, aluminum, and organic matter on stream invertebrates. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43: 1285-1289.

Bushnell JH, Jr. 1965. On the taxonomy and distribution of freshwater Ectoprocta in Michigan. Part I. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 84: 231-244.

—. 1965. On the taxonomy and distribution of freshwater Ectoprocta in Michigan. Part II. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 84: 339-358.

—. 1965. On the taxonomy and distribution of freshwater Ectoprocta in Michigan. Part III. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 84: 529-548.

—. 1966. Environmental relations of Michigan Ectoprocta, and dynamics of natural populations of Plumatella repens. Ecological Monographs 36: 95-123.

Bushnell JH, Jr., Porter TW. 1967. The occurrence, habitat, and prey of Craspedacusta sowerbyi (particularly polyp stage) in Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 86: 22-27.

Butler R, et al. 2007. Cyberinfrastructure for the analysis of ecological acoustic sensor data: a use case study in grid deployment. Cluster Computing 10: 301-310.

Back to Top


Cáceres CE, Tessier AJ. 2003. How long to rest:  the ecology of optimal dormancy and environmental constraint. Ecology 84: 1189-1198.

—. 2004. To sink or swim: Variable diapause strategies among Daphnia species. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1333-1340.

—. 2004. Incidence of diapause varies among populations of Daphnia pulicaria. Oecologia 141: 425-431.

Cáceres CE, Hall SR, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Helmle C, MacIntyre S. 2006. Physical structure of lakes constrains epidemics in Daphnia populations. Ecology 87: 1438-1444.

Cáceres CE, Christoff AN, Boeing WJ. 2007. Variation in ephippial buoyancy in Daphnia pulicaria. . Freshwater Biology 52: 313-318.

Cáceres CE, Tessier AJ, Andreou A, Duffy MA. 2008. Stoichiometric relationships in vernal pond plankton communities. Freshwater Biology 53: 1291-1302.

Cáceres CE, Hartway C, Paczolt KA. 2009. Inbreeding depression varies with investment in sex in a facultative parthenogen. Evolution 63: 2474-2480

Cáceres CE, Knight CJ, Hall SR. 2009. Predator-spreaders: Predation can enhance parasite success in a planktonic host-parasite system.  . Ecology 90: 2850-2858.

Caldeira K, Morgan MG, Baldocchi D, Brewer PG, Chen CTA, Nabuurs G-J, N.Nakicenovic, Robertson GP. 2004. A portfolio of carbon management options. Pages 103-130 in Field CB, Raupach MR, eds. The Global Carbon Cycle: Intergrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World. New York, New York,: Island Press.

Caldwell DE, Hirsch P. 1973. Growth of microorganisms in two-dimensional steady-state diffusion gradients. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 19: 53-58.

Caldwell DE, Tiedje JM. 1975. The structure of anaerobic bacterial communities in the hypolimnia of several Michigan lakes. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 21: 377-385.

—. 1975. A morphological study of anaerobic bacteria from the hypolimnia of two Michigan lakes. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 21: 362-376.

Caldwell DE, Caldwell SJ, Tiedje JM. 1975. An ecological study of the sulfur-oxidizing bacteria from the littoral zone of a Michigan lake and a sulfur spring in Florida. Plant and Soil 43: 101-114.

Calheiros DF, Hamilton SK. 1998. Limnological conditions associated with natural fish kills in the Pantanal Wetland of Brazil. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 26: 2189-2193.

Calmon MA, Batchelor WD, Jones JW, Ritchie JT, Boote KJ, Hammond LC. 1999. Simulating soybean root growth and soil water extraction using a functional crop. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineering 42: 1867-1877.

Cammarano D, Fitzgerald G, Basso B, O'Leary G, Chen DL, Grace P, Fiorentino C. 2011. Use of the Canopy Chlorophyl Content Index (CCCI) for Remote Estimation of Wheat Nitrogen Content in Rainfed Environments. Agronomy Journal 6: 1597-1603.

Cammarano D, Fitzgerald G, Basso B, Chen DL, Grace P, O'Leary G. 2011. Remote estimation of chlorophyll on two wheat cultivars in two rainfed environments. Crop & Pasture Science 62: 269-275

Cammarano D, Payero J, Basso B, Stefanova L, Grace P. 2012. Adapting wheat sowing dates to projected climate change in the Australian subtropics: analysis of crop water use and yield. Crop & Pasture Science 63: 974-986.

Cammarano D, Payero J, Basso B, Wilkens P, Grace P. 2012. Agronomic and economic evaluation of irrigation strategies on cotton lint yield in Australia. Crop & Pasture Science 63: 647-655.

Cammarano D, et al. 2013. Evaluating the fidelity of downscaled climate data on simulated wheat and maize production in the southeastern US. Regional Environmental Change 13: S101-S110.

Cammarano D, Fitzgerald GJ, Casa R, Basso B. 2014. Assessing the robustness of vegetation indices to estimate wheat N in mediterranean environments. Remote Sensing 6: 2827-2844.

Carlton RG, Wetzel RG. 1985. A box corer for studying metabolism of epipelic microorganisms in sediment under in situ conditions. Limnology and Oceanography 30: 422-426.

—. 1987. Distributions and fates of oxygen in periphyton communities. Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 1031-1037.

—. 1988. Phosphorus flux from lake sediments: effect of epipelic algal oxygen production. Limnology and Oceanography 33: 562-570.

Carlton RG, Walker GS, Klug MJ, Wetzel RG. 1989. Relative values of oxygen, nitrate, and sulfate to terminal microbial processes in the sediments of Lake Superior. Journal of Great Lakes Research 15: 133-140.

Carlton RG, Paerl HW. 1989. Oxygen-induced changes in morphology of aggregates of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Cyanophyceae): implications for nitrogen fixation potentials. Journal of Phycology 25: 326-333.

Casa R, Castaldi F, Pascucci S, Basso B, Pignatti S. 2013. Geophysical and Hyperspectral Data Fusion Techniques for In-Field Estimation of Soil Properties. Vadose Zone Journal 12.

Caswell H, Werner PA. 1978. Transient behavior and life history analysis of teasel Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. Ecology 59: 53-66.

Cavigelli MA, Robertson GP, Klug MJ. 1995. Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) profiles as measures of soil microbial community structure. Plant and Soil 170: 99-113.

Cavigelli MA. 1998. Carbon and Nitrogen. Pages 17- 43 in Cavigelli MA, Deming SR, Probyn LK, Harwood RR, eds. Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing Biological Processes for Productivity and  Environmental Quality, vol. E-2646: Michigan State University.

Cavigelli MA, Deming SR, Probyn LK, Harwood RR, eds. 1998. Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing Biological Processes for Productivity and Environmental Quality: Michigan State University.

Cavigelli MA, Robertson GP. 2000. The functional significance of denitrifier community composistion in a terrestrial ecosystem. Ecology 81: 1402-1414.

Cavigelli MA. 2000. Soil ecology and pest management. Pages 25-34 in Probyn LK CM, Mutch DR, ed. Michigan Field Crop Pest Ecology and Management., vol. E-2704. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Cavigelli MA, Robertson GP. 2001. Role of denitrifier diversity in rates of nitrous oxide consumption in a terrestrial ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33: 297-310.

Chase JM. 1999. To grow or to reproduce? The role of life-history plasticity in food web dynamics. The American Naturalist 154: 571-586.

—. 1999. Food web effects of prey size refugia: Variable interactions and alternative stable equilibria. The American Naturalist 154: 559-570.

Chase JM, Leibold MA. 2002. Spatial scale dictates the productivity-diversity relationship. Nature 416: 427-430.

Chase JM. 2003. Experimental evidence for alternative stable equilibria in a benthic pond food web. Ecology Letters 6: 733-741.

—. 2003. Strong and Weak Trophic Cascades Along a Productivity Gradient. Oikos 101: 187-195.

Chikowo R, Zingore S, Snapp S, Johnston A. 2014. Farm typologies, soil fertility variability and nutrient management in smallholder farming in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 100: 1-18.

Christenson DR, Warncke DD, Vitosh ML, Jacobs LW, Dahl JG. 1992. Fertilizer Recommendations for Field Crops in Michigan. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Cid-Benevento CR, Werner PA. 1986. Local distributions of old-field and woodland annual plant species: demography, physiological tolerances and allocation of biomass of five species grown in experimental light and soil-moisture gradients. Journal of Ecology 74: 857-880.

Cid-Benevento CR, Schaal BA. 1986. Variation in population growth rate in the woodland annual Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae). American Journal of Botany 73: 1031-1042.

Cid-Benevento CR. 1987. Distributional limits of old-field and woodland annual herbs: the relative importance of seed availability and interference from herbaceous vegetation. American Midland Naturalist 117: 296-306.

—. 1987. Relative effects of light, soil moisture availability and vegetative size on sex ratio of two monoecious woodland annual herbs: Acalypha rhomboidea (Euphorbiaceae) and Pilea pumila (Urticaceae). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 114: 293-306.

Clark AB. 1985. Sociality in a nocturnal "solitary" prosimian: Galago crassicaudatus. International Journal of Primatology 6: 581-600.

Clark AB, Wilson DS. 1985. The onset of incubation in birds. American Naturalist 125: 603-611.

Clark AB, Ehlinger TJ. 1987. Pattern and adaptation in individual behavior differences. Perspectives in Ethology 7: 1-47.

Clark AB. 1988. Interspecific differences and discrimination of auditory and olfactory signals of Galago crassicaudatus and Galago garnettii. International Journal of Primatology 9: 557-571.

Clark MS, Gage SH, Spence JR. 1997. Habitats and management associated with common ground beetles Coleoptera: Carabidae in a Michigan agricultural landscape. Environmental Entomology 26: 519-527.

Clark CM, Cleland EE, Collins SL, Fargione JE, Gough L, Gross KL, Pennings SC, Suding KN, Grace JB. 2007. Environmental and plant community determinants of species loss following nitrogen enrichment. Ecology Letters 10: 596-607.

Cleland EE, C. Clark, S. Collins, J. Fargione, L. Gough, K. L. Gross, D. G. Milchunas, S. Pennings, W. D. Bowman, I. C. Burke, W. K. Lauenroth, G. P. Robertson, J. Simpson, D. Tilman, and K. N. Suding. 2008.  Ecology 89: p. 1175. 2008. Species responses to nitrogen fertilization in herbaceous plant communities and associated species traits (Data Paper). Ecology 89: 1175.

Cleland EE, Clark CM, Collins SL, Fargione JE, Gough L, Gross KL, Pennings SC, Suding KN. 2011. Patterns of trait convergence and divergence among native and exotic species in herbaceous plant communities are not modified by nitrogen enrichment. Journal of Ecology 99: 1327-1338.

Cleland EE, Collins, SL, Dickson, TL, Farrer, EC, Gross, KL, Gherardi, LA, Hallett, LM, Hobbs, RJ, Hsu, JS, Turnbull, L, Suding, KN. 2013. Sensitivity of grassland plant community composition to spatial vs. temporal variation in precipitation. Ecology 94: 1687-1696.

Cohen GM, Shurin. JB. 2003. Scale-dependence and mechanisms of dispersal infreshwater zooplankton. Oikos 103: 603-617.

Colecchia SA, Basso B, Cammarano D, Gallo A, Mastrangelo AM, Pontieri P, Del Giudice L, Pignone D, De Vita P. 2013. On the relationship between N management and grain protein content in six durum wheat cultivars in Mediterranean environment. Journal of Plant Interactions 8: 271-279.

Collins HP, Robertson GP, Klug MJ, eds. 1995. The Significance and Regulation of Soil Biodiversity Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Collins HP, Paul EA, Paustian K, Elliott ET. 1997. Characterization of soil organic carbon relative to its stability and turnover. Pages 51-72 in Paul EA PK, Elliott ET, Cole CV,, ed. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems: Long-Term Experiments in North America. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Lewis Publishers, Inc.

Collins HP, Blevins RL, Bundy LG, Christenson DR, Dick WA, Huggins DR, Paul EA. 1999. Soil carbon dynamics in corn-based agroecosystems: Results from carbon-13 natural abundance. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 584-591.

Collins HP, Elliott ET, Paustian K, Bundy LG, Dick WA, Huggins DR, Smucker AJM, Paul EA. 2000. Soil carbon pools and fluxes in long-term corn belt agroecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32: 157-168.

Collins SL, Suding KN, Cleland EE, Batty M, Pennings SC, Gross KL, Grace JB, Gough L, Fargione JE, Clark CM. 2008. Rank clocks and plant community dynamics. Ecology 89: 3534-3541

Collins SL, et al. 2011. An integrated conceptual framework for long-term social-ecological research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 351-357.

Colunga-Garcia M, Gage SH, Landis DA. 1997. The response of an assemblage of Coccinellidae Coleoptera to a diverse agricultural landscape. Environmental Entomology 26: 797-804.

Colunga-Garcia M, Gage SH. 1998. Arrival, establishment, and habitat use of the multicolored Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera) in a Michigan landscape. Environmental Entomology 27: 1574-1580.

Colunga-Garcia M, Gage SH, Dyer LE. 1998. The insect community. Pages 59-70 in Cavigelli MA, Deming, S.R., Probyn, L.K., Harwood, R.R., ed. Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing Biological Processes for Productivity and Environmental Quality., vol. E-2646. East Lansing, Michigan, USA: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin.

Conner JK. 1997. Floral evolution in wild radish:  the roles of pollinators, natural selection, and genetic correlations among traits. International Journal of Plant Sciences 158 Suppl: S108-S120.

Conner JK, Zangori LA. 1998. Combined effects of water, nutrient, and UV-B stress on female fitness in Brassica (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 85: 925-931.

Conner JK. 2001. How strong is natural selection? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 215-217.

Conner JK, Neumeier R. 2002. The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation and intraspecific competition on growth, pollination success, and lifetime female fitness in Phacelia campanularia and P. purshii (Hydrophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany 89: 103-110.

Conner JK. 2002. Genetic mechanisms of floral trait correlations in a natural population. Nature 420: 407-410.

Conner JK, Rice AM, Stewart C, Morgan MT. 2003. Patterns and mechanisms of selection on a family-diagnostic trait: evidence from experimental manipulation and lifetime fitness selection gradients. Evolution 57: 480-486.

Conner JK, Franks R, Stewart C. 2003. Expression of additive genetic variances and covariances for wild radish floral traits: Comparison between field and greenhouse environments. Evolution 57: 487-495.

Conner JK. 2003. Artificial selection: a powerful tool for ecologists. Ecology 84: 1650-1660.

Conner JK, Hartl DL. 2004. A primer of ecological genetics. Sunderland, Mass: Sinauer Associates.

Conner JK, Agrawal AA. 2005. Mechanisms of constraints: The contributions of selection and genetic variance to the maintenance of cotyledon number in wild radish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 238-242.

Conner JK. 2006. Ecological genetics of floral evolution in Harder LD, Barrett SCH, eds. The Ecology and Evolution of Flowers: Oxford University Press.

Conner JK. 2007. A tale of two methods: putting biology before statistics in the study of phenotypic evolution. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 17-19.

Conner JK, Sahli HF, Karoly K. 2009. Tests of adaptation: functional studies of pollen removal and estimates of natural selection on anther position in wild radish. Annals of Botany 103: 1547-1556.

Conner JK. 2010. Natural selection in plants 151 years after the origin: introduction. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171: 927-929.

Conner JK, Karoly K, Stewart C, Koelling VA, Sahli HF, Shaw FH. 2011. Rapid Independent Trait Evolution despite a Strong Pleiotropic Genetic Correlation. American Naturalist 178: 429-441.

Conner JK.  2012. Quantitative Genetic Approaches to Evolutionary Constraint: How Useful? Evolution 66: 3313-3320.

Conner JK, Lande R. 2014. Raissa L. Berg's contributions to the study of phenotypic integration, with a professional biographical sketch. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 369.

Conner JK, Cooper IA, La Rosa RJ, Perez SG, Royer AM. 2014. Patterns of phenotypic correlations among morphological traits across plants and animals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 369.

Conner JK, Mills CJ, Koelling VA, Karoly K. 2014. Artificial selection on anther exsertion in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum. Scientific Data 1.

Cora J, Pierce FJ, Basso B, Ritchie JT. 1999. Simulation of within field variability of corn yield with CERES-Maize model. Pages 1309-1319 in Robert PC RR, Larson WE, ed. Precision Agriculture. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: ASA-CSSA-SSSA.

Corbin AT, Thelen KD, Robertson GP, Leep RH. 2010. Influence of Cropping Systems on Soil Aggregate and Weed Seedbank Dynamics During the Organic Transition Period. Agronomy Journal 102: 1632-1640.

Costamagna AC, Landis DA. 2004. Effect of food resources on adult Glyptapanteles militaris and Meteorus communis (Hymenoptera : Braconidae), parasitoids of Pseudaletia unipuncta (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology 33: 128-137.

Costamagna AC, Menalled FD, Landis DA. 2004. Host density influences parasitism of the armyworm Pseudaletia unipuncta in agricultural landscapes. Basic and Applied Ecology 5: 347-355.

Costamagna AC, Landis DA. 2006. Predators exert top-down control of soybean aphid across a gradient of agricultural management systems. Ecological Applications 16: 1619-1628.

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST). 2004. Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Agriculture. Ames, Iowa, USA: Task Force Report No. 141, Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST).

Coveney MF, Wetzel RG. 1984. Improved double-vial radiorespirometric technique for mineralization of 14C-labeled substrates. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 47: 1154-1157.

Coveney MF. 1988. Fluorometric measurement of extracted chlorophyll pigments. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 23: 938-943.

Coveney MF, Wetzel RG. 1988. Experimental evaluation of conversion factors for the (3H) thymidine incorporation assay of bacterial secondary productivity. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 54: 2018-2026.

—. 1989. Bacterial metabolism of algal extracellular carbon. Hydrobiologia 173: 141-149.

—. 1992. Effects of nutrients on specific growth rate of bacterioplankton in oligotrophic lake water cultures. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58: 150-156.

—. 1995. Biomass, production, and specific growth rate of bacterioplankton and coupling to phytoplankton in an oligotrophic lake. Limnology and Oceanography 40: 1187-1200.

Cowan DF, Johnson WC. 1970. Amyloidosis in the white Pekin duck. 1. Relation to social environmental stress. Laboratory Investigation 23: 551-555.

Coy KB, Blankespoor HD, Ulmer MJ. 1982. Recruitment of digenetic trematodes using caged snails. Journal of Parasitology 68: 496-500.

Creed RP, Jr., Miller JR. 1990. Interpreting animal wall-following behavior. Experientia (Basel) 46: 758-761.

Creed RP, Jr., Reice SR. 1990. Seasonal diet of the margined madtom Noturus insignis (Osteichthyes: Ictaluridae), in a North Carolina piedmont stream. Brimleyana 16: 23-32.

Creed RP, Jr. 1994. Direct and indirect effects of crayfish grazing in a stream community. Ecology 75: 2091-2103.

Crowder LB, Cooper WE. 1982. Habitat structural complexity and the interaction between bluegills and their prey. Ecology 63: 1802-1813.

Crowley PH. 1973. Filtering rate inhibition of Daphnia pulex in Wintergreen Lake water. Limnology and Oceanography 18: 394-402.

Crum JR, Robertson GP, Nurnberger F. 1990. Long-term climate trends and agricultural productivity in Southwest Michigan. Pages 53-58 in Greenland D, Swift LW, Jr., eds. Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response:  Proceedings of a Long-term Ecological Research Workshop, Niwot Ridge/Green Lakes Valley LTER Site, Mountain Research Station, University of Colorado, Boulder, Aug. 21-23, 1988, vol. 65. Asheville, North Carolina, USA: Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, General Technical Report.

Crumpton WG, Wetzel RG. 1980. Novolacs: Synthetic resins suitable for mounting biological materials. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 99: 347-348.

—. 1981. A method for preparing permanent mounts of phytoplankton for critical microscopy and cell counting. Limnology and Oceanography 26: 976-980.

—. 1982. Effects of differential growth and mortality in the seasonal succession of phytoplankton populations in Lawrence Lake, Michigan. Ecology 63: 1729-1739.

Culbreth KL, Esch GW, Kuhn RE. 1972. Growth and development of larval Taenia crassiceps (Cestoda). III. The relationship between larval biomass and the uptake and incorporation of 14C-leucine. Experimental Parasitology 32: 272-281.

Culman SW, Snapp SS, Green JM, Gentry LE. 2013. Short- and Long-Term Labile Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics Reflect Management and Predict Corn Agronomic Performance. Agronomy Journal 105: 493-502.

Culman SW, Snapp SS, Ollenburger M, Basso B, DeHaan LR. 2013. Soil and Water Quality Rapidly Responds to the Perennial Grain Kernza Wheatgrass. Agronomy Journal 105: 735-744.

Cummins KW. 1969. Energy budgets. Michigan State University . Institute of Water Research. Technical Report 7: 31-37.

—. 1971. Energy relations in cladoceran populations. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 90: 101-102.

Cummins KW, Klug MJ, Wetzel RG, Suberkropp KF, Petersen RC, Manny  BA, Wuycheck JC, Howard FO. 1972. Organic enrichment with leaf leachate in experimental lotic ecosystems. BioScience 22: 719-722.

Cummins KW. 1972. What is a river? zoological description. Pages 33-52. River Ecology and the Impact of Man. New York, New York, USA: Academic Press.

—. 1973. Trophic relations of aquatic insects

Annual Review of Entomology 18: 183-203.

Cummins KW, Petersen RC, Howard FO, Wuycheck JC, Holt V. 1973. The utilization of leaf litter by stream detritivores. Ecology 54: 236-345.

Cummins KW. 1974. Structure and function of stream ecosystems. BioScience 24: 631-641.

—. 1975. Macroinvertebrates. Pages 170-198 in Whitton BA, ed. River Ecology. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

—. 1975. The ecology of running waters; theory and practice. Proceedings, Sandusky River Basin Symposium, May 2-3, 1975, Tiffin, Ohio.: 277-293.

—. 1975. The importance of different energy sources in freshwater ecosystems. Pages 50-54. Productivity of World Ecosystems. Seattle, Washington, USA: National Academy of Sciences.

—. 1976. The use of macroinvertebrate benthos in evaluating environmental damage. Pages 139-149. Conference on the Biological Significance of Environmental  Impacts. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Cummins KW, Spengler GL. 1978. Stream ecosystems. Water Spectrum 10: 1-9.

Cummins KW, Klug MJ. 1979. Feeding ecology of stream invertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 10: 147-172.

Cummins KW, Spengler GL, Ward GM, Speaker RM, Ovink  RW, Mahan DC, Mattingly RL. 1980. Processing of confined and naturally entrained leaf litter in a woodland stream ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography 25: 952-957.

Cummins KW, Klug MJ, Ward GM, Spengler GL, Speaker RW, Ovink RW, Mahan DC, Petersen RC. 1981. Trends in particulate organic matter fluxes, community processes and macroinvertebrate functional groups along a Great Lakes drainage basin river continuum. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 21: 841-849.

Cunningham HW, Wetzel RG. 1978. Fulvic acid interferences on ATP determinations in sediments. Limnology and Oceanography 23: 166-173.

Currie DJ, et al. 2004. Predictions and tests of climate-based hypotheses of broad-scale variation in taxonomic richness. Ecology Letters 7: 1121-1134.

Curtis P, Klus DJ, Kalisz S, Tonsor S. 1996. Intraspecific Variation in CO2 Responses in Raphanus raphanistrum and Plantago lanceolata: Assessing the Potential for Evolutionary Change with Rising Atmospheric CO2. Pages 13-22 in Korner C, Bazzazz F, eds. Carbon dioxide, populations, and communities: Academic Press.

Back to Top


Dacey JWH, Klug MJ. 1979. Methane efflux from lake sediments through water lilies. Science 203: 1253-1255.

Dacey JWH. 1980. Internal winds in water lilies: An adaptation for life in anaerobic sediments. Science 210: 1017-1019.

—. 1981. Pressurized ventilation in the yellow waterlily. Ecology 62: 1137-1147.

Dacey JWH, Klug MJ. 1982. Ventilation by floating leaves in Nuphar. American Journal of Botany 69: 999-1003.

—. 1982. Tracer studies of gas circulation in Nuphar: 1802 and 14C02 transport. Physiologia Plantarum 56: 361-366.

Dacey JWH, Drake BG, Klug MJ. 1994. Stimulation of methane emission by carbon dioxide enrichment of marsh vegetation. Nature 370: 47-49.

Dalal RC, Wang W, Robertson GP, Parton WJ. 2003. Nitrous oxide emission from Australian agricultural lands and mitigation options: a review. Australian Journal of Soil Research 41: 165-195.

Dale VH, Lowrance R, Mulholland P, Robertson GP. 2010. Bioenergy sustainability at the regional scale. Ecology and Society 15: Article 23.

Dankert BA, Herms DA, Parry D, Scriber AJM, Haas LA. 1997. Mediation of interspecific competition between folivores through defoliation-induced changes in host quality. Pages 71-88 in A R, ed. Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Feeding Insects in Natural and Man-Made Environments. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhus.

Darcy-Hall TL. 2006. Relative strengths of benthic algal nutrient and grazer limitation along a lake productivity gradient. Oecologia 148: 660-671.

Darcy-Hall TL, Hall SR. 2008. Linking limitation to species composition: importance of inter- and intra-specific variation in grazing resistance. . Oecologia 155: 797-808.

Daroub S, Pierce FJ, Ellis BG. 2000. Phosphorus fractions and fate of phosphorus-33 in soils managed under plowing and no-tillage. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 170-176.

Daroub S, Ellis BG, Robertson GP. 2001. Effect of cropping and low-chemical input systems on soil phosphorus fractions. Soil Science 166: 281-291.

Davies P, Bunn SE, Hamilton SK. 2007. Primary production in tropical streams and rivers in Dudgeon D, ed. Tropical Stream Ecology: Elsevier Science.

Davies PM, Bunn SE, Hamilton SK. 2008. Primary Production in Tropical Streams and Rivers. Tropical Stream Ecology: 23-42.

Davis RM, Cantlon JE. 1969. Effect of size area open to colonization on species composition in early old-field succession. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 96: 660-673.

Davis AS, Renner KA, Gross KL. 2005. Weed seedbank and community shifts in a long-term cropping systems experiment . Weed Science 53: 296-306.

Davis AS, Cardina J, Forcella F, Johnson GA, Kegode G, Lindquist JL, Lusche EC, Renner KA, Sprague CL, Williams MM. 2005. Environmental factors affecting seed persistence of annual weeds across the US corn belt. Weed Science 53: 860-868.

Davis AS, Renner K, Sprague C, Dyer L, Mutch D. 2005. Integrated Weed Management: One Year's Seeding. East Lansing, Michigan, USA: Michigan State University Extension E-2931.

Davis AS, Kathleen AI, Hallett SG, Renner KA. 2006. Weed seed mortality in soils with contrasting agricultural management histories. Weed Science 54: 291-297.

Dazzo F, Wopereis J. 2000. Unraveling the infection process in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis by microscopy. Pages 295-347 in Triplett E, ed. Prokaryotic Nitrogen Fixation: A Model System for the Analysis of a Biological Process. Wymondham, UK: Horizon Scientific Press.

Dazzo FB. 2004. New CMEIAS image analysis software for computer-assisted microscopy of microorganisms and their ecology. . Microscopy Today 12: 18-23

—. 2004. Applications of quantitative microscopy in studies of plant surface microbiology. Pages 503-550 in Varma A, Abbott L, Werner D, Hampp R, eds. Plant Surface Microbiology. Germany: Springer Verlag.

—. 2004. Production of anti-microbial antibodies and their utilization in studies of microbial autecology by immunofluorescence microscopy and in situ CMEIAS image analysis. Pages 911-932 in Kowalchuk GA, deBruijn F, Head I, Akkermans A, Elsas J, eds. Molecular Microbial Ecology Manual, 2nd ed. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.

Dazzo FB, Gao L. 2005. CMEIAS v. 1.28 Help User Manual. East Lansing, Michigan, USA: Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University.

De Gryze S, Six J, Paustian K, Morris SJ, Paul EA, Merckx R. 2004. Soil organic carbon pool changes following land-use conversions. Global Change Biology 10: 1120-1132.

De Roo RD, Du Y, Ulaby FT, Dobson MC. 2001. A semi-empirical backscattering model at L-band and C-band for a soybean canopy with soil moisture inversion. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 39: 864-872.

de Roos AM, Leonardsson K, Persson L, Mittelbach GG. 2002. Ontogenetic niche shifts and flexible behavior in size-structured populations. Ecological Monographs 72: 271-292.

DeJong RJ, Muzzall PM. 2000. Hematozoa of Waterfowl in Michigan. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 36: 767-773.

DeMott WR, Tessier AJ. 2002. Stochiometric constaints versus algal defenses: Testing mechanisms of zooplankton food limitation. Ecology 83: 3426-3433.

DeMott WR, Edington JR, Tessier AJ. 2004. Testing zooplankton food limitaiton across gradients of dept and productivity in small…. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1408-1416.

DeMott WR, Pape BJ, Tessier AJ. 2004. Patterns and sources of variation in Daphnia P-balance in nature. Aquatic Ecology 38: 433-440.

DeMott WR, Pape BJ. 2005. Stoichiometry in an ecological context:testing for links between Daphnia P-content, growth rate and habitatpreference. Oecologia 142: 20-27.

DeMott WR, McKinney EN, Tessier AJ. 2010. Ontogeny of digestion in Daphnia: implications for the effectiveness of  algal defenses. . Ecology 91: 540-548.

Desmarais KH. 1997. Keeping Daphnia out of the surface film with cetyl alcohol. Journal of Plankton Research 19: 149-154.

Desmarais KH, Tessier AJ. 1999. Performance trade-off across a natural resource gradient. Oecologia 120: 137-146.

Dethlefsen L, Schmidt  TM. 2005. Differences in codon bias cannot explain differences in translational power among microbes. BMC Bioinformatics 6: 1471-2105.

Devries DR, Stein RA, Miner JG, Mittelbach GG. 1991. Stocking threadfin shad - consequences for young-of-year fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120: 368-381.

Diacono M, Castrignano A, Troccoli A, De Benedetto D, Basso B, Rubino P. 2012. Spatial and temporal variability of wheat grain yield and quality in a Mediterranean environment: A multivariate geostatistical approach. Field Crops Research 131: 49-62.

Dickerman JA, Wetzel RG. 1985. Clonal growth in Typha latifolia: population dynamics and demography of the ramets. Journal of Ecology 73: 535-552.

Dickerman JA, Stewart AJ, Wetzel RG. 1986. Estimates of net annual above-ground production sensitivity to sampling frequency. Ecology 67: 650-659.

Dickson TL, Gross KL. 2013. Plant community responses to long-term fertilization: changes in functional group abundance drive changes in species richness. Oecologia 173: 1513-1520.

Dickson TL, Mittelbach GG, Reynolds HL, Gross KL. 2014. Height and clonality traits determine plant community responses to fertilization. Ecology 95: 2443-2452.

Dittmar EL, Oakley CG, Agren J, Schemske DW. 2014. Flowering time QTL in natural populations of Arabidopsis thaliana and implications for their adaptive value. Molecular Ecology 23: 4291-4303.

Dodds WK, et al. 2002. N uptake as a function of concentration in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21: 206-220.

Dodds WK. 2004. Carbon and nitrogen stoichiometry and nitrogen cycling rates in streams. Oecologia 140: 458-467.

Dodds WK, et al. 2014. You are not always what we think you eat: selective assimilation across multiple whole-stream isotopic tracer studies. Ecology 95: 2757-2767.

Doll JE, Brink GE, Cates RL, Jackson RD. 2009. Effects of Native Grass Restoration Management on Above- and Belowground Pasture Production and Forage Quality. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 33: 512-527.

Doll JE, Haubensak KA, Bouressa EL, Jackson RD. 2011. Testing Disturbance, Seeding Time, and Soil Amendments for Establishing Native Warm-Season Grasses in Non-Native Cool-Season Pasture. Restoration Ecology Special Issue: 1-8

Domingo JWS, Kaufman MG, Klug MJ, Tiedje JM. 1998. Characterization of the cricket hindgut microbiota with fluorescently labeled rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 752-755.

Dorais FJ, Esch GW. 1969. Growth rate of two Taenia crassiceps strains. Experimental Parasitology 25: 395-398.

Dorn NJ, Mittelbach GG. 1999. More than predator and prey: A review of interactions between fish and crayfish. Vie Et Milieu 49: 229-237.

Dorn NJ, Cronin G, Lodge DM. 2001. Feeding preferences and performance of an aquatic lepidopteran on macrophytes: plant hosts as food and habitat. Oecologia 128: 406-415.

Dorn NJ, Wojdak JM. 2004. The role of omnivorous crayfish in littoral communities. Oecologia 140: 150-159.

Dorn NJ, Mittelbach GG. 2004. Effects of a native crayfish (Orconectes virilis) on the reproductive success and nesting behavior of sunfish (Lepomis spp.) . Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61: 2135-2143.

Downing AL, Leibold MA. 2002. Ecosystem consequences of species richness and composition in pond food webs. Nature 416: 837-841.

Downing AL. 2005. Relative effects of species composition and richness on ecosystem properties in ponds. Ecology 86: 701-715.

Downing AL, Wootton J. 2005. Trophic position, biotic context, and abiotic factors determine species contributions to ecosystem functioning. Pages 295-308 in Ruiter P, Moore J, V W, eds. Dynamic Food Webs: Multispecies assemblages, ecosystem development, and environmental change. Amsterdam: Academic Press.

Downing AL, Leibold MA. 2010. Species richness facilitates ecosystem resilience in aquatic food webs. Freshwater Biology 55: 2123-2137.

Downing AL, Brown BL, Leibold MA. 2014. Multiple diversity-stability mechanisms enhance population and community stability in aquatic food webs. Ecology 95: 173-184.

Drinkwater LE, Snapp SS. 2007. Nutrients in agroecosystems: Rethinking the management paradigm. Advances in Agronomy 92: 163-186.

Dubois NS, Getty T. 2003. Empty nests do not affect female mate choice or maternal investment in house wrens. Condor 105: 382-387.

Dubois NS, Kennedy ED, Getty T. 2006. Surplus nest boxes and the potential for polygyny affect clutch size and offspring sex ratios in house wrens. Proceedings of the Royal Society B- Biological Sciences 273: 1751-1757.

Dudycha JL, Tessier AJ. 1999. Natural genetic variation if lifespan reproduction and juvenile growth in Daphnia. Evolution 53: 1744-1756.

Dudycha JL. 2001. The senescence of Daphnia from risky and safe habitats. . Ecology Letters 4: 102-105.

—. 2003. A multi-environment comparison of senescence between sister species of Daphnia. Oecologia 135: 555-563.

—. 2004. Mortality dynamics of Daphnia in contrasting habitats and their role in ecological divergence. Freshwater Biology 49: 505-514.

Dudycha JL, Snoke-Smith M, Alia R. 2013. Correlated responses to clonal selection in populations of Daphnia pulicaria: mechanisms of genetic correlation and the creative power of sex. Ecology and Evolution 3: 204-216.

Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Kosnik MA. 2004. Testing the ecological relevance of Daphnia species designations. Freshwater Biology 49: 55-64.

Duffy MA, Hall SR, Tessier AJ, Huebner M. 2005. Selective predators and their parasitized prey: Are epidemics in zooplankton under top-down control? Limnology and Oceanography 50: 412-420.

Duffy MA, Sivars-Becker L. 2007. Rapid evolution and ecological host-parasite dynamics. . Ecology Letters 10: 44-53.

Duffy MA. 2007. Selective predation, parasitism, and trophic cascades in a bluegill- Daphnia-parasite system. Oecologia 153: 453-460.

Duffy MA, Hall SR. 2008. Selective predation and rapid evolution can jointly dampen effects of virulent parasites on Daphnia Populations. American Naturalist 171: 499-510

Duffy MA, Brassil CE, Hall SR, Tessier AJ, Cáceres CE, Conner JK. 2008. Parasite-mediated disruptive selection in a natural Daphnia population. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8: Article Number: 80.

Duffy MA. 2009. Staying alive: The post-consumption fate of parasite spores and its implications for disease dynamics. Limnology and Oceanography. 54: 770-773.

Duffy MA, Hall SR, Cáceres CE, Ives AR. 2009. Rapid evolution, seasonality, and the termination of parasite epidemics. Ecology 90: 1441-1448.

Duffy MA. 2010. Ecological consequences of intraspecific variation in lake Daphnia. Freshwater Biology 55: 995-1004.

Duffy MA, Cáceres C, E., Hall S, R., Tessier A, J., Ives AR. 2010. Temporal, spatial, and between-host comparisons of patterns of parasitism in lake zooplankton. Ecology 91: 3322-3331.

Duffy MA, Ochs JH, Penczykowski RM, Civitello DJ, Klausmeier CA, Hall SR. 2012. Ecological Context Influences Epidemic Size and Parasite-Driven Evolution. Science 335: 1636-1638.

Duke CS, Pouyat RV, Robertson GP, Parton WJ. 2013. Ecological dimensions of biofuels. Issues in Ecology 17 1-17.

Dwyer G. 2005. Should Models of Disease Dynamics in Herbivorous Insects Include the Effects of Variability in Host-Plant Foliage Quality? American Naturalist 165: 16-31.

Dzialowski AR, Lennon JT, Smith VH. 2007. Food web structure provides biotic resistance against plankton invasion attempts. Biological Invasions 9: 257-267.

Dzotsi KA, Basso B, Jones JW. 2013. Development, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of the simple SALUS crop model in DSSAT. Ecological Modelling 260: 62-76.

Back to Top


Eagle AJ, Henry LR, Olander LP, Haygen-Kozyra K, Millar N, Robertson GP. 2010 Greenhouse gas mitigation potential of agricultural land management in the United States. Durham, North Carolina: Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions.

Eash NS, Stahl PD, Parkin TB, Karlen DL. 1996. A simplified method for extraction of ergosterol from soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60: 468-471.

Ebert-May D, Williams KS, Weber EP, Hodder J, Luckie D. 2004. Practicing scientific inquiry: what are the rules? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2: 492-493.

Edwards KF, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2011. Evidence for a three-way trade-off between nitrogen and phosphorus competitive abilities and cell size in phytoplankton. Ecology 92: 2085-2095.

Edwards KF, Thomas MK, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2012. Allometric scaling and taxonomic variation in nutrient utilization traits and maximum growth rate of phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 57: 554-566.

Edwards KF, Litchman E, Klausmeier CA. 2013. Functional traits explain phytoplankton community structure and seasonal dynamics in a marine ecosystem. Ecology Letters 16: 56-63.

Edwards KF, Litchman E, Klausmeier CA.  2013. Functional traits explain phytoplankton responses to environmental gradients across lakes of the United States. Ecology 94: 1626-1635.

Edwards KF, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2013. A Three-Way Trade-Off Maintains Functional Diversity under Variable Resource Supply. American Naturalist 182: 786-800.

Ehlinger TJ, Wilson DS. 1988. Complex foraging polymorphism in bluegill sunfish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 85: 1878-1882.

Ehlinger TJ. 1989. Learning and individual variation in bluegill foraging: habitat-specific techniques. Animal Behaviour 38: 643-658.

—. 1989. Foraging mode switches in the golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46: 1250-1254.

—. 1990. Habitat choice and phenotype-limited feeding efficiency in bluegill: individual differences and trophic polymorphism. Ecology 71: 886-896.

—. 1991. Allometry and analysis of morphometric variation in the bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus. Copeia 1991: 347-357.

Eichorst SA, Breznak JA, Schmidt TM. 2007. Isolation and characterization of soil bacteria that define Teniglobus gen. nov., in the phylum Acidobacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73: 2708-2717.

Eilts JA, Mittelbach GG, Reynolds HL, Gross KL. 2011. Resource Heterogeneity, Soil Fertility, and Species Diversity. American Naturalist 177: 574-588.

Elliott ET, et al. 1994. Terrestrial carbon pools and dynamics: preliminary data from the corn belt and Great Plains. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication 35: 179-191.

Elwadie ME, Pierce FJ, Qi J. 2005. Remote sensing of canopy dynamics and biophysical variables estimation of corn in Michigan. Agronomy Journal 97: 99-105.

Emery SM, Gross KL, Suding KN. 2003. Summer burning bests controls spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa) populations in a Midwest prairie restoration. Ecological Restoration 21: 137-138.

Emery SM, Gross KL. 2005. Effects of timing of prescribed fire on the demography of an invasive plant, Centaurea maculosa spotted knapweed. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 60-69.

—. 2006. Dominant species identity regulates invasibility of old-field plant communities. Oikos 115: 549-558.

—. 2007. Dominant species identity, not community evenness, regulates invasion in experimental grassland plant communities. Ecology 88 954-964.

Emery SM. 2007. Limiting similarity between invaders and dominant species in herbaceous plant communities? Journal of Ecology 95: 1027-1035.

Eminson D, Moss B. 1980. The composition and ecology of periphyton communities in freshwaters. I. The influence of host type and external environment on community composition. British Phycological Journal 15: 429-446.

Esch GW, Kocan RM. 1966. Teloporia (Trematoda: Pronocephalidae) from an amphibian. Journal of Parasitology 52: 497.

Esch GW, Gibbons JW. 1967. Seasonal incidence of parasitism in the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta marginata Agassiz. Journal of Parasitology 53: 818-821.

Esch GW. 1968. Studies on carbohydrates in tissues and coenurus fluid of larval Taenia multiceps from normal and alloxanized mice. Parasitology 58: 619-623.

—. 1969. Taenia crassiceps: insulin and carbohydrate metabolism in larval forms. Experimental Parasitology 25: 210-216.

—. 1971. Impact of ecological succession on the parasite fauna in Centrachids from oligotrophic and eutrophic ecosystems. American Midland Naturalist 86: 160-168.

Esch GW, Huffines WJ. 1973. Histopathology associated with endoparasitic helminths in bass. Journal of Parasitology 59: 306-319.

Esch GW, Gibbons JW, Bourque JE. 1975. An analysis of the relationship between stress and parasitism. American Midland Naturalist 93: 339-353.

Esch GW, Johnson WC, Coggins JR. 1975. Studies on the population biology of Proteocephalus ambloplitis (Cestoda) in the smallmouth bass. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 55: 122-127.

Esch GW, Campbell GC, Conners RE, Coggins JR. 1976. Recruitment of helminth parasites by bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus) using a modified live-box technique. Transactions  of the American Fisheries Society 105: 486-490.

Esch GW, Smyth JD. 1976. Studies on the in vitro culture of Taenia crassiceps. International Journal of Parasitology 6: 143-149.

Esch GW, Hazen TC. 1982. Studies on the seasonal dynamics of Crepidostomum cooperi in the burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia limbata. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 49: 1-7.

Esch GW, Hazen TC, Marcogliese DJ, Goater TM, Crews AE. 1986. A long-term study on the population biology of Crepidostomum cooperi (Trematoda: Allocreadidae) in the burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeroptera). American Midland Naturalist 116: 304-314.

Estell RE, Utsumi SA, Cibils AF, Anderson DM. 2014. Is Differential Use of Juniperus monosperma by Small Ruminants Driven by Terpenoid Concentration? Journal of Chemical Ecology 40: 285-293.

Evans JA, Davis AS, Raghu S, Ragavendran A, Landis DA, Schemske DW. 2012. The importance of space, time, and stochasticity to the demography and management of Alliaria petiolata. Ecological Applications 22: 1497-1511.

Back to Top


Fageria NK, Scriber JM. 2001. The role of essential nutrients and minerals in insect resistance in crop plants. Pages 23-54 in Anathakrishnan T, ed. Insects and Plant Defense Dynamics. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IHB.

Fahey T, Bledsoe CS, Day F, Reuss R, Smucker AJM. 1999. Fine root production and demography. Pages 437-455 in Robertson GP BC, Coleman DC, Sollins P, ed. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fantin-Cruz I, Pedrollo O, Castro NMR, Girard P, Zeilhofer P, Hamilton SK. 2011. Historical reconstruction of floodplain inundation in the Pantanal (Brazil) using neural networks. . Journal of Hydrology 399: 376-384.

Farber S, et al. 2006. Linking Ecology and Economics for Ecosystem Management. BioScience 56: 121-133.

Fast AW, Moss B, Wetzel RG. 1973. Effects of artificial aeration on the chemistry and algae of two Michigan lakes. Water Resources Research 9: 624-647.

Fast AW, Wetzel RG. 1974. A close-interval fractionator for sediment cores. Ecology 55: 202-204.

Feitian Z, Jianxun W, Thon J, Thon C, Litchman E, Xiaobo T.  2014. Gliding robotic fish for mobile sampling of aquatic environments. Proceedings of the 11th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, ICNSC 2014: 167-172.

Fenster CB, Marten-Rodriguez S, Schemske DW. 2009. Pollination Syndromes and the Evolution of Floral Diversity in Iochroma (Solanaceae). Evolution 63: 2758-2762.

Ferrao ADS, DeMott WR, Tessier AJ. 2005. Responses of tropical cladocerans to a gradient of resource quality. Freshwater Biology 50: 954-964.

Ferrão AD, Tessier AJ, DeMott WR. 2007. Sensitivity of herbivorous zooplankton to phosphorus deficient diets:Testing stoichiometric theory and the growth rate hypothesis. Limnology and Oceanography 52: 407-415.

Field R, et al. 2009. Spatial species-richness gradients across scales: a meta-analysis. Journal of Biogeography 36: 132-147.

Fierer N, Lennon JT. 2011. The generation and maintenance of diversity in microbial communities. American Journal of Botany 98: 439-448

Findlay S, et al. 2002. A cross-system comparison of bacterial and fungal biomass in detritus pools of headwater streams. Microbial Ecology 43: 55-66.

Findlay SEG, et al. 2011. Cross-stream comparison of substrate-specific denitrification potential. Biogeochemistry 104: 381-392.

Fiorentino C, Tarantino C, Pasquariello G, Basso B. 2011. Improved method for discriminating agricultural crops using geostatistics and remote sensing. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 5.

Fisher M, Snapp S. 2014. Smallholder Farmers' Perceptions of Drought Risk and Adoption of Modern Maize in Southern Malawi. Experimental Agriculture 50: 533-548.

Fitzstephans DM, Getty T. 2000. Colour, fat and social status in male damselflies, calopteryx maculata. Animal Behaviour 60: 851-855.

Fletcher RJ, Robertson BA, Evans J, Doran PJ, Alavalapati JRR, Schemske DW. 2011. Biodiversity conservation in the era of biofuels: risks and opportunities. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 161-168.

Folgate LA, Scheiner SM. 1992. Distribution of a restricted locally abundant species: effects of competition and nutrients on Coreopsis lanceolata. American Midland Naturalist 128: 254-269.

Follett R, et al. 2011. Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities. Ames, Iowa: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology(CAST).

Folt C, Schulze PC, Baumgartner K. 1993. Characterizing a zooplankton neighbourhood: small-scale patterns of association and abundance. Freshwater Biology 30: 289-300.

Ford HG. 1959. Boydaia tyrannis n. sp. (Acarina: Speleognathidae), a new mite from the nasal cavity of the eastern kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus (Linnaeus). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 78: 379-385.

—. 1961. Ptilonyssus constrictus, a new species of avian nasal mite (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae). Acarologia 3: 139-146.

—. 1962. Speleognathopsis michigensis (Acarina: Speleognathidae), a new species of nasal mite from the meadow mouse, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 81: 104-105.

Forsberg C, Morling G, Wetzel RG. 1985. Indications of the capacity for rapid reversibility of lake acidification. Ambio 14: 164-166.

Fortuna AM, Harwood RR, Kizilkaya K, Paul EA. 2003. Optimizing nutrient availability and carbon sequestration in an agroecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35: 1005-1013.

Fortuna AM, Paul EA, Harwood RR. 2003. The effects of compost and crop rotations on carbon turnover in the particulate organic matter fraction. Soil Science 168: 434-444.

Fortuna AM, Harwood RR, Robertson GP, Fisk JW, Paul EA. 2003. Seasonal changes in nitrification potential associated with application of N fertilizer and compost in maize systems of southwest Michigan. Agriculture Ecosystems and the Environment 97: 285-293.

Foster BL, Gross KL. 1997. Partitioning the effects of plant biomass and litter on Andropogon gerardi in old-field vegetation. Ecology 78: 2091-2104.

—. 1998. Species richness in a successional grassland: effects of nitrogen enrichment and plant litter. Ecology 79: 2593-2602.

—. 1999. Temporal and spatial patterns of woody plant establishment in Michigan  old feilds. American Midland Naturalist 142: 229-243.

Foster BL. 1999. Establishment, competition and the distribution of native grasses among Michigan old-fields. Journal of Ecology 87: 476 - 489.

Foster DR, Hall B, Barry S, Clayden S, Parshall T. 2002 Cultural, environmental and historical controls of vegetation patterns and the modern conservation setting on the island of Martha's Vineyard, USA. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1381-1400.

Fox LL, Kuhn RE, Esch GW. 1971. Taenia crassiceps: antigenic comparison of two larval strains. Experimental Parasitology 29: 194-196.

Fox  TB, Landis DA, Cardoso FF, Difonzo CD. 2005. Impact of predation on establishment of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines in soybean, Glycine max. BioControl 50: 545-563.

Fradkin SC. 1995. Effects of interference and exploitative competition from large-bodied cladocerans on rotifer community structure. Hydrobiologia 313-314: 387-393.

Francis CR, Poincelot CR, Bird GW, eds. 2006. Developing and Extending Sustainable Agriculture: A New Social Contract Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.

Francko DA, Wetzel RG. 1980. Cyclic adenosine-3':5'-monophosphate: Production and extracellular release from green and blue-green algae. Physiologia Plantarum 49: 65-67.

—. 1981. Synthesis and release of cyclic adenosine 3':5' monophosphate by aquatic macrophytes. Physiologia Plantarum 52: 33-36.

—. 1981. Dynamics of cellular and extracellular cAMP in Anabaena flos-aquae (Cyanophyta): intrinsic culture variability and correlation with metabolic variables. Journal of Phycology 17: 129-134.

—. 1982. The isolation of cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP) from lakes of differing trophic status: Correlation with planktonic metabolic variables. Limnology and Oceanography 27: 27-38.

Francko DA, Heath RT. 1982. UV-sensitive complex phosphorus: association with dissolved humic material and iron in a bog lake. Limnology and Oceanography 27: 564-569.

Francko DA, Wetzel RG. 1982. Production and release of cyclic AMP by Daphnia pulex: implications of grazing activity. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 1: 365-371.

—. 1984. Physiological ecology of cyclic adenosine 3': 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) in vascular aquatic plants. I. in situ dynamics and relationship to primary production in a hardwater lake. Aquatic Botany 19: 13-22.

—. 1984. Physiological ecology of cyclic adenosine 3': 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) in vascular aquatic plants. II. cAMP as a modulator of carbon assimilation. Aquatic Botany 19: 23-36.

Franks SJ, Avise JC, Bradshaw WE, Conner JK, Etterson JR, Mazer SJ, Shaw RG, Weis AE. 2008. The resurrection initiative: storing ancestral genotypes to capture evolution in action. BioScience 58: 870-873.

Freckman DW, Ettema CH. 1993. Assesing nematode communities in agroecosystems of varying human intervention. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 45: 239-261.

Fuller E, Elderd BD, Dwyer G. 2012. Pathogen Persistence in the Environment and Insect-Baculovirus Interactions: Disease-Density Thresholds, Epidemic Burnout, and Insect Outbreaks. American Naturalist 179: E70-E96.

Fuller RC. 1998. Sperm competition affects male behaviour and sperm output in the rainbow darter. Proceeding of the Royal Society of London -B 265: 2365-2371.

—. 1998. Fecundity estimates for rainbow darters, Ehteostoma caerulem, in southwest Michigan. Ohio Journal of Science 98: 2-5.

Fuller R. 1999. Costs of group spawning to guarding males in the Rainbow Darter, Etheostoma caeruleum. Copeia 4: 1084-1088.

Fuller RC. 2003. Disentangling female mate choice and male competition in the rainbow darter, Etheostoma caeruleum. Copeia 1: 138-148.

Back to Top


Gage SH, Isard SA, Colunga-Garcia M. 1999. Ecological scaling of aerobiological dispersal processes. Agricultural and Forest Meterorology 97: 249-261.

Gage SH, Colunga-Garcia M, Helly JJ, Safir GR, Momin A. 2001. Structural design for management and visualization of information for simulation models applied to a regional scale. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 33: 77-84.

Gage SH, Gosz JR, Michener W. 2002. Site to regional scaling. Pages 37-41 in Withey A, Michener W, Tooby P, eds. Scalable Information Networks for the Environment. San Diego, California, USA: San Diego Supercomputer Center.

Gage SH. 2003. Climate variability in the North Central Region: Characterizing drought severity patterns. Pages 56-73 in Greenland D, Goodin D, Smith R, eds. Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long Term Ecological Research Sites. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Gallagher ME, Hockaday WC, Masiello CA, Snapp S, McSwiney CP, Baldock JA. 2011. Biochemical Suitability of Crop Residues for Cellulosic Ethanol: Disincentives to Nitrogen Fertilization in Corn Agriculture. Environmental Science & Technology 45: 2013-2020

Gallagher ME, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Baldock JA, Snapp S, McSwiney CP. 2014. Controls on the oxidative ratio of net primary production in agricultural ecosystems. Biogeochemistry.

Gantner S, Schmid M, Durr C, Schuhegger R, Steidle A, Hutzler P, Langebartels C, Eberl L, Hartmann A, Dazzo FB. 2006. In situ quantitation of the spatial scale of calling distances and population density-independent N-acylhomoserine lactone-mediated communication by rhizobacteria colonized on plant roots. . FEMS Microbiology Ecology 56: 188-194.

Gao J, Hao XM, Thelen KD, Robertson GP. 2009. Agronomic Management System and Precipitation Effects on Soybean Oil and Fatty Acid Profiles. Crop Science 49: 1049-1057

Garcia EA, Mittelbach GG. 2008. Regional coexistence and local dominance in Chaoborus: Species sorting along a predation gradient. Ecology 89: 1703-1713.

Garrison MV, Batchelor WD, Kanwar RS, Ritchie JT. 1999. Evaluation of the CERES-Maize water and nitrogen balances under tile-drained conditions. Agricultural Systems 62: 189-199.

Geddes P. 2009. Decoupling carbon effects and UV protection from terrestrial subsidies on pond zooplankton. Hydrobiologia 628: 47-66.

Geedey CK, Tessier AJ, Machledt K. 1996. Habitat heterogeneity, environmental change, and the clonal structure of Daphnia populations. Functional Ecology 10: 613-621.

Gelfand I, Snapp SS, Robertson GP. 2010. Energy Efficiency of Conventional, Organic, and Alternative Cropping Systems for Food and Fuel at a Site in the US Midwest. Environmental Science & Technology 44: 4006-4011.

Gelfand I, Zenone T, Jasrotia P, Chen JQ, Hamilton SK, Robertson GP. 2011. Carbon debt of  Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grasslands converted to bioenergy production. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 13864-13869.

Gelfand I, Sahajpal R, Zhang XS, Izaurralde RC, Gross KL, Robertson GP. 2013. Sustainable bioenergy production from marginal lands in the US Midwest. Nature 493: 514-+.

Geml  J, Davis DD, Geiser DM. 2005. Systematics of the genus Sphaerobolus based on molecular and morphological data, with the description of Sphaerobolus ingoldii sp nov. Mycologia 97: 680-694.

Gentry LE, Snapp SS, Price RF, Gentry LF. 2013. Apparent Red Clover Nitrogen Credit to Corn: Evaluating Cover Crop Introduction. Agronomy Journal 105: 1658-1664.

Gerrish GA, Cáceres EC. 2003. Genetic versus environmental influence on pigment variation in the ephippia of Daphnia pulicaria. Freshwater Biology 48: 1971-1982.

Getter KL, Rowe DB, Robertson GP, Cregg BM, Andresen JA. 2009. Carbon Sequestration Potential of Extensive Green Roofs. Environmental Science & Technology 43: 7564-7570.

Getty T. 1987. Crypsis, mimicry, and switching: the basic similarity of superficially different analyses. American Naturalist 130: 793-797.

—. 1989. Are dear enemies in a war of attrition? Animal Behaviour 37: 337-339.

—. 1990. Are cliff swallows risk-sensitive, or mean-rate maximizing? Animal Behaviour 39: 1214-1216.

Getty T, Pulliam HR. 1991. Random prey detection with pause-travel search. American Naturalist 138: 1459-1477.

Getty T. 1993. Search tactics and frequency-dependent prey detection. American Naturalist 141: 804-811.

Getty T, Pulliam HR. 1993. Search and prey detection by foraging sparrows. Ecology 74: 734-742.

Getty T. 1993. Search tactics and frequency-dependent prey detection (vol.141, pg 804-811, 1993). American Naturalist 142: 736.

Getty T, Capaldi EA. 1994. Inheritance of rank requires inheritance of social environment. Animal Behaviour 48: 982-983.

Getty T. 1995. Search, discrimination, and selection: mate choice by pied flycatchers. American Naturalist 145: 146-154.

—. 1996. The Maintenance of phenotoypic plasticity as a signal detection problem. American Naturalist 148: 378-385.

—. 1996. Mate selection by repeated inspection: more on pied flycatchers. Animal Behaviour 51: 739-745.

—. 1998. Handicap signalling:  when fecundity and viability do not add up. Animal Behaviour 56: 127-130.

—. 1998. Reliable signalling need not be a handicap. Animal Behaviour 56: 253-255.

—. 1998. Beauty and the Bart Simpson effect. Ohio Journal of Science 98: 2-5.

—. 1999. What do experimental studies tell us about group selection in nature? American Naturalist 154: 596-598.

—. 1999. Chase-away sexual selection as noisy reliable signaling. Evolution 53: 299-302.

—. 1999. Beauty and the Bart Simpson effect. Nature 397: 14-14.

—. 2000. A constrained view of constraints. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 249.

—. 2002. The Discriminating Babbler meets the Optimal-Diet Hawk. Animal Behaviour 63: 397-402.

—. 2002. Signaling health versus parasites. American Naturalist 159: 363-371.

—. 2004. A kind man benefits himself - but how? Evolutionary models of human food sharing. Behavioral & Brain Sciences 27: 563+.

—. 2006. Sexually selected signals are not similar to sports handicaps. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21: 83-88.

—. 2007. In evolutionary games, enlightened self-interests are still ultimately self-interests. Behavioral & Brain Sciences 30: 25+.

Gibbons JW. 1967. Variation in growth rates in three populations of the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. Herpetologica 23: 296-303.

—. 1967. Possible underwater thermoregulation by turtles. Canadian Journal of Zoology 45: 585.

—. 1968. Carapacial algae in a population of the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. American Midland Naturalist 79: 517-519.

—. 1968. Reproductive potential, activity, and cycles in the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. Ecology 49: 399-409.

—. 1968. Population structure and survivorship in the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. Copeia 1968: 260-268.

—. 1968. Observations on the ecology and population dynamics of the Blanding's turtle, Emydoidea blandingi. Canadian Journal of Zoology 46: 288-290.

Gibbons JW, Nelson SJ. 1968. Observations on the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus, in a Michigan lake. American Midland Naturalist 80: 562-564.

Gibbons JW. 1968. Growth rates of the common snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina, in a polluted river. Herpetologica 24: 266-267.

Gibbons JW, Tinkle DR. 1969. Reproductive variation between turtle populations in a single geographic area. Ecology 50: 340-341.

Gibbons JW. 1970. Sex ratios in turtles. Researches on Population Ecology 12: 252-254.

Gilliam JF, Green RF, Pearson NE. 1982. The fallacy of the traffic policeman: a response to Templeton and Lawlor. American Naturalist 119: 875-878.

Gillis WT. 1976. Additions and corrections to the Bahama flora - III. Phytologia 35: 79-100.

—. 1977. Unique setting of Roystonea in the Bahamas. Principes 21: 109-113.

—. 1977. Pluchea revisited. Taxon 26: 587-591.

—. 1977. Remarks on the botany and statistics of the Bahama Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 219: 12-16.

Giola P, Basso B, Pruneddu G, Giunta F, Jones JW. 2012. Impact of manure and slurry applications on soil nitrate in a maize-triticale rotation: Field study and long term simulation analysis. European Journal of Agronomy 38: 43-53.

Girard P, Fantin-Cruz I, de Oliveira SML, Hamilton SK. 2010. Small-scale spatial variation of inundation dynamics in a floodplain of the Pantanal (Brazil). Hydrobiologia 638: 223-233.

Gleeson SK, Wilson DS. 1986. Equilibrium diet: optimal foraging and prey coexistence. Oikos 46: 139-144.

Gleeson SK. 1987. Fitness, reproductive value, and Cole's result. Oikos 48: 116-119.

Glime JM. 1980. Northern calciphilic mosses in the Lawrence Lake fen and marsh. (Barry Co., Michigan). The Michigan Botanist 19: 91-92.

Glime JM, Wetzel RG, Kennedy BJ. 1982. The effects of bryophytes on succession from alkaline marsh to sphagnum bog. American Midland Naturalist 108: 209-223.

Glover JD, et al. 2010. Increased Food and Ecosystem Security via Perennial Grains. Science 328: 1638-1639

Godshalk GL, Wetzel RG. 1977. Decomposition of macrophytes and the metabolism of organic matter in sediments. Pages 258-264 in Golterman HL, ed. Interactions Between Sediments and Fresh Water. The Hague, Netherlands: Junk.

—. 1978. Decomposition in the littoral zone of lakes. Pages 131-143 in Good RE, Whigham  DF, Simpson RL, eds. Freshwater Wetlands: Ecological Processes and Management Potential. New York, New York, USA: Academic Press.

—. 1978. Decomposition of aquatic angiosperms. I. Dissolved components. Aquatic Botany 5: 281-300.

—. 1978. Decomposition of aquatic angiosperms. II. Particulated components. Aquatic Botany 5: 301-327.

—. 1978. Decomposition of aquatic angiosperms. III. Zostera marina L. and a conceptual model of decomposition. Aquatic Botany 5: 329-354.

—. 1984. Accumulation of sediment organic matter in a hardwater lake with reference to lake ontogeny. Bulletin of Marine Science 35: 576-586.

Goldberg DE, Werner PA. 1983. Equivalence of competitors in plant communities: a null hypothesis and a field experimental approach. American Journal of Botany 70: 1098-1104.

—. 1983. Effects of size of opening in vegetation and litter cover on seedling establishment of goldenrods (Solidago spp.). Oecologia 60: 149-155.

Goldberg DE. 1985. Effects of soil pH, competition, and seed predation on the distributions of two tree species. Ecology 66: 503-511.

Goldberg DE, Fleetwood L. 1987. Competitive effect and response in four annual plants. Journal of Ecology 75: 1131-1143.

Goldberg DE. 1987. Neighborhood competition in an old-field plant community. Ecology 68: 1211-1223.

—. 1987. Seedling colonization of experimental gaps in two old-field communities. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 114: 139-148.

Goldberg DE, Gross KL. 1988. Disturbance regimes of midsuccessional old fields. Ecology 69: 1677-1688.

Goldberg DE. 1988. Response of Solidago canadensis clones to competition. Oecologia 77: 357-364.

Goldberg DE, Miller TE. 1990. Effects of different resource additions on species diversity in an annual plant community. Ecology 71: 213-225.

Golubski AJ, Gross KL, Mittelbach GG. 2008. Competition among plant species that interact with their environment at different spatial scales. Proceeding of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences 275: 1897-1906

Golubski AJ, Klausmeier CA. 2010. Control in mutualisms Combined implications of partner choice and bargaining roles. Journal of Theoretical Biology 267: 535-545.

Golubski AJ, Gross KL, Mittelbach GG. 2010. Recycling-Mediated Facilitation and Coexistence Based on Plant Size. American Naturalist 176: 588-600.

Gomez P, Gurevitch J. 1998. Weed community responses in a corn-soybean intercrop. Applied Vegetation Science 1: 281-288.

Gonzalez MJ, Tessier AJ. 1997. Habitat segregation  and interactive effects of multiple predators on a prey assemblage. Freshwater Biology 38: 179-191.

Gonzalez M. 1998. Spatial segregation between rotifers and cladocerans mediated by Chaoborus. Hydrobiologia 388: 427-436.

Goodfriend WL, Olsen MW, Frye RJ. 1998. Decomposition of seawater-irrigated halophytes: Implications for potential carbon storage. Plant and Soil 202: 241-250.

Goodfriend WL. 1998. Microbial community patterns of potential substrate utilization: A comparison of salt marsh, sand dune, and seawater-irrigated agronomic systems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30: 1169-1176.

Gough L, Osenberg CW, Gross KL, Collins SL. 2000. Fertilization effects on species density and primary productivity in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos 89: 428- 439.

Gough L, Gross KL, Cleland EE, Clark CM, Collins SL, Fargione JE, Pennings SC, Suding KN. 2012. Incorporating clonal growth form clarifies the role of plant height in response to nitrogen addition. Oecologia 169: 1053-1062.

Grace JB, Wetzel RG. 1978. The production biology of Eurasian watermilfoil  Myriophyllum spicatum L.  (A review). Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 16: 1-11.

—. 1981. Phenotypic and genotypic components of growth and reproduction in Typha latifolia: experimental studies in marshes of differing successional maturity. Ecology 62: 789-801.

—. 1981. Habitat partitioning and competitive displacement in cattails (Typha): experimental field studies. American Naturalist 118: 463-474.

—. 1981. Effects of size and growth rate on vegetative reproduction in Typha. Oecologia 50: 158-161.

—. 1982. Niche differentiation between two rhizomatous plant species: Typha latifolia and Typha angustifolia. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 46-57.

—. 1982. Variations in growth and reproduction within populations of two rhizomatous plant species: Typha latifolia and Typha angustifolia. Oecologia 53: 258-263.

—. 1998. Long-term dynamics of Typha populations. Aquatic Botany 61: 137-146.

Grace PR, Jain MC, Harrington LW, Robertson GP. 2003. Long-term sustainability of the tropical and subtropical rice and wheat system: An environmental perspective. Pages 27-43 in Ladha JK, Hill JE, M.Duxbury J, Gupta RK, Buresh RJ, eds. Improving the Productivity and Sustainability of Rice-Wheat System: Issues and Impacts, vol. 65. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy.

Grace PR, Ladd JN, Robertson GP, Gage SH. 2006. SOCRATES - A simple model for predicting long-term changes in soil organic carbon in terrestrial ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 1172-1176.

Grace PR, Colunga-Garcia M, Gage SH, Safir GR, Robertson GP. 2006. The potential impact of agricultural management and climate change on soil organic carbon resources in terrestrial ecosystems of the North Central Region of the United States. Ecosystems 9: 816-827.

Grace PR, Robertson GP, Millar N, Colunga-Garcia M, Basso B, Gage SH, Hoben J. 2011. The contribution of maize cropping in the Midwest USA to global warming: A regional estimate. Agricultural Systems 104: 292-296.

Grace PR, Basso B. 2012. Offsetting greenhouse gas emissions through biological carbon sequestration in North Eastern Australia. Agricultural Systems 105: 1-6.

Grace PR, Antle J, Aggarwal PK, Ogle S, Paustian K, Basso B. 2012. Soil carbon sequestration and associated economic costs for farming systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plain: A meta-analysis. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 146: 137-146.

Grandy AS, Porter GA, Erich MS. 2002. Organic amendment and rotation crop effects on the recovery of soil organic matter and aggregation in potato cropping systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 1311-1319.

Grandy AS, Robertson GP. 2006. Initial cultivation of a temperate-region soil immediately accelerates aggregate turnover and CO2 and N2O fluxes. Global Change Biology 12: 1507-1520.

—. 2006. Aggregation and organic matter protection following tillage of a previously uncultivated soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70: 1398-1406.

Grandy AS, Loecke TD, Parr S, Robertson GP. 2006. Long-term trends in nitrous oxide emissions, soil nitrogen, and crop yields of till and no-till cropping systems. Journal of Environmental Quality 35: 1487-1495.

Grandy AS, Robertson GP, Thelen KD. 2006. Do productivity and environmental trade-offs justify periodically cultivating no-till cropping systems? Agronomy Journal 98: 1377-1383.

Grandy AS, Robertson GP. 2007. Land-use intensity effects on soil organic carbon accumulation rates and mechanisms. Ecosystems 10: 58-73.

Grandy AS, Salam DS, Wickings K, McDaniel MD, Culman SW, Snapp SS. 2013. Soil respiration and litter decomposition responses to nitrogen fertilization rate in no-till corn systems. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 179: 35-40.

Grillo MA, Li CB, Fowlkes AM, Briggeman TM, Zhou AL, Schemske DW, Sang T. 2009. Genetic architecture for the adaptive origin of annual wild rice, Oryza Nivara. Evolution 63: 870-883.

Grillo MA, Li CB, Hammond M, Wang LJ, Schemske DW. 2013. Genetic architecture of flowering time differentiation between locally adapted populations of Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytologist 197: 1321-1331.

Grman E, Suding KN. 2010. Within-year soil legacies contribute to strong priority effects of exotics on native California grassland communities. Restoration Ecology 18: 664-670.

Grman E, Lau JA, Schoolmaster DR, Gross KL. 2010. Mechanisms contributing to stability in ecosystem function depend on the environmental context. Ecology Letters 13: 1400-1410.

Grman E. 2012. Plant species differ in their ability to reduce allocation to non-beneficial arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Ecology 93: 711-718.

Grman E, Robinson TMP, Klausmeier CA. 2012. Ecological Specialization and Trade Affect the Outcome of Negotiations in Mutualism. American Naturalist 179: 567-581.

Grman E, Robinson TMP. 2013. Resource availability and imbalance affect plant-mycorrhizal interactions: a field test of three hypotheses. Ecology 94: 62-71.

Grman E.  2013. Seedling light limitation does not increase across a natural productivity gradient. Journal of Plant Ecology 6: 193-200.

Grman E, Bassett T, Brudvig LA. 2013. Confronting contingency in restoration: management and site history determine outcomes of assembling prairies, but site characteristics and landscape context have little effect. Journal of Applied Ecology 50: 1234-1243.

Groffman PM, Holland EA, Myrold DD, Robertson GP, Zou X. 1999. Denitrification. Pages 272-290 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Groffman PM. 2000. Nitrogen in the environment. Pages C190-200 in Sumner ME, ed. Handbook of Soil Science. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Gross KL, Werner PA. 1978. The biology of Canadian weeds. 28. Verbascum thapsus L. and V. blattaria L. Canadian Journal of Plant Sciences 58: 401-413.

Gross KL. 1980. Colonization by Verbascum thapsus (Mullein) of an old-field in Michigan: experiments on the effects of vegetation. Journal of Ecology 68: 919-927.

Gross RS, Werner PA, Hawthorn WR. 1980. The biology of Canadian weeds. 38. Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. and A. lappa L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60: 621-634.

Gross KL, Soule JD. 1981. Differences in biomass allocation to reproductive and vegetative structures of male and female plants of a dioecious, perennial herb, Silene alba (Miller) Krause. American Journal of Botany 68: 801-807.

Gross KL. 1981. Predictions of fate from rosette size in four 'biennial' plant species: Verbascum thapsus, Oenothera biennis, Daucus carota, and Tragopogon dubius. Oecologia 48: 209-213.

Gross KL, Werner PA. 1982. Colonizing abilities of "biennial" plant species in relation to ground cover: implications for their distributions in a successional sere. Ecology 63: 921-931.

Gross RS, Werner PA. 1983. Probabilities of survival and reproduction relative to rosette size in the common burdock (Arctium minus: Compositae). American Midland Naturalist 109: 184-193.

—. 1983. Relationships among flowering phenology, insect visitors, and seed-set of individuals: experimental studies on four co-occurring species of Goldenrod (Solidago: Compositae). Ecological Monographs 53: 95-117.

Gross KL, Renner KA. 1989. A new method for estimating seed numbers in the soil. Weed Science 37: 836-839.

Gross KL. 1990. A comparison of methods for estimating seed numbers in the soil. Journal of Ecology 78: 1079-1093.

Gross KL, Smith AD. 1991. Seed mass and emergence time effects on performance of Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. across environments. Oecologia 87: 270-278.

Gross KL, Maruca D, Pregitzer KS. 1992. Seedling growth and root morphology of plants with different life histories. New Phytologist 120: 535-542.

Gross KL, Peters A, Pregitzer KS. 1993. Fine root growth and demographic responses to nutrient patches in four old-field plant species. Oecologia 95: 61-64.

Gross KL, Pregitzer KS, Burton AJ. 1995. Spatial variation in nitrogen availability in three successional plant communities. Journal of Ecology 83: 357-367.

Gross KL, Pake CE. 1995. Final report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Future of Long-term Ecological Data (FLED). 2v. Washington, D. C.: Ecological Society of America.

—. 1995. The Future of Long-Term Ecological Data.

—. 1996. Recommendations and executive summary of the ESA committee on the future of long-term ecological data (FLED). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77: 192-196.

Gross KL, Willig MR, Gough L, Inouye R, Cox SB. 2000. Patterns of species density and productivity at different spatial scales in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos 89: 417-427.

Gross KL. 2000. Ecological Interactions in Agricultural Systems: Evaluating what we know and how to apply it. Pages 37-47 in Jha PK, ed. INCEA. Khatmandu, Nepal.

—. 2001. It's a good time to get involved: Perspectives on the ESA, from Aldo Leopold to today. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 82: 112-118.

Gross KL, Smith RG. 2002. Incorporating ecology into agriculture. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 490-491.

Gross KL. 2004. Promoting ecological research in National Parks by investing in the next generation of scientists. Ecological Applications 14: 15-17.

Gross KL, Mittelbach GG, Reynolds HL. 2005. Grassland invasibility and diversity: Responses to nutrients, seed input, and disturbance. Ecology 86: 476-486.

Gross KL, Emery SM. 2007. Succession and restoration in Michigan Od-field communities. Pages 221-244 in Cramer VA, Hobbs RJ, eds. Old Fields: Dynamics and Restoration of Abandoned Farmland. Washington: Island Press.

Guth BD, Blankespoor HD, Reimink RL, Johnson WC. 1979. Prevalence of dermatitis-producing schistosomes in natural bird populations of lower Michigan. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 46: 58-63.

Back to Top


Haack SK, Garchow H, Odelson DA, Forney LJ, Klug MJ. 1994. Accuracy, reproducibility, and interpretation of fatty acid methyl ester profiles of model bacterial communities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60: 2483-2493.

Haack SK, Garchow H, Klug MJ, Forney LJ. 1995. Analysis of factors affecting the accuracy, reproducibility, and interpretation of microbial community carbon source utilization patterns. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 1458-1468.

Haan MM, Russell JR, Davis JD, Morrical DG. 2010. Grazing Management and Microclimate Effects on Cattle Distribution Relative to a Cool Season Pasture Stream. Rangeland Ecology & Management 63: 572-580.

Haan M, Conner D, Taylor P. 2011. Pasture-based dairying in Michigan: farmer practices and needs. Journal of Extension [On-line] 49: Article No. 3RIB3.

Haas L, Scriber JM. 1998. Phylloplane sterilization with bleach does not reduce BTK toxicity for Papilio glaucus larvae (Lepidoptera: papilionidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist 31: 49-57.

Hall DJ, Cooper WE, Werner EE. 1970. An experimental approach to the production dynamics and structure of freshwater animal communities. Limnology and Oceanography 15: 839-928.

Hall DJ. 1971. Predator-prey relationships between yellow perch and daphnia in a large temperate lake. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 90: 106-107.

Hall DJ, Threlkeld ST. 1976. The size-efficiency hypothesis and the size structure of zooplankton communities. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 7: 177-208.

Hall DJ, Werner EW. 1977. Seasonal distribution and abundance of fishes in the littoral zone of a Michigan lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106: 545-555.

Hall DJ, Werner EE, Gilliam JF, Mittelbach GG, Howard D, Doner GG, Dickerman JA, Stewart AJ. 1979. Diel foraging behavior and prey selection in the golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 36: 1029-1039.

Hall DJ, Ehlinger TJ. 1989. Perturbation, planktivory and pelagic community structure: the consequence of winterkill in a small lake. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46: 2203-2209.

Hall SR, Leibold MA, Lytle DA, Smith VH. 2004. Stoichiometry and planktonic grazer composition over gradients of light, nutrients, and predation risk. Ecology 85: 2291-2301.

Hall SR. 2004. Stoichiometrically-explicit competition between grazers: species replacement, coexistence, and priority effects along resource supply gradients. American Naturalist 164: 157-172.

Hall SR, Duffy MA, Cáceres CE. 2005. Selective predation and productivity jointly drive complex behavior in host-parasite systems. American Naturalist 165: 70-81.

Hall SR, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Cceres CE. 2005. Spatial heterogeneity of daphniid parasitism within lakes. Oecologia 143: 635-644.

Hall SR, Smith VH, Lytle DA, Leibold MA. 2005. Constraints on primary producer N:P stoichiometry along N:P supply ratio gradients. Ecology 86: 1894-1904.

Hall SR, Leibold MA, Lytle DA, Smith VH. 2006. Inedible producers in food webs: Controls on stoichiometric food quality and composition of grazers. American Naturalist 167: 628-637.

Hall SR, Tessier AJ, Duffy MA, Huebner M, Cáceres CE. 2006. Warmer does not have to mean sicker: temperature and predators can jointly drive timing of epidemics. Ecology 87: 1684-1695.

Hall SR, Shurin JB, Diehl S, Nisbet. RM. 2007. Food quality, nutrient limitation of secondary production, and the strength of trophic cascades. . Oikos 116: 1128-1143.

Hall SR, Sivars-Becker L, Becker C, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Cáceres CE. 2007. Eating yourself sick: transmission of disease as a function of foraging ecology. . Ecology Letters 10: 207-218.

Hall SR, Leibold MA, Lytle DA, Smith VH. 2007. Grazers, producer stoichiometry, and the light : nutrient hypothesis revisited. Ecology 88: 1142-1152.

Hall SR, Knight CJ, Becker CR, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Cáceres CE. 2009. Quality matters: resource quality for hosts and the timing of epidemics. Ecology Letters 12: 118-128.

Hall SR, Becker CR, Simonis JL, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Caaceres CE. 2009. Friendly competition: evidence for a dilution effect among competitors in a planktonic host-parasite system Ecology 90: 791-801.

Hall SR, Simonis JL, Nisbet RM, Tessier AJ, Cáceres CE. 2009. Resource Ecology of Virulence in a Planktonic Host-Parasite System: An Explanation Using Dynamic Energy Budgets. American Naturalist 174: 149-162.

Hall RJ, et al. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by N-15 addition experiments: Total uptake. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 653-665

Hall SR, Smyth R, Becker CR, Duffy MA, Knight CJ, MacIntyre S, Tessier AJ, Cáceres CE. 2010. Why are Daphnia in some lakes sicker? Disease ecology, habitat structure and the plankton. BioScience 60: 363-375.

Hall EK, Singer GA, Kainz MJ, Lennon JT. 2010. Evidence for temperature acclimation in bacteria: an empirical test of a hypothesized membrane-mediated trade-off. Functional Ecology 24: 898-908.

Hall SR, Becker CR, Duffy MA, Cáceres CE. 2011. Epidemic size determines population-level effects of fungal parasites on Daphnia hosts. Oecologia 166: 833-842.

Hallett LM, et al. 2014. Biotic mechanisms of community stability shift along a precipitation gradient. Ecology 95: 1693-1700.

Hamer SA, Tsao JI, Walker ED, Hickling GJ. 2010. Invasion of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis into southern Michigan: implications for Borrelia burgdorferi endemicity. EcoHealth 7: 47-63.

Hamer SA, Hickling GJ, Sidge JL, Rosen ME, Walker ED, Tsao JI. 2011. Diverse Borrelia burgdorferi Strains in a Bird-Tick Cryptic Cycle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77: 1999-2007.

Hamilton SK, Sippel SJ, Melack JM. 1996. Inundation patterns in the Pantanal wetland of South America determined from passive microwave remote sensing. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 137: 1-28.

Hamilton SK, Sippel SJ, Calheiros DF, Melack JM. 1997. An anoxic event and other biogeochemical effects of the Pantanal wetland on the Paraguay River. Limnology and Oceanography 42: 257-272.

Hamilton SK, de Souza OC, Coutinho ME. 1998. Dynamics of floodplain inundation in the alluvial fan of the Taquari River (Pantanal, Brazil). Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 26: 916-922.

Hamilton SK. 1999. Potential effects of a major navigation project (Paraguay-Parana Hidrovia) on inundation in the pantanal floodplains. Regulated Rivers Research and Management 15: 289-299.

Hamilton SK, Sippel SJ, Calheiros DF, Melack JM. 1999. Chemical characteristics of Pantanal waters. Pages 89-100. Proceedings of the second symposium on natural and socioeconomic resources of the Pantanal: Management and conservation. Corumbá, Brazil.

Hamilton SK, Tank JL, Raikow DF, Wollheim WM, Peterson BJ, Webster. JR. 2001. Nitrogen uptake and transformation in a midwestern US stream: A stable isotope enrichment study. Biogeochemistry 54: 297-340.

Hamilton SK. 2002. Human impacts on hydrology in the Pantanal wetland of South America. Water Science and Technology 45: 35-44.

Hamilton S, Sippel S, Melack J. 2002. Comparison of Inundation Patterns among Major South American Floodplains. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 107: art. no. 8038.

Hamilton SK. 2002. Hydrological controls of ecological structure and function in the Pantanal wetland (Brazil). Pages 133-158 in McClain M, ed. The ecohydrology of South American rivers and wetlands, vol. International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Special Publication.

Hamilton SK, Sippel SJ, Melack JM. 2004. Seasonal inundation patterns in two large savanna floodplains of South America: the Llanos de Moxos (Bolivia) and the Llanos del Orinoco (Venezuela and Colombia). Hydrological Processes 18: 2103-2116.

Hamilton SK, Tank JL, Raikow DF, Siler E, Dorn NJ, Leonard N. 2004. The role of instream vs allochthonous N in stream food webs: modeling the results of an isotope addition experiment. . Journal of the North  American Benthological Society 23: 429-448.

Hamilton SK, Sippel SJ, Bunn. SE. 2005. Separation of algae from detritus for stable isotope or ecological stoichiometry studies using density fractionation in colloidal silica. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 3: 149-157.

Hamilton SK, Bunn SE, Thoms M, Marshall JC. 2005. Persistence of aquatic refugia between flow pulses in a dryland river system (Cooper Creek, Australia). Limnology and Oceanography 50: 743-754.

Hamilton SK, Gehrke PC. 2005. Australia's tropical river systems: current scientific understanding and critical knowledge gaps for sustainable management. Marine and Freshwater Research 56: 243-252.

Hamilton SK, Kurzman AL, Arango C, Jin LX, Robertson GP. 2007. Evidence for carbon sequestration by agricultural liming. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21: Art. No. GB2021.

Hamilton SK, Ostrom NE. 2007. Measurement of the stable isotope ratio of dissolved N-2 in N-15 tracer experiments. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 5: 233-240.

Hamilton SK, Kellndorfer J, Lehner B, Tobler M. 2007. Remote sensing of floodplain geomorphology as a surrogate for biodiversity in a tropical river system (Madre de Dios, Peru). Geomorphology 89: 23-38.

Hamilton SK, Bruesewitz DA, Horst GP, Sarnelle O. 2009. Biogenic calcite-phosphorus precipitation as a negative feedback to lake eutrophication. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66: 343-350.

Hamilton SK. 2009. Flood plains. in Likens GE, ed. The Encyclopedia of Inland Waters: Academic Press.

—. 2009. Wetlands of Large Rivers: Flood plains. Pages 607-610 in Likens GE, ed. The Encyclopedia of Inland Waters: Academic Press.

—. 2010. Biogeochemical implications of climate change for tropical rivers and floodplains. Hydrobiologia 657: 19-35.

Hamilton SK.  2012. Biogeochemical time lags may delay responses of streams to ecological restoration. Freshwater Biology 57: 43-57.

Haney JF, Hall DJ. 1973. Sugar-coated Daphnia: a preservation technique for Cladocera. Limnology and Oceanography 18: 331-333.

—. 1975. Diel vertical migration and filter-feeding activities of Daphnia. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 75: 413-441.

Hanson BJ, Cummins KW, Barnes JR, Carter MW. 1984. Leaf litter processing in aquatic systems:  a two variable model. Hydrobiologia 111: 21-29.

Hanson EJ, Throop PA, Serce S, Ravenscroft J, Paul EA. 2002. Comparison of nitrification rates in blueberry and forest soils. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 127: 136-142.

Hanzawa FM, Kalisz S. 1993. Relationship between age, size, and reproduction in Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae). American Journal of Botany 80: 405-410.

Hao X, Kravchenko AN. 2007. Management practice effects on surface soil total carbon: Differences along a textural gradient. Agronomy Journal 99: 18-26.

Harris D, Paul EA. 1991. Techniques for examining the carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses. Pages 39-52 in Coleman D, Fry B, eds. Carbon Isotope Techniques. New York, New York, USA: Academic Press.

—. 1994. Measurement of microbial growth rates in soil. Applied Soil Ecology 1: 277-290.

Harris GH, Hesterman OB, Paul EA, Peters SE, Janke RR. 1994. Fate of legume and fertilizer 15N in a long-term cropping systems experiment. Agronomy Journal 86: 910-915.

Harris D. 1994. Analyses of DNA extracted from microbial communities. Pages 111-118 in Ritz K, Dighton J, Giller K, eds. Beyond the Biomass. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons.

Harris D, Voroney RP, Paul EA. 1998. Measurement of microbial biomass C:N ratio by chloroform fumigation incubation. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 77: 507-514.

Harris CK, Bailey C. 2002. Public preferences for a clean, green agricultural machine. Pages 31-42 in Harris CK, Molnar J, Tomazic T, Wimberley R, eds. The Social Risks of Agriculture: Americans Speak Out on Food. New York, New York, USA: Praeger.

Harris CK, Molnar J, Tomazic T, Wimberley R, eds. 2002. The Social Risks of Agriculture: Americans Speak Out on Food New York, New York, USA: Praeger.

Harrison JS, Gentry JB. 1981. Foraging pattern, colony distribution, and foraging range of the Florida harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius. Ecology 62: 1467-1473.

Harrison JS, Werner PA. 1984. Colonization by oak seedlings into a heterogeneous successional habitat. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 559-563.

Hart DD. 1981. Foraging and resource patchiness - field experiments with a grazing stream insect. Oikos 37: 46-52

—. 1983. Importance of competitive interactions within stream populations and communities. Pages 99-136 in Barnes JR, Minshall GW, eds. Stream Ecology: Application and Testing of General Ecological Theory. New York City, New York, USA: Plenum Press.

—. 1985. Causes and consequences of territoriality in a grazing stream insect. Ecology 66: 404-414.

—. 1985. Grazing insects mediate algal interactions in a stream benthic community. Oikos 44: 40-46.

Hart DD, Latta SC. 1986. Determinants of ingestion rates in filter-feeding larval blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Freshwater Biology 16: 1-14.

Hart DD. 1987. Feeding territoriality in aquatic insects: cost-benefit models and experimental tests. American Zoologist 27: 371-386.

—. 1987. Processes and patterns of competition in larval black flies. Pages 109-128 in Kim KC, Merritt RW, eds. Black Flies: Ecology, Population Management, and Annotated World List. University Park, Pennsylvania, USA: The Pennsylvania State University.

—. 1987. Experimental studies of exploitative competition in a grazing stream insect. Oecologia 73: 41-47.

Hart DD, Robinson CT. 1990. Resource limitation in a stream community: phosphorus enrichment effects on periphyton and grazers. Ecology 71: 1494-1502.

Hart DD, Kohler SL, Carlton RG. 1991. Harvesting of benthic algae by territorial grazers: the potential for prudent predation. Oikos 60: 329-335.

Hart DD. 1992. Community organization in streams: the importance of species interactions, physical factors, and chance. Oecologia 91: 220-228.

Harwood RR. 2001. Sustainability in agriculture systems in transition - At what cost? Pages 7-30 in Payne W, Keeney D, Rao S, eds. Sustainability of Agricultural Systems in Transition: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Special Publication #64.

Hawkins BA, et al. 2003. Energy, water, and broad-scale geographic patterns of species richness. Ecology 12: 3105-3117.

Haynes DL, Gage SH. 1981. The cereal leaf beetle in North America. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 259-287.

Hazen TC, Esch GW. 1977. Studies on the population biology of two larval trematodes in the amphipod, Hyalella azteca. American Midland Naturalist 98: 213-219.

He C, Malcolm SB, Dahlberg KA, Fu B. 2000. A conceptual framework for integrating hydrological and biological indicators into watershed management. Landscape and Urban Planning 49: 25-34.

Heath KD, Lau JA. 2011. Herbivores alter the fitness benefits of a plant-rhizobium mutualism. ACTA Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 37: 87-92.

Hedin LO, Brown MG. 1994. Watershed-level coupling of nitrogen and sulfur in a heterogeneous landscape. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 25: 1477-1482.

Hedin LO, Granat L, Likens GE, Buishand TA, Galloway JN, Butler TJ, Rodhe H. 1994. Steep declines in atmospheric base cations in regions of Europe and North America. Nature 367: 351-354.

Hedin LO, Armesto JJ, Johnson AH. 1995. Patterns of nutrient loss from unpolluted, old-growth temperate forests: evaluation of biogeochemical theory. Ecology 76: 493-509.

Hedin LO, von Fischer J, Ostrom NE, Kennedy BP, Brown MG, Robertson GP. 1998. Thermodynamic constraints on nitrogen transformations and other biogeochemical processes at soil-stream interfaces. Ecology 79: 684-703.

Heiman DR, Knight AW. 1970. Studies on growth and development of the stonefly, Paragnetina media Walker (Plecoptera: Perlidae). American Midland Naturalist 84: 274-278.

—. 1972. Upper-lethal-temperature relations of the nymphs of the stonefly, Paragnetinia media. Hydrobiologia 39: 479-493.

Helton AM, et al. 2011. Thinking outside the channel: modeling nitrogen cycling in networked river ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 229-238.

Henkin RI, Gillis WT. 1977. Divergent taste responsiveness to fruit of the tree Antidesmas bunius. Nature 265: 536-537.

Henrot J, Robertson GP. 1994. Vegetation removal in two soils of the humid tropics: effect on microbial biomass. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26: 111-116.

Henry A, Kosola KR. 1999. Root age and phosphorus effects on colonization of Andropogon gerardii by mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 1657-1660.

Hirsch P, Pankratz HS. 1970. Study of bacterial populations in natural environments by use of submerged electron microscope grids. Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Mikrobiologie 10: 589-605.

Hirsch P. 1988. Perfil’ev convectional flow technique for modelling stratified natural aquatic communities. Pages 99-108 in Wimpenny JWT, ed. CRC Handbook of Laboratory Model Systems for Microbial Ecosystems, vol. 2.

Hoben JP, Gehl RJ, Millar N, Grace PR, Robertson GP. 2011. Nonlinear nitrous oxide (N(2)O) response to nitrogen fertilizer in on-farm corn crops of the US Midwest. Global Change Biology 17: 1140-1152.

Holben WE, Schroeder BM, Calabrese VGM, Olsen RH, Kukor JK, Biederbeck VO, Smith AE, Tiedje JM. 1992. Gene probe analysis of soil mocrobial populations selected by amendment with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acit (2,4-D). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58: 3941-3948.

Holland EA, Robertson GP, Greenberg J, Groffman P, Boone R, Gosz J. 1999. Soil CO2, N2O, and CH4 Exchange. Pages 185-201 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Pres.

Holt BR. 1972. Effect of arrival time on recruitment, mortality, and reproduction in successional plant populations. Ecology 53: 668-673.

Horn R, Smucker A. 2005. Structure formation and its consequences for gas and water transport in unsaturated arable and forest soils. Soil & Tillage Research 82: 5-14.

Horst GP, Sarnelle O, White JD, Hamilton SK, Kaul RB, Bressie JD. 2014. Nitrogen availability increases the toxin quota of a harmful cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Water Research 54: 188-198.

Horvath G, Kriska G, Malik P, Robertson B. 2009. Polarized light pollution: a new kind of ecological photopollution. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environement 7: 317-325.

Horvath G, Blaho M, Egri A, Kriska G, Seres I, Robertson B. 2010. Reducing the Maladaptive Attractiveness of Solar Panels to Polarotactic Insects. Conservation Biology 24: 1644-1653.

Horvitz CC, Coulson T, Tuljapurkar S, Schemske DW. 2010. A New Way to Integrate Selection When Both Demography and Selection Gradients Vary over Time. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171: 945-959.

Horwath WR, Paul EA, Pregitzer KS. 1992. Injection of N-15 into trees to study nitrogen cycling in soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56: 316-319.

Horwath WR, Pregitzer KS, Paul EA. 1994. 14C allocation in tree soil systems. Tree Physiology 14: 1163-1176.

Horwath WR, Paul EA, Harris D, Norton J, Jagger L, Horton KA. 1996. Defining a realistic control for the chloroform fumigation incubation method using microscopic counting and 14C substrates. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 76: 459-467.

Hough RA, Wetzel RG. 1972. A 14C-assay for photorespiration in aquatic plants. Plant Physiology 49: 987-990.

Hough RA. 1974. Photorespiration and productivity in submersed aquatic vascular plants. Limnology and Oceanography 19: 912-927.

Hough RA, Wetzel RG. 1975. The release of dissolved organic carbon from submersed aquatic macrophytes: diel seasonal, and community relationships. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 19: 939-948.

Hough RA. 1976. Light and dark respiration and release of organic carbon in marine macrophytes of the Great Barrier Reef region. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 3: 63-68.

Hough RA, Wetzel RG. 1977. Photosynthetic pathways of some aquatic plants. Aquatic Botany 3: 297-313.

—. 1978. Photorespiration and CO2 compensation point in Najas flexilis. Limnology and Oceanography 23: 719-724.

Houseman GR, Gross KL. 2006. Does ecological filtering across a productivity gradient explain variation in species pool-richness relationships? Oikos 115: 148-154.

Houseman GR, Mittelbach GG, Reynolds HL, Gross KL. 2008. Perturbations alter community convergence, divergence, and formation of multiple community states. . Ecology 89: 2172-2180.

Houseman GR, Gross KL. 2011. Linking grassland plant diversity to species pools, sorting and plant traits. Journal of Ecology 99: 464-472.

Howeth JG, Leibold MA. 2008. Planktonic dispersal dampens temporal trophic cascades in pond metacommunities. Ecology Letters 11: 245-257.

Howeth  JG, Leibold MA. 2010. Species dispersal rates alter diversity and ecosystem stability in pond metacommunities. Ecology 91: 2727-2741.

Howeth JG, Leibold MA. 2010. Prey dispersal rate affects prey species composition and trait diversity in response to multiple predators in metacommunities. . Journal of Animal Ecology 79: 1000-1011.

Howeth JG, Leibold MA. 2013. Predation inhibits the positive effect of dispersal on intraspecific and interspecific synchrony in pond metacommunities. Ecology 94: 2220-2228.

Hu SS, Tessier AJ. 1995. Seasonal succession and the strength of intra- and interspecific competition in a Daphnia assemblage. Ecology 76: 2278-2294.

Hubbell SP, Werner PA. 1979. Measuring the intrinsic rate of increase of populations with heterogeneous life histories. American Naturalist 113: 277-293.

Huberty LE, Gross KL, Miller CJ. 1998. Effects of nitrogen addition on successional dynamics and species diversity in Michigan old-fields. Journal of Ecology 86: 794-803.

Huckins CJF. 1997. Functional linkages among morphology, feeding performance, diet, and competitive ability in molluscivorous sunfish. Ecology 78: 2401-2414.

Huckins CJF, Osenberg CW, Mittelbach GG. 2000. Species introductions and their ecological consequences: An example with congeneric sunfish. Ecological Applications 10: 612-625.

Hunt RJ, Jardine TD, Hamilton SK, Bunn SE, Tropical Rivers Coastal K. 2012. Temporal and spatial variation in ecosystem metabolism and food web carbon transfer in a wet-dry tropical river. Freshwater Biology 57: 435-450.

Husband RW. 1968. Acarina associated with Michigan Bombinae. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 53: 109-112.

Husband RW, Brown TM. 1976. Insects associated with Michigan bumblebees (Bombus spp.). Great Lakes Entomologist 9: 57-62.

Husband RW, Fischer RL, Porter TW. 1980. Description and biology of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 13: 225-239.

Husband RW. 1993. A new Eutarsopolipus (Acari: Podapolipidae); parasite of Harpalus herbivagus (Coleoptera:  Carabidae) from Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 26: 1-14.

Hyland KE, Jr., Clark DT. 1959. Sternostoma kelloggi, a new species of nasal mite from the catbird (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae). Journal of Parasitology 45: 223-226.

—. 1959. The occurrence of the genus Yunkeracarus in North America (Acarina: Epidermotidae). Acarologia 1: 365-369.

Hyland KE, Ford HG. 1961. Sternostoma sialiphilus n. sp. (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae) from the nasal cavities of the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis (Linnaeus). Journal of Parasitology 47: 101-104.

—. 1961. The occurrence of the nasal mite Speleognathopsis bastini Fain (Speleognathidae) from the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus(Beauvois). Entomological News 72: 6.

Hyland KE. 1962. Two nasal mites, Ptilonyssus morofskyi, n. sp., and Sternostoma porteri, n.sp.,from North American birds (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 57: 146-156.

Back to Top


Isard SA, Gage SH. 2001. Flow of Life in the Atmosphere: An Airscape Approach to Understanding Invasive Organisms. East Lansing, Michigan, US: Michigan State University Press.

Isely ES, Isely P, Seedang S, Mulder K, Thompson K, Steinman AD. 2010. Addressing the information gaps associated with valuing green infrastructure in west Michigan: INtegrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services Tool (INVEST). Journal of Great Lakes Research 36: 448-457.

Iversen N, Oremland RS, Klug MJ. 1987. Big Soda Lake (Nevada). 3. Pelagic methanogenesis and anaerobic methane oxidation. Limnology and Oceanography 32: 804-814.

Izmest’eva LR, EA Silow and E Litchman. 2011. Long-term dynamics of the Lake Baikal pelagic phytoplankton under climate change. Inland Water Biology 4: 301-307

Back to Top


Jack ALH, Rangarajan A, Culman SW, Sooksa-Nguan T, Thies JE. 2011. Choice of organic amendments in tomato transplants has lasting effects on bacterial rhizosphere communities and crop performance in the field. Applied Soil Ecology 48: 94-101.

Jacobs JA, Siegford JM. 2012. Lactating dairy cows adapt quickly to being milked by an automatic milking system. Journal of Dairy Science 95: 1575-1584.

Jacobs JA, Ananyeva K, Siegford JM. 2012. Dairy cow behavior affects the availability of an automatic milking system. Journal of Dairy Science 95: 2186-2194.

Jacobs J, Siegford J. 2012. The impact of automatic milking systems on dairy cow management, behavior, health and welfare. Journal of Dairy Science 95: 2227-2247.

Jager CG, Diehl S, Matauschek C, Klausmeier CA, Stibor H. 2008. Transient dynamics of pelagic producer grazer systems in a gradient of nutrients and mixing depths. Ecology 89: 1272-1286.

Jaikumar NS, Snapp SS, Sharkey TD. 2013. Life History and Resource Acquisition: Photosynthetic Traits in Selected Accessions of Three Perennial Cereal Species Compared with Annual Wheat and Rye. American Journal of Botany 100: 2468-2477.

Jaikumar NS, Snapp SS, Flore JA, Loescher W. 2014. Photosynthetic responses in annual rye, perennial wheat, and perennial rye subjected to modest source:Sink ratio changes. Crop Science 54: 274-283.

Jame YW, Cutforth HW, Ritchie JT. 1999. Temperature response function for leaf appearance rate in wheat and corn. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 79: 1-10.

Janzen FJ. 1995. Experimental evidence for the evolutionary significance of temperature dependent sex determination. Evolution 49: 864-873.

Jardine TD, Warfe DM, Pettit NE, Hamilton SK, Burford MA, Garcia EA, Bunn SE, Douglas M. 2011. Natural processes supporting biodiversity in tropical rivers of northern Australia. Pages 23-35 in Pusey BJ, ed. Aquatic biodiversity in northern Australia. . Darwin: Charles Darwin University Press.

Jardine TD, Pusey BJ, Hamilton SK, Pettit NE, Davies PM, Douglas MM, Sinnamon V, Halliday IA, Bunn SE. 2012. Fish mediate high food web connectivity in the lower reaches of a tropical floodplain river. Oecologia 168: 829-838.

Jardine TD, et al. 2014. Understanding and Overcoming Baseline Isotopic Variability in Running Waters. River Research and Applications 30: 155-165.

Jin L, Williams E, Szramek K, Walter LM, Hamilton SK. 2008. Silicate and carbonate mineral weathering in soil profiles developed on Pleistocene glacial drift (Michigan, USA): Mass balances based on soil water geochemistry. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta 72: 1027-1042.

Jin LX, Hamilton SK, Walter LM. 2008. Mineral weathering rates in glacial drift soils (SW Michigan, USA): New constraints from seasonal sampling of waters and gases at soil monoliths. Chemical Geology 249: 129-154.

Jin LX, Ogrinc N, Hamilton SK, Szramek K, Kanduc T, Walter LM. 2009. Inorganic carbon isotope systematics in soil profiles undergoing silicate and carbonate weathering (Southern Michigan, USA). . Chemical Geology 264 139-153

Jin LX, Mukasa SB, Hamilton SK, Walter LM. 2012. Impacts of glacial/interglacial cycles on continental rock weathering inferred using Sr/Ca and Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios in Michigan watersheds. Chemical Geology 300: 97-108.

Johnson K, Scriber JM. 1994. Geographic variation in plant allelochemicals of significance to insect herbivores. Pages 7-31 in TN A, ed. Functional Dynamics of Phytophagous Insects. Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA: Science Publishers.

Johnson LB, Gage SH. 1997. Landscape approaches to the analysis of aquatic ecosystems. Freshwater Biology 37: 113-132.

Johnson LT, et al. 2013. Quantifying the production of dissolved organic nitrogen in headwater streams using N-15 tracer additions. Limnology and Oceanography 58: 1271-1285.

Johnson NC, Rowland DL, Corkidi L, Egerton-Warburton LM, Allen EB. 2003. Nitrogen enrichment alters mycorrhizal allocation at five mesic to semiarid grasslands. Ecology 84: 1895-1908.

Johnson WC. 1973. Gray squirrels at the Kellogg Bird Sanctuary. Jack-Pine Warbler 51: 75-79.

Johnston MO. 1991. Natural selection on floral traits in two species of Lobelia with different pollinators. Evolution 45: 1468-1479.

—. 1991. Pollen limitation of female reproduction in Lobelia cardinalis and L. siphilitica. Ecology 72: 1500-1503.

—. 1992. Effects of cross and self-fertilization on progeny  fitness in Lobelia cardinalis and L. siphilitica. Evolution 46: 688-702.

Jolls CL, Werner PA. 1989. Achene biomass and within-achene allocation patterns of five co-occurring goldenrod species (Solidago:Compositae). American Midland Naturalist 121: 256-264.

Jones ME, Harwood RR, Dehne NC, Smeenk JP, Parker E. 1998. Enhancing soil nitrogen mineralization and corn yield with overseeded cover crops. Soil and Water Conservation 53: 245-249.

Jones SE, Lennon JT. 2009. Evidence for limited microbial transfer of methane in a planktonic food web. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 58: 45-53.

Jones SE, Lennon JT. 2010. Dormancy contributes to the maintenance of microbial diversity. . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 5881-5886.

Joshi JR, Moncrief JF, Swan JB, Burford PM. 1994. Long-term conservation tillage and liquid dairy manure effects on corn .1. Nitrogen availability. Soil & Tillage Research 31: 211-224.

—. 1994. Long-term conservation tillage and liquid dairy manure effects on corn .2. Nitrate concentration in soil-water. Soil & Tillage Research 31: 225-233.

Back to Top


Ka JO, Tiedje JM. 1994. Integration and excision of a 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-degradative plasmid in Alcaligenes paradoxus and evidence of its natural intergeneric transfer. Journal of Bacteriology 176: 5284-5289.

Ka JO, Holben WE, Tiedje JM. 1994. Analysis of competition in soil among 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-degrading bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60: 1121-1128.

—. 1994. Genetic and phenotypic diversity of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-degrading bacteria isolated from 2,4-D-treated field soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60: 1106-1115.

—. 1994. Use of gene probes to aid in recovery and identification of functionally dominant 2,4-dichlorophenosdlyacetic acid-degrading populations in soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60: 1116-1120.

Ka JO, Burauel P, Bronson JA, Holben WE, Tiedje JM. 1995. DNA probe analysis of microbial community selected in field by long-term 2,4-D application. Soil Science Society of America Journal 59: 1581-1587.

Kadyampakeni DM, Mloza-Banda HR, Singa DD, Mangisoni JH, Ferguson A, Snapp S. 2013. Agronomic and socio-economic analysis of water management techniques for dry season cultivation of common bean in Malawi. Irrigation Science 31: 537-544.

Kaiser ME, Noma T, Brewer MJ, Pike KS, Vockeroth JR, Gaimari SD. 2007. Hymenopteran parasitoids and dipteran predators found using soybean aphid after its midwestern United States invasion. . Annals of the Entomological Society of America 100: 196-205.

Kalisz S. 1986. Variable selection on the timing of germination in Collinsia verna (Scrophulariaceae). Evolution 40: 479-491.

—. 1989. Fitness consequences of mating system, seed weight, and emergence date in a winter annual, Collinsia verna. Evolution 43: 1263-1272.

—. 1991. Experimental determination of seed bank age structure in the winter annual Collinsia verna. Ecology 72: 575-585.

Kalisz S, McPeek M. 1992. Demography of an age- structured annual: resampled projection matrices, elasticity analyses, and seed bank effects. Ecology 73: 1082-1093.

Kalisz S, McPeek MA. 1993. Extinction dynamics, population growth and seed banks: an example using an age-structured annual. Oecologia 95: 314-320.

Kalisz S, Wardle GM. 1994. Life history variation in Campanula americana (Campanulaceae): population differentiation. American Journal of Botany 81: 521-527.

Kalisz S, Hanzawa FM, S.J. T, Theide D, Voigt S. 1999. Ant-mediated seed dispersal alters pattern of relatedness in a population of Trillium grandiflorum. Ecology 80: 2620- 2634.

Kalisz S, Nason JD, Hanzawa FM, Tonsor SJ. 2001. Spatial Population Genetic Structure in Trillium Granda Florum: The role of dispersal, mating, history and selection. Evolution 55: 1560-1568.

Karoly K, Conner JK. 2000. Heritable Variation in a family-diagnostic trait. Evolution 54: 1433-1438.

Kaspar HF. 1985. The denitrification capacity of sediment from a hypereutrophic lake. Freshwater Biology 15: 449-453.

Kaufman MG, Pankratz HS, Klug MJ. 1986. Bacteria associated with the ectoperitrophic space in the midgut of the larva of the midge Xylotopus par (Diptera: Chironomidae). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 51: 657-660.

Kaufman MG, Klug MJ, Merritt RW. 1989. Growth and food utilization parameters of germ-free house crickets, Acheta domesticus. Journal of Insect Physiology 35: 957-967.

Kaufman MG, Klug MJ. 1991. Contribution of hindgut bacteria to dietary carbohydrate utilization by crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A.  Comparative Physiology 98: 117-123.

Kaufman MG, Walker ED, Smith TW, Merritt RW, Klug MJ. 1999. Effects of larval mosquitoes (Aedes triseriatus) and stemflow on microbial community dynamics in container habitats? Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 2661-2673.

Kaufman MG, Walker ED, Odelson DA. 2000. Microbial community ecology and insect nutrition. American Entomologist 46: 173-184.

Kaufman MG, Bland SN, Worthen ME, Walker ED, Klug MJ. 2001. Bacterial and fungal biomass responses to feeding by larval Aedes triseriatus (Diptera:Culicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 38: 711-719.

Kaufman MG, Goodfriend W, Kohler-Garrigan A, Walker ED, Klug MJ. 2002. Soluble nutrient effects on microbial communities and mosquito production in Ochlerotatus triseriatushabitats. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 29: 73-88.

Kavdir Y, Smucker AJM. 2002. Soil aggregate sequestration of cover crop root and shoot residue nitrogen. Pages 134-142. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Land Use and Management. Turkey: Soil Science Society of Turkey.

—. 2004. Effects of rye roots and shoots on soil aggregate erosion rate. Journal of Harran University Agricultural Faculty 8: 29-32.

Kavdir Y, Rasse DP, Smucker AJM. 2005. Specific contributions of decaying alfalfa roots to nitrate leaching in a Kalamazoo loam soil. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment. 109: 97-106.

Kavdir Y, Smucker AJM. 2005. Soil aggregate sequestration of cover crop root and shoot-derived nitrogen. Plant and Soil 272: 263-276.

Kavdir Y, Zhang W, Basso B, Smucker AJM. 2014. Development of a new long-term drought resilient soil water retention technology. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 69: 154a-160a.

Kay KM, Schemske DW. 2004. Geographic patterns in plant-pollinator mutualistic networks: Comment. Ecology 85: 875-878.

Kay KM, Reeves P, Olmstead R, Schemske DW. 2005. Rapid speciation and the evolution of hummingbird pollination in Neotropical Costus subgenus Costus (Costaceae): Evidence from nrDNA ITS and ETS sequences. American Journal of Botany 92: 1899-1910.

Kay KM, Schemske DW. 2008. Natural selection reinforces speciation between two Neotropical rainforest plants. Evolution 62: 2628-2642.

Kay KM, Ward KL, Watt LR, Schemske DW. 2011. Plant Speciation. Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System: 71-95.

Keen R. 1971. A probabilistic approach to the dynamics of natural populations of the Chydoridae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 90: 109-110.

—. 1973. A probabilistic approach to the dynamics of natural populations of the Chydoridae (Cladocera, Crustacea). Ecology 54: 524-534.

—. 1976. Population dynamics of the chydorid Cladocera of a southern Michigan marl lake. Hydrobiologia 48: 269-276.

—. 1979. Effects of fluctuating temperature on duration of egg development of Chydorus sphaericus (Cladocera: Crustacea). Journal of Thermal Biology 4: 5-8.

Kellndorfer JM, Pierce LE, Dobson MC, Ulaby FT. 1998. Toward consistent regional to global scale vegetation characterization using orbital SAR systems. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 36: 1396-1411.

Kelly JK. 1996. Kin selection in the annual plant Impatiens capensis. American Naturalist 147: 899-918.

Kemner KM, et al. 1998. Using X-ray microprobes for environmental research. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering 3449: 45-54.

Kerfoot WC, Mittelbach GG, Hairston NG, Elser JJ. 2004. Planktonic biodiversity: Scaling up and down. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1225-1228.

Kiers ET, Adler LS, Grman EL, van der Heijden MGA. 2010. Manipulating the jasmonate response: How do methyl jasmonate additions mediate characteristics of aboveground and belowground mutualisms? Functional Ecology 24: 434-443.

King GM, Klug MJ. 1980. Sulfhydrolase activity in sediments of Wintergreen Lake, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 39: 950-956.

King GM, Berman T, Wiebe WJ. 1981. Methane formation in the acidic peats of Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia. American Midland Naturalist 105: 386-389

King GM, Klug MJ. 1982. Comparative aspects of sulfur mineralization in sediments of a eutrophic lake basin. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 43: 1406-1412.

King GM, Klug MJ, Salvas PL. 1982. Total and ester sulfate sulfur in leaf-blades and petioles of the yellow water-lily, Nuphar advena. Aquatic Botany 12: 297-304.

King GM, Klug MJ. 1982. Relation of soil water movement and sulfide concentration to Spartina alterniflora production in a Georgia salt marsh. Science 218: 61-63.

—. 1982. Glucose metabolism in sediments of a eutrophic lake: tracer analysis of uptake and product formation. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 44: 1308-1317.

King GM, Klug MJ, Lovley DR. 1983. Metabolism of acetate, methanol, and methylated amines in intertidal sediments of Lowes Cove, Maine. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 45: 1848-1853.

King G. 1983. Sulfate reduction in Georgia salt-marsh soils-An evaluation of pyrite formation by use of S-35 and FE-55 tracers. Limnology and Oceanography 28: 987-995.

King DK, Cummins KW. 1989. Estimates of detrital and epilithon community metabolism from particle-sized riffle sediments of a woodland stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 5: 231-245.

—. 1989. Factors affecting autotrophic-heterotrophic relationships of a woodland stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 5: 219-230.

—. 1989. Autotrophic-heterotrophic community metabolism relationships of a woodland stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 5: 205-218.

King GM, Carlton RG, Sawyer TE. 1990. Anaerobic metabolism and oxygen distribution in the carbonate sediments of a submarine canyon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 58: 275-285.

Kinsman-Costello LE, O'Brien J, Hamilton SK. 2014. Re-flooding a Historically Drained Wetland Leads to Rapid Sediment Phosphorus Release. Ecosystems 17: 641-656.

Kladivko EJ, et al. 2014. Standardized research protocols enable transdisciplinary research of climate variation impacts in corn production systems. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 69: 532-542.

Klappenbach J, Dunbar JM, Schmidt TM. 2000. rRNA gene copy number reflects ecological strategies in bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 1328-1333.

Klausmeier CA, Litchman E, Levin. SA. 2007. A model of flexible uptake of two essential resources. Journal of Theoretical Biology 246: 278-289.

Klausmeier CA, Litchman E, Daufresne T, Levin SA. 2008. Phytoplankton stoichiometry. Ecological Research 23: 479-485.

Klausmeier CA. 2008. Floquet theory: a useful tool for understanding  nonequilibrium dynamics. Theoretical Ecology 1: 153-161.

Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2012. Successional Dynamics in the Seasonally Forced Diamond Food Web. American Naturalist 180: 1-16.

—. 2010. Successional state dynamics; A novel approach to modeling nonequilibrium foodweb dynamics. Journal of Theoretical Biology 262: 584-595.

Kloock CT. 2001. Diet and Insectivory in the "Araneophagic" Spider, Mimetus notius (Araneae: Mimetidae). American Midland Naturalist 146: 424-428.

Klug MJ. 1980. Detritus-decomposition relationships. Pages 225-245 in Phillips RC, McRoy PC, eds. Handbook of Seagrass Biology. New York City, New York, USA Garland STPM Press

Klug MJ, Kotarski S. 1980. Bacteria associated with the gut tract of larval stages of the aquatic cranefly Tipula abdominalis (Diptera: Tipulidae). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 40: 408-416.

Klug MJ, Odelson DA. 1992. Ecology, microbial. Pages 45-50 in Lederberg J, ed. Encyclopedia of Microbiology, vol. 2. San Diego, California, USA: Academic Press.

Klug MJ, Tiedje JM. 1993. Response of microbial communities to changing environmental conditions: chemical and physiological approaches. Pages 371-374 in Guerrero R, Pedros-Alio C, eds. Trends in Microbial Ecology. Barcelona, Spain: Spanish Society for Microbiology.

Klus DJ, Kalisz S, Curtis PS, Teeri JA, Tonsor SJ. 2001. Family- and population-level responses to atmospheric Co-2 concentration: Gas exchange and the allocation of C, N, and biomass in Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 1080-1087.

Knapczyk FN, Conner JK. 2007. Estimates of the average strength of natural selection are not inflated by sampling error or publication bias. American Naturalist 170: 501-508.

Knapp AK, Smith MD. 2001. Variation among biomes in temporal dynamics of aboveground primary production. Science 291: 481-484.

Knight AW, Gaufin AR. 1966. Altitudinal distribution of stoneflies (Plecoptera) in a Rocky Mountain drainage system. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 39: 668-675.

—. 1966. Oxygen consumption of several species of stoneflies (Plecoptera). Journal of Insect Physiology 12: 347-355.

—. 1967. Stream type selection and associations of stoneflies (Plecoptera) in a Colorado river drainage system. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 40: 347-352.

Knight AW, Gibbons JW. 1968. Food of the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta, in a polluted river. American Midland Naturalist 80: 558-562.

Knight AW, Lauff GH. 1969. Water-quality studies on the Kalamazoo River. Michigan State University.  Institute of Water Research.  Technical Report 5. Report no. 5.

Knight AW, Swallow WT. 1970. A flowing reaction vessel. Hydrobiologia 35: 1-6.

Knight AW, Simmons MA. 1975. Factors influencing the oxygen consumption of the hellgrammite, Corydalus cornutus (L) (Megaloptera: Corydalidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 50A: 827-833.

—. 1975. Factors influencing the oxygen consumption of larval Nigronia serricornis (Say) (Megaloptera: Corydalidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 51A: 117-123.

Knight AW, Lippson RL, Simmons MA. 1975. The effect of temperature on the oxygen consumption of two species of fairy shrimp. American Midland Naturalist 94: 236-240.

Knight AW, Simmons MA, Simmons CS. 1976. A phenomenological approach to the growth of the winter stonefly Taeniopteryx nivalis (Fitch) (Plecoptera; taeniopterygidae). Growth 40: 343-376.

Knoche S, Lupi F. 2007. Valuing deer hunting ecosystem services from farm landscapes. Ecological Economics 64: 313-320.

Knoll LB, Sarnelle O, Hamilton SK, Kissman CEH, Wilson AE, Rose JB, Morgan MR. 2008. Invasive zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) increase cyanobacterial toxin concentrations in low-nutrient lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65: 448-455

Knoll LB, Sarnelle O, Hamilton SK, Kissman CEH, Wilson AE, Rose JB, Morgan MR.  2008. Invasive zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) increase cyanobacterial toxin concentrations in low-nutrient lakes (vol 64, pg 448, 2008). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65: 2552-2552.

Knollenberg WG, Merritt RW, Lawson DL. 1985. Consumption of leaf litter by Lumbricus terrestris (Oligochaeta) on a Michigan woodland floodplain. American Midland Naturalist 113: 1-6.

Kocan RM, Clark DT. 1966. Prepatent period and parasitemia in Leucocytozoon simondi infections resulting from short exposures to sporozoites. Journal of Parasitology 52: 962-966.

—. 1966. Anemia in ducks infected with Leucocytozoon simondi. Journal of Protozoology 13: 465-468.

Kocan RM, Kelker NE, Clark DT. 1967. Freeze-preservation of Leucocytozoon simondi sporozoites in liquid nitrogen. Journal of Protozoology 14: 724-726.

Kocan RM. 1968. The canvasback duck (Aythya valisineria); a new host record for Plasmodium. Bulletin of the Wildlife Disease Association 4: 86-87.

—. 1968. Observations on the development and significance of Leuocytozoon simondi megaloschizonts and a technique for their isolation. Bulletin of the Wildlife Disease Association 4: 94-95.

—. 1968. Anemia and mechanism of erythrocyte destruction in ducks with acute Leucocytozoon infections. Journal of Protozoology 15: 455-462.

Kohler SL, McPeek MA. 1989. Predation risk and the foraging behavior of competing stream insects. Ecology 70: 1811-1825.

Kohler SL. 1992. Competition and the structure of a benthic stream community. Ecological Monographs 62: 165-188.

Kosola K, Gross K. 1999. Resource competition and suppression of plants colonizing early successional old fields. Oecologia 118: 69-75.

Kosola KR. 1999. Laparascopic sampling of roots of known age from an expandable-wall minirhizotron system. Agronomy Journal 91: 876- 879.

Kosola KR, Dickmann DI, Paul EA, Parry D. 2001. Repeated insect defoliation effects on growth, nitrogen acquisition, carbohydrates, and root demography of poplars. Oecologia 129: 65-74.

Kosola KR, Dickmann DI, Parry. D. 2002. Carbohydrates in individual poplar fine roots- effects of root age and defoliation. Tree Physiology 22: 741-746.

Kosola KR, Dickmann DI, Hall RB, Workmaster BAA. 2004. Cottonwood growth rate and fine root condensed Tannin Concentration. Tree Physiology 24: 1063-1068.

Kosola KR, Durall DM, Robertson GP, Dickmann DI, Parry D, Russell CA, Paul EA. 2004. Resilience of mycorrhizal fungi on defoliated and fertilized hybrid poplars. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 671-680.

Kosola KR, Parry D, Workmaster BA. 2006. Responses of condensed tannins in poplar roots to fertilization and gypsy moth defoliation. Tree Physiology 26: 1607-1611.

Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP, Thelen KD, Harwood RR. 2005. Management, topographical, and weather effects on spatial variability of crop grain yields. Agronomy Journal 97: 514-523.

Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP, Hao X, Bullock DG. 2006. Management practice effects on surface total carbon: Differences in spatial variability patterns. Agronomy Journal 98: 1559-1568.

Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP, Snapp SS, Smucker AJM. 2006. Using information about spatial variability to improve estimates of total soil carbon. Agronomy Journal 98: 823-829.

Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP. 2007. Can topographical and yield data substantially improve total soil carbon mapping by regression kriging? Agronomy Journal 99: 12-17.

Kravchenko AN, Hao X, Robertson GP. 2009. Seven years of continuously planted Bt corn did not affect mineralizable and total soil C and total N in surface soil. Plant and Soil 318: 269-274

Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP. 2011. Whole-Profile Soil Carbon Stocks: The Danger of Assuming Too Much from Analyses of Too Little. Soil Science Society of American Journal 75: 235-240.

Kreft J-U, CM Plugge, V Grimm, C Prats, JHJ Leveau, T Banitz, S Baines, J Clark, A Ros, I Klapper, CJ Topping, AJ Field, A Schuler, E Litchman, FL Hellweger. 2013. Mighty small: observing and modeling individual microbes becomes big science. PNAS 110: 18027–18028.

Kremer CT, Klausmeier CA. 2013. Coexistence in a variable environment: Eco-evolutionary perspectives. Journal of Theoretical Biology 339: 14-25.

Kremer CT, Gillette JP, Rudstam LG, Brettum P, Ptacnik R. 2014. A compendium of >300,000 algal biovolumes. Ecology and Evolution.

Kroh GC, Murphy PG. 1973. The role of root and shoot components in intraspecific interference within a population of Phaseolus vulgaris. Michigan Academician 6: 93-99.

Krul JM, Hirsch P, Staley JT. 1970. Toxothrix trichogenes (Chol.) Beger et Bringmann: the organism and its biology. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36: 409-420.

Kuester, A, Conner JK, Culley T, Baucom RS. 2014. How weeds emerge: a taxonomic and trait-based examination using United States data. New Phytologist 202: 1055-1068.

Kulesa MW, Blankespoor HD, Roney KE. 1982. Prevalence of avian schistosomes in Physa integra from southwestern Michigan. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 49: 14-18.

Kullberg RG. 1974. Distribution of aquatic macrophytes related to paper mill effluents in a southern Michigan stream. American Midland Naturalist 91: 271-281.

Kurwakumire N, Chikowo R, Mtambanengwe F, Mapfumo P, Snapp S, Johnston A, Zingore S. 2014. Maize productivity and nutrient and water use efficiencies across soil fertility domains on smallholder farms in Zimbabwe. Field Crops Research 164: 136-147.

Back to Top


Laman TG, Daniell DL, Blankespoor HD. 1984. The role of Gyraulus parvus as an intermediate host for avian schistosomes. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 51: 267-269.

Landis DA, Menalled FD. 1998. Ecological considerations in conservation of parasitoids in agricultural landscapes. Pages 101-121 in P B, ed. Conservation Biological Control. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Landis D, Marino P. 1999. Landscape structure and extra-field processes: Impact on management of pests and beneficials. . Pages 79-104 in Ruberson J, ed. Handbook of Pest Management. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker.

Landis DA, Marino PCPTSPiE. 1999. Conserving parasitoid communities of native pests: Implications for agricultural landscape structure. Pages 38-51 in Charlet L BG, ed. Biological Control of Native of Indegenous Pests. Lanham, Maryland: Entomoligical Society of America.

Landis DA, Wratten SD, Gurr G. 2000. Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture. Annual Review of Entomology 45: 175-201.

Landis DA, Menalled FD, Lee JC, Carmona DM. 2000. Habitat modification to enhance biological control in IPM. Pages 226-239 in Kennedy GG, Sutton TB, eds. Emerging Technologies for Integrated Pest Management: Concepts, Research, and Implementation. St. Paul, MN: APS Press.

Landis DA, Fox TB, Costamagna AC. 2004. Impact of multicolored Asian lady beetle as a biological control agent. . American Entomologist 50: 153-155.

Landis DA, Menalled FD, Costamagna AC, Wilkinson TK. 2005. Manipulating plant resources to enhance beneficial arthropods in agricultural landscapes. Weed Science 53: 902-908.

Lane PA, McNaught DC. 1973. Niche analysis of the Gull Lake (Michigan, U.S.A.) zooplankton community. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 18: 1441-1447.

Lane PA. 1975. Dynamics of aquatic systems: a comparative study of the structure of four zooplankton communities. Ecological Monographs 45: 307-336.

Lane PA, Lauff GH, Levins R. 1975. The feasability of using a holistic approach in ecosystem analysis. Pages 111-128 in Levin SA, ed. Ecosystem Analysis and Prediction. Philadelphia, PA: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Lane PA, Klug MJ, Louden L. 1976. Measuring invertebrate predation in situ on zooplankton assemblages. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 95: 143-155.

Lane P, Levins R. 1977. The dynamics of aquatic systems. 2. The effects of nutrient enrichment on model plankton communities. Limnology and Oceanography 22: 454-471.

Lane PA. 1978. Zooplankton niches and the community structure controversy. Science 200: 458-461.

—. 1978. Role of invertebrate predation in structuring zooplankton communities. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 20: 480-485.

—. 1979. Vertebrate and invertebrate predation intensity on freshwater zooplankton communities. Nature 280: 391-393.

Lau JA, Puliafico KP, Kopshever JA, Steltzer H, Jarvis EP, Schwarzländer M, Strauss SY, Hufbauer RA. 2008. Inference of allelopathy is complicated by effects of activated carbon on plant growth. New Phytologist 178: 412-423.

Lau JA, Peiffer J, Reich PB, Tiffin P. 2008. Transgenerational effects of global environmental change: long-term CO2 and nitrogen treatments influence offspring growth response to elevated CO2 . Oecologia 158: 141-150.

Lau JA, Miller RE, Rausher MD. 2008. Selection through male function favors smaller floral display size in the common morning glory Ipomoea purpurea (Convolvulaceae). American Naturalist 172: 63-74.

Lau JA, Tiffin P. 2009. Elevated carbon dioxide concentrations indirectly affect plant fitness by altering plant tolerance to herbivory. Oecologia 161: 401-410

Lau J, Shaw R, Reich P, Tiffin P. 2010. Species interactions in a changing environment: elevated CO2 alters the ecological and potential evolutionary consequences of competition. Evolutionary Ecology Research 12: 435-455.

Lau JA, Lennon JT. 2011. Evolutionary ecology of plant-microbe interactions: soil microbial structure alters selection on plant traits. New Phytologist 192: 215-224

Lau JA. 2012. Evolutionary indirect effects of biological invasions. Oecologia 170: 171-181.

Lau, JA, Lennon JT. 2012. Rapid responses of soil microorganisms improve plant fitness in novel environments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 14058-14062.

Lau, JA, Bowling EJ, Gentry LE, Glasser PA, Monarch EA, Olesen WM, Waxmonsky J, Young RT. 2012. Direct and interactive effects of light and nutrients on the legume-rhizobia mutualism. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 39: 80-86.

Lau, JA. 2013. Trophic consequences of a biological invasion: do plant invasions increase predator abundance? Oikos 122: 474-480.

Lau, JA, Shaw RG, Reich PB, Tiffin P. 2014. Indirect effects drive evolutionary responses to global change. New Phytologist 201: 335-343.

Laughlin DR, Werner EE. 1980. Resource partitioning in two coexisting sunfish: pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) and northern longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis peltastes). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37: 1411-1420.

Lawson DL, Merritt RW, Klug MJ, Martin JS. 1982. The utilization of late season foliage by the orange striped oakworm, Anisota senatoria. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 32: 242-248.

Lawson DL, Klug MJ, Merritt RW. 1984. The influence of the physical, chemical, and microbiological characteristics of decomposing leaves on the growth of the detritivore Tipula abdominalis (Diptera: Tipulidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 2339-2343.

Lawson DL, Merritt RW, Martin MM, Martin JS, Kukor JJ. 1984. The nutritional ecology of larvae of Alsophila pometaria and Anisota senatoria feeding on early- and late-season oak foliage. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 35: 105-114.

Lawson DL, Klug MJ. 1989. Microbial fermentation in the hindguts of two stream detritivores. North American Benthological Society Journal 8: 85-91.

Leakey ADB, Lau JA. 2012. Evolutionary context for understanding and manipulating plant responses to past, present and future atmospheric CO2. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 367: 613-629.

Leavitt SW, Paul EA, Galadima A, Nakayama FS, Danzer SR, Johonson H, Kimball BA. 1996. Carbon isotopes and carbon turnover in cotton and wheat FACE experiments. Plant and Soil 187: 147-155.

Leavitt SW, Paul EA, Pendall E, Pinter PJ, Kimball BA. 1997. Field variability of carbon isotopes in soil organic carbon. Nuclear Instrument Methods B 123: 451-454.

Lee JC, Menalled FD, Landis DA. 2001. Refuge habitats modify impact of insecticide disturbance on carabid beetle communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 38: 472-483.

Lehmann RG, Miller JR, Collins HP. 1998. Microbial degradation of dimethylsilanediol in soil. Water Air and Soil Pollution 106 1-2.

Leibold MA. 1989. Resource edibility and the effects of predators and productivity on the outcome of trophic interactions. American Naturalist 134: 922-949.

—. 1990. Resources and predators can affect the vertical distributions of zooplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 35: 938-944.

Leibold M, Tessier AJ. 1991. Contrasting patterns of body size for Daphnia species that segregate by habitat. Oecologia 86: 342-348.

Leibold MA. 1991. Trophic interactions and habitat segregation between competing Daphnia species. Oecologia 86: 510-520.

Leibold MA, West CT. 1993. Experimental methods for measuring the effect of light acclimation on vertical migration by Daphnia in the field. Limnology and Oceanography 38: 638-643.

Leibold MA, Tessier AJ, West CT. 1994. Genetic, acclimatization, and ontogenetic effects on habitat selection behavior in Daphnia pulicaria. Evolution 48: 1324-1332.

Leibold M, Tessier A. 1996. Habitat partitioning by zooplankton and the structure of lake ecosystems. Pages 3-30 in Streit BTSaCJL, ed. Evolutionary Ecolgy of Freshwater Animals: Concepts and Case Studies, vol. 82: Birkhouser Press.

Leibold MA, Tessier AJ. 1998. Experimental ecomprimise and mechanistic approaches to the evolutionary ecology of interacting daphnia species. Pages 96-112 in Reserarits WJ, Bernaro J, eds. Experimental Ecology: Issues and Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lele S, Taper M, Gage SH. 1998. Statistical analysis of population dynamics in space and time using estimating functions. Ecology 79: 1489-1502.

Lennon JT. 2007. Diversity and metabolism of marine bacteria cultivated on dissolved DNA. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73: 2799-2805.

Lennon JT, Khatana SAM, Marston MF, Martiny JBH. 2007. Is there a cost of virus resistance in marine cyanobacteria? . ISME JOURNAL 1: 300-312.

Lennon JT, Cottingham KL. 2008. Microbial productivity in variable resource environments. Ecology 89: 1001-1014.

Lennon JT, Martiny JBH. 2008. Rapid evolution buffers ecosystem impacts of viruses in a microbial food web Ecology Letters 11: 1178-1188.

Lennon JT, Jones SE. 2011. Microbial seed banks: the ecological and evolutionary implications of dormancy. Nature Reviews Microbiology 9: 119-130.

Lennon JT. 2011. Replication, lies and lesser-known truths regarding experimental design in environmental microbiology. Environmental Microbiology 13: 1383-1386.

Lennon, JT, Aanderud ZT, Lehmkuhl BK, Schoolmaster DR. 2012. Mapping the niche space of soil microorganisms using taxonomy and traits. Ecology 93: 1867-1879.

Lennon, JT, Hamilton SK, Muscarella ME, Grandy AS, Wickings K, Jones SE. 2013. A Source of Terrestrial Organic Carbon to Investigate the Browning of Aquatic Ecosystems. Plos One 8.

Lenton TM, Klausmeier CA. 2007. Biotic stoichiometric controls on the deep ocean N : P ratio. Biogeosciecnes 4: 353-367.

Levine UY, Teal TK, Robertson GP, Schmidt TM. 2011. Agriculture's impact on microbial diversity and associated fluxes of carbon dioxide and methane. ISME Journal 5: 1683-1691.

Lewis WMJ, Hamilton SK, Lasi MA, Rodriguez M, Saunders JFI. 2000. Ecological Determinism on the Orinoco Floodplain. BioScience 50: 681-692.

Lewis WM, Hamilton SK, Rodriguez MA, Saunders JF, Lasi MA. 2001. Foodweb analysis of the Orinoco floodplain based on production estimates and stable isotope data. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 20: 241-254.

Lillevik HA, Schloemer CL. 1961. Species differentiation in fish by electrophoretic analysis of skeletal muscle proteins. Science 134: 2042-2043.

Litchman E, C. A. Klausmeier, J. R. Miller, O. M. Schofield, Falkowski PG. 2006. Multi-nutrient, multi-group model of  present and future oceanic phytoplankton communities. Biogeosciences 3: 585-606.

Litchman E, Klausmeier CA, Schofield OM, Falkowski. PG. 2007. The role of functional traits and trade-offs in structuring phytoplankton communities: scaling from cellular to ecosystem level. Ecology Letters 10: 1170-1181.

Litchman E. 2007. Resource competition and the ecological success of phytoplankton. in Falkowski PG, Knoll AH, eds. Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea: Elsevier.

Litchman E, Klausmeier CA. 2008. Trait-based community ecology of phytoplankton. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 39: 615-639

Litchman E, Nguyen BLV. 2008. Alkaline phosphatase activity as a function of internal phosphorus concentration in freshwater phytoplankton. Journal of Phycology 44: 1379-1383.

Litchman E, Klausmeier CA, Yoshiyama K. 2009. Contrasting size evolution in marine and freshwater diatoms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 2665-2670.

Litchman E, Pinto PD, Klausmeier CA, Thomas MK, Yoshiyama K. 2010. Linking traits to species diversity and community structure in phytoplankton. . Hydrobiologia 653: 15-28.

Litchman E. 2010. Invisible invaders: non-pathogenic invasive microbes in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 13: 1560-1572.

Litchman E, Edwards KF, Klausmeier CA, Thomas MK. 2012. Phytoplankton niches, traits and eco-evolutionary responses to global environmental change. Marine Ecology Progress Series 470: 235-248.

Litchman E, MD Ohman and T Kiørboe. 2013. Trait-based approaches to zooplankton communities. Journal of Plankton Research. Horizons paper. 35: 473-484.

Liu J, Dazzo FB, Glagoleva O, Yu B, Jain A. 2001. CMEIAS: A computer-aided system for the image analysis of bacterial morphotypes in microbial communities. Microbial Ecology 41: 173-194.

Loecke TD, Robertson GP. 2009. Soil resource heterogeneity in terms of litter aggregation promotes nitrous oxide fluxes and slows decomposition. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41: 228-235

—. 2009. Soil resource heterogeneity in the form of aggregated litter alters maize productivity. Plant and Soil 325: 231-241

Losee RF, Wetzel RG. 1983. Selective light attenuation by the periphyton complex. Pages 89-96 in Wetzel RG, ed. Periphyton of Freshwater Ecosystems. The Hague, Netherlands: Junk.

—. 1988. Water movement within submersed littoral vegetation. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 23: 62-66.

—. 1993. Littoral flow rates within and around submersed macrophyte communities. Freshwater Biology 29: 7-17.

Lovley DR, Klug MJ. 1982. Intermediary metabolism of organic matter in the the sediments of a eutrophic lake. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 43: 552-560.

Lovley DR, Dwyer DF, Klug MJ. 1982. Kinetic analysis of competition between sulfate reducers and methanogens for hydrogen in sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 43: 1373-1379.

Lovley DR, Klug MJ. 1983. Sulfate reducers can outcompete methanogens at freshwater sulfate concentrations. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 45: 187-192.

—. 1983. Methanogenesis from methanol and methylamines and acetogenesis from hydrogen and carbon dioxide in the sediments of a eutrophic lake. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 45: 1310-1315.

—. 1986. Model for the distribution of sulfate reduction and methanogenesis in freshwater sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 50: 11-18.

Lynch M, Thorn RG. 2006. Diversity of basidiomycetes in Michigan agricultural soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 7050-7056.

Back to Top


MacKay MD, et al. 2009. Modeling lakes and reservoirs in the climate system. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 2315-2329

Mahaney WM, Smemo KA, Gross KL. 2008. Impacts of C4 grass introductions on soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in C3-dominated successional systems. Oecologia 157: 295-305

Mahaney WM. 2010. Plant controls on decomposition rates: the benefits of restoring abandoned agricultural lands with native prairie grasses. Plant and Soil 330: 91-101

Mahaney WM, Gross KL, Blackwood CB, Smemo KA. 2015. Impacts of prairie grass species restoration on plant community invasibility and soil processes in abandoned agricultural fields. Applied Vegetation Science 18: 99-109.

Majdi H, Smucker AJM, Persson H. 1992. A comparison between minirhizotron and monolith sampling methods for measuring root growth of maize (Zea mays, L.). Plant and Soil 147: 127-134.

Malik P, Hegedus R, Kriska G, Akesson S, Robertson B, Horvath G. 2010. Asphalt surfaces as ecological traps for water-seeking polarotactic insects: How can the polarized light pollution of asphalt surfaces be reduced? . Pages 81-119 Asphaltenes: Characterization, Properties and Applications, vol. .

Mandossian A, McIntosh RP. 1960. Vegetation zonation on the shore of a small lake. American Midland Naturalist 64: 301-308.

Mandossian AJ. 1965. Plant associates of Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant) in acid and alkaline habitats. Michigan Botanist 4: 107-114.

—. 1966. Variations in the leaf of Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant). Michigan Botanist 5: 26-35.

—. 1966. Germination of seeds in Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant). Michigan Botanist 5: 67-79.

Manny BA, Hall CAS. 1969. Diurnal changes in stratification and dissolved oxygen in the surface waters of Lake Michigan. Proceedings Twelfth Conference on Great Lakes Research: 622-634.

Manny BA, Miller MC, Wetzel RG. 1971. Ultraviolet combustion of dissolved organic nitrogen compounds in lake waters. Limnology and Oceanography 16: 71-85.

Manny BA. 1972. Seasonal changes in dissolved organic nitrogen in six Michigan lakes. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereingung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 18: 147-156.

—. 1972. Seasonal changes in organic nitrogen content of net-and nannophytoplankton in two hardwater lakes. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 71: 103-123.

Manny BA, Wetzel RG. 1973. Diurnal changes in dissolved organic and inorganic carbon and nitrogen in a hard-water stream. Freshwater Biology 3: 31-43.

Manny BA, Wetzel RG, Johnson WC. 1975. Annual contribution of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus by migrant Canada geese to a hardwater lake. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 19: 949-951.

Manny BA, Wetzel RG, Bailey RE. 1978. Paleolimnological sedimentation of organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, fossil pigments, pollen and diatoms in a hypereutrophic, hardwater lake: a case history of eutrophication. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 25: 243-267.

Manny BA, Otsuki A. 1981. Loss of nitrogeneous dissolved organic matter from small lakes. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 1: 193-202.

Manny BA, Johnson WC, Wetzel RG. 1994. Nutrient additions by waterfowl to lakes and reservoirs: predicting their effects on productivity and water quality. Hydrobiologia 279/280: 121-132.

Maredia KM, Gage SH, Landis DA, Wirth TM. 1992. Ecological observations on predatory Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) in Southwestern Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 25: 265-270.

Maredia KM, Gage SH, Landis DA, Scriber JM. 1992. Habitat use patterns by the seven-spotted lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in a diverse agricultural landscape. Biological Control 2: 159-165.

Maredia KM, Gage SH, Landis DA, Wirth TM. 1992. Visual response of Coccinella septempunctata (L.), Hippodamia parenthesis (Say), (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), and Chrysoperla carnean (Stephens), (Neuroptora:Chrysopidae) to colors. Biological Control 2: 253-256.

Marino PC, Landis DA. 1996. Effect of landscape structure on parasitoid diversity and parasitism in agroecosystems. . Ecological Applications 6: 276-284.

Marino PC, Gross KL, Landis DA. 1997. Weed seed loss due to predation in Michigan maize fields. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 66: 189-196.

Marino PC, Gross KL. 1998. Competitive effects of conspecific and herbaceous (weeds) plants on growth and branch architecture of Populus xeuramericana cv. Eugenie. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 359-367.

Marino PC, Landis DA. 2000. Parasitoid community structure: implications for biological control in agricultural landscapes. Pages 181-191 in Ekbom B, ed. Interchanges of Insects Between Agricultural and Surrounding Landscapes. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press.

Marino S, Basso B, Leone AP, Alvino A. 2013. Agronomic traits and vegetation indices of two onion hybrids. Scientia Horticulturae 155: 56-64.

Marino S, Aria M, Basso B, Leone AP, Alvino A. 2014. Use of soil and vegetation spectroradiometry to investigate crop water use efficiency of a drip irrigated tomato. European Journal of Agronomy 59: 67-77.

Marra M, Esch GW. 1970. Distribution of carbohydrates in adults and larvae of Proteocephalu ambloplitis (Leidy, 1887). Journal of Parasitology 56: 398-400.

Martin MM, Martin JS, Kukor JJ, Merritt RW. 1980. The digestion of protein and carbohydrate by the stream detritivore, Tipula abdominalis (Diptera, Tipulidae). Oecologia 46: 360-364.

Martin MM, Kukor JJ, Martin JS, Lawson DL, Merritt RW. 1981. Digestive enzymes of larvae of three species of caddisflies (Trichoptera). Insect Biochemistry 11: 501-505.

Martin MM, Martin JS, Kukor JJ, Merritt RW. 1981. The digestive enzymes of detritus-feeding stonefly nymphs (Plecoptera; Pteronarcydidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 59: 1947-1951.

Martina JP, Hamilton SK, Turetsky MR, Phillippo CJ. 2014. Organic matter stocks increase with degree of invasion in temperate inland wetlands. Plant and Soil 385: 107-123.

Martinelli LA, Piccolo MC, Townsend AR, Vitousek PM, Cuevas E, McDowell W, Robertson GP, Santos OC, Treseder K. 1999. Nitrogen stable isotopic composition of leaves and soil: Tropical versus temperate forests. Biogeochemistry 46: 45-65.

—. 1999. Nitrogen stable isotopic composition of leaves and soil: tropical versus temperate forests. Pages 45-65 in Townsend AR, ed. New Perspectives on Nitrogen Cycling in the Temperate and Tropical Americas. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press.

Mathews RW. 1965. The biology of Heriades carinata Cresson (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 1: 1-33.

Matson PA, Vitousek PM, Ewel JJ, Mazzarino MJ, Robertson GP. 1987. Nitrogen transformations following tropical forest felling and burning on a volcanic soil. Ecology 68: 491-502.

Matthews B, et al. 2011. Toward an integration of evolutionary biology and ecosystem science. Ecology Letters 14: 690-701.

Mattingly RL, Cummins KW, King RH. 1981. The influence of substrate organic content on the growth of a stream chironomid. Hydrobiologia 77: 161-165.

McCormick MK, Gross KL, Smith RA. 2001. Danthonia spicata (Poaceae) and Atkinsonella hypoxylon (Balansiae): environmental dependence of a symbiosis. American Journal of Botany 88: 901-909.

McDermott TR, Dazzo FB. 2002. Use of fluorescent antibodies for studying the ecology of soil- and plant-associated microbes. Pages 615-626 in Hurst C CR, Knudsen GR, McInerney MJ, Stetzenbach LD, ed. Manual of Environmental Microbiology. Washington, DC, USA: American Society for Microbiology Press.

McGill B, Mittelbach GG. 2006. An allometric vision and motion model to predict prey encounter rates. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8: 691-701.

McGregor DL. 1967. Rhythmic pulsation of the hepatopancreas in freshwater ostracods. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 86: 166-169.

McGregor DL, Wetzel RG. 1968. Self-absorption of C14 radiation in freshwater ostracods. Ecology 49: 352-355.

McGregor DL, Kesling RV. 1969. Copulatory adaptations in ostracods. Part I. Hemipenes of Candona. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan 22: 169-191.

—. 1969. Copulatory adaptations in ostracods. Part II. Adaptations in living ostracods. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan 22: 221-239.

McGregor DL. 1969. The reproductive potential, life history and parasitism of the freshwater ostracod Darwinula stevensoni (Brady and Robertson). Pages 194-221 in Neale JW, ed. Taxonomy, Morphology and Ecology of Recent Ostracoda. Edinburgh, Scotland: Oliver Boyd.

McGuire JT, Smith EW, Long DT, Hyndman DW, Haack SK, Klug MJ, Velbel MA. 2000. Temporal variations in parameters reflecting terminal-electron-accepting processes in an aquifer contaminated with waste fuel and chlorinated solvents. Chemical Geology 169: 471-485.

McIntosh RP. 1960. Natural order in communities. The Biologist 42: 55-62.

McKinley KR, Ward AK, Wetzel RG. 1977. Method for obtaining more precise measures of excreted organic carbon. Limnology and Oceanography 22: 570-573.

McKinley KR, Wetzel RG. 1977. Tritium oxide uptake by algae: an independent measure of phytoplankton photosynthesis. Limnology and Oceanography 22: 377-380.

McKinley KR. 1977. Light-mediated uptake of 3H-Glucose in a small hard-water lake. Ecology 58: 1356-1365.

McKinley KR, Wetzel RG. 1979. Photolithotrophy, photoheterotrophy and chemoheterotrophy: Patterns of resource utilization on an annual and a diurnal basis within a pelagic microbial community. Microbial Ecology 5: 1-15.

McNaught DC. 1968. Acoustical determination of zooplankton distributions. Proceedings Eleventh Conference on Great Lakes Research: 76-84.

—. 1969. Developments in acoustic plankton sampling. Proceedings Twelfth Conference on Great Lakes Research: 61-68.

McPeek MA. 1989. Differential dispersal tendencies among Enallagma damselflies(Odonata) inhabiting different habitats. Oikos 56: 187-195.

—. 1990. Behavioral differences between Enallagma species (Odonata) influencing differential vulnerability to predators. Ecology 71: 1714-1726.

—. 1990. Determination of species composition in the Enallagma damselfly assemblages of permanent lakes. Ecology 71: 83-98.

McPeek MA, Holt RD. 1992. Evolution of dispersal in spatially and temporally varying environments. American Naturalist 140: 1010-1027.

McPeek MA, Kalisz S. 1993. Population sampling and bootstrapping in complex designs: demographic analysis. Pages 232-252 in Scheiner SM, Gurevitch J, eds. Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments. New York, USA: Chapman & Hall.

McPeek MA. 1995. Morphological evolution mediated by behavior in the damselflies of two communities. Evolution 49: 749-769.

McPeek MA, Schrot AK, Brown JM. 1996. Adaptation to predators in a new community: swimming performance and predator avoidance in damselflies. Ecology 77: 617-629.

McPeek MA. 1997. Measuring phenotypic selection on an adaptation:  lamellae of damselflies experiencing dragonfly predation. Evolution 51: 459-466.

—. 1998. The consequences of changing the top predator in a food web:  a comparative experimental approach. Ecological Monographs 68: 1-23.

McQueen DJ, Johannes MJS, Lafontaine NR, Young AS, Longbotham E, Lean DRS. 1990. Effects of planktivore abundance on chlorophyll-a and Secchi depth. Hydrobiologia 200/201: 337-341.

McSwiney CP, McDowell WH, Keller M. 2001. Distribution of nitrous oxide and regulators of its production across a tropical rainforest catena in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Biogeochemistry 56: 265-286.

McSwiney CP, Robertson GP. 2005. Nonlinear response of N2O flux to incremental fertilizer addition in a continuous maize (Zea mays L.) cropping system. Global Change Biology 11: 1712-1719.

McSwiney CP, Snapp SS, Gentry LE. 2010. Use of N immobilization to tighten the N cycle in conventional agroecosystems. Ecological Applications 20: 648-662.

McSwiney CP, Bohm S, Grace PR, Robertson GP. 2010. Greenhouse gas emissions calculator for grain and biofuel farming systems. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 39: 125-131.

Meagher WL, Tonsor SJ. 1992. Checklist of the vascular flora of the Augusta floodplain preserve. Michigan Botanist 31: 83-98.

Mears JA, Gillis WT. 1977. Gomphrenoideae (Amaranthaceae) of the Bahama Islands. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 58: 60-66.

Melack JM, Hess LL, Gastil M, Forsberg BR, Hamilton SK, Lima IBT, Novo EMLM. 2004. Regionalization of methane emissions in the Amazon Basin with microwave remote sensing. Global Change Biology 10: 530-544.

Mellard JP, Yoshiyama K, Litchman E, Klausmeier CA. 2011. The vertical distribution of phytoplankton in stratified water columns. Journal of Theoretical Biology 269: 16-30.

Mellard JP, Yoshiyama K, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2012. Experimental test of phytoplankton competition for nutrients and light in poorly mixed water columns. Ecological Monographs 82: 239-256.

Menalled FD, Marino PC, Gage SH, Landis DA. 1999. Does agricultural landscape structure affect parasitism and parasitoid diversity? Ecological Applications 9: 634-641.

Menalled F, Gross KL, Hammond M. 2001. Weed aboveground and seedbank community responses to agricultural management systems. Ecological Applications 11: 1586-1601.

Menalled F, Dauer J, Fox T, Renner K. 2001. Managing Your Farm to Increase Weed Seed Predation. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2749.

Menalled F, Liebman M, Renner K. 2003. The ecology of weed seed predation in herbaceous crop systems in Batish D, ed. Handbook of Sustainable Weed Management. Binghampton, New York, USA: The Haworth Press.

Menalled FD, Landis DA, Dyer LE. 2004. Research and extension supporting ecologically based IPM systems. Journal of Crop Improvement 11: 153-174.

Menalled FD, Landis DA. 2004. Conservation of ground beetles in annual crops. Pages 593-595 in J C, ed. Encyclopedia of Entomology. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press.

Menalled FD, Smith RG, Dauer JT, Fox TB. 2007. Impact of agricultural management on carabid communities and weed seed predation. Agriculture Ecosystems, and Environment 118: 49-54.

Menalled FD, Landis DA. 2000. Principals of field crop pest ecology. Pages 14-24 in Probyn LK CM, Mutch DR, ed. Michigan Field Crop Pest Ecology and Management. East Lansing, MI Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2704.

Menalled, FD, Landis DA, Dyer LE. 2004. Research and extension supporting ecologically based IPM systems. Journal of Crop Improvement 11: 153-174.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW. 1978. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Dubuque, Iowa, USA: Kendall Hunt.

Merritt RW, Lawson DL. 1979. Leaf litter processing in floodplain and stream communities. Pages 93-105. Strategies for Protection and Management of Floodplain Wetlands and Other Riparian Ecosystems., vol. General Technical Report. Callaway Gardens, Georgia, USA: USDA Forest Service.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW, Barnes JR. 1979. Demonstration of stream watershed community processes with some simple bioassay techniques. Pages 101-113 in Resh VH, Rosenberg DS, eds. Innovative Teaching in Aquatic Entomology, vol. 43: Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43.

Merritt RW, Lawson DL. 1981. Adult emergence patterns and species distribution and abundance of Tipulidae in three woodland floodplains. Environmental Entomology 10: 915-921.

Merritt RW, Ross DH, Larson GJ. 1982. Influence of stream temperature and seston on the growth and productionof overwintering larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Ecology 63: 1322-1331.

Merritt RW, Wuerthele W, Lawson DL. 1984. The effect of leaf conditioning on the timing of litter processing on a Michigan woodland floodplain. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 179-182.

Merritt RW, Cummins KW, Burton TM. 1984. Role of aquatic insects in the processing and cycling of nutrients. Pages 134-163 in Resh VH, Rosenberg DM, eds. Ecology of Aquatic Insects. New York City, New York, USA: Praeger.

Merritt RW, Lawson DL. 1992. Role of leaf litter macroinvertebrates in stream-floodplain dynamics. Hydrobiologia 248: 65-72.

Mhango WG, Snapp SS, Phiri GYK. 2013. Opportunities and constraints to legume diversification for sustainable maize production on smallholder farms in Malawi. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 28: 234-244.

Mickle AM, Wetzel RG. 1978. Effectiveness of submersed angiosperm-epiphyte complexes on exchange of nutrients and organic carbon in littoral systems. I. Inorganic nutrients. Aquatic Botany 4: 303-316.

—. 1978. Effectiveness of submersed angiosperm-epiphyte complexes on exchange of nutrients and organic carbon in littoral systems.  II.  Dissolved organic carbon. Aquatic Botany 4: 317-329.

—. 1979. Effectiveness of submersed angiosperm-epiphyte complexes on exchange of nutrients and organic carbon in littoral systems. III. Refractory organic carbon. Aquatic Botany 6: 339-355.

Milanez AI, Beneke ES. 1966. An unusual Saprolegnia from the Gull Lake area. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 51: 175-182.

Milanez AI. 1967. Resting spores of Phylctochytrium planicorne on Saprolegniaceae. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 50: 679-681.

Milanez AI, Beneke ES. 1968. New records of aquatic Phycomycetes from Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 53: 11-22.

Millar N, Robertson GP, Grace PR, Gehl RJ, Hoben JP. 2010. Nitrogen fertilizer management for nitrous oxide (N2O) mitigation in intensive corn (maize) production: An emissions reduction protocol for US Midwest agriculture. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 15: 185-204.

Millar N, Robertson GP, Diamant A, Gehl RJ, Grace PR, Hoben JP. 2012. Methodology for quantifying nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions reductions by reducing nitrogen fertilizer use on agricultural crops. . Little Rock, Arkansas.: American Carbon Registry.

Millar N, Robertson GP, Diamant A, Gehl RJ, Grace PR, Hoben JP. 2013. Quantifying N2O emissions reductions in US agricultural crops through N fertilizer rate reduction. . Washington, DC, USA: Verified Carbon Standard.

Miller TE. 1982. Community diversity and interactions between the size and frequency of disturbance. American Naturalist 120: 533-536.

Miller TE, Kerfoot WC. 1987. Redefining indirect effects. Pages 33-37 in Kerfoot WC, Sih A, eds. Predation: Direct and Indirect Impacts on Aquatic Communities. Hanover, Massachusetts, USA: University Press of New England.

Miller TE, Werner PA. 1987. Competitive effects and responses between plant species in a first-year old-field community. Ecology 68: 1201-1210.

Miller TE. 1987. Effects of emergence time on survival and growth in an early old-field plant community. Oecologia 72: 272-278.

—. 1994. Direct and indirect species interactions in an early old-field plant community. American Naturalist 143: 1007-1025.

Miller, TE, terHorst CP. 2012. Testing successional hypotheses of stability, heterogeneity, and diversity in pitcher-plant inquiline communities. Oecologia 170: 243-251.

Miller SJ, Wardrop DH, Mahaney WM, Brooks RR. 2006. A plant-based index of biological integrity (IBI) for headwater wetlands in central Pennsylvania. Ecological Indicators 6: 290-312.

Mitchell SF, Wetzel RG. 1980. A bioassay study of effects of zooplankton, iron and NTA on the phytoplankton productivity of a marl lake. Hydrobiologia 68: 235-241.

Mittelbach GG. 1981. Foraging efficiency and body size: a study of optimal diet and habitat use by bluegills. Ecology 62: 1370-1386.

—. 1981. Patterns of invertebrate size and abundance in aquatic habitats. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38: 896-904.

—. 1983. Optimal foraging and growth in bluegills. Oecologia 59: 157-162.

—. 1984. Predation and resource partitioning in two sunfishes (Centrarchidae). Ecology 65: 499-513.

Mittelbach G. 1984. Group size and feeding rate in bluegills. Copeia 1984: 998-1000.

Mittelbach GG, Gross KL. 1984. Experimental studies of seed predation in old-fields. Oecologia 65: 7-13.

Mittelbach GG. 1988. Competition among refuging sunfishes and effects of fish density on littoral zone invertebrates. Ecology 69: 614-623.

Mittelbach GG, Osenberg CW, Leibold MA. 1988. Trophic relations and ontogenetic niche shifts in aquatic ecosystems. Pages 219-235 in Ebenman B, Perssons L, eds. Size-structured Populations: Ecology and Evolution. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Mittelbach GG, Osenberg CW, Wainwright PC. 1992. Variation in resource abundance affects diet and feeding morphology in the pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus). Oecologia 65: 7-13.

Mittelbach GG, Osenberg CW. 1993. Stage-structured interactions in bluegill: consequences of adult resource variation. Ecology 74: 2381-2394.

—. 1994. Using foraging theory to study trophic interactions. Pages 45-49 in Stouder DJ, Fresh KL, Feller RJ, eds. Theory and Application in Fish Feeding Ecology. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press.

Mittelbach GG, Turner AM, Hall DJ, Rettig JE, Osenberg CW. 1995. Perturbation and resilience: a long-term whole-lake study of predator extinction and reintroduction. Ecology 76: 2347-2360.

Mittelbach GG, Persson L. 1998. The ontogeny of piscovory and its ecological consequences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 55: 1454-1465.

Mittelbach GC, Osenberg CW, Wainwright PC. 1999. Variation in feeding morphology between pumpkinseed populations: Phenotypic plasticity or evolution. Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: 111-128.

Mittelbach G, Steiner C, Scheiner S, Gross K, Reynolds H, Waide R, Willig M, Dodson S, Gough L. 2001. What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity? Ecology 82: 2381-2396.

Mittelbach GG, Scheiner SM, Steiner CF. 2003. What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity? Reply. Ecology 84: 3390-3395.

Mittelbach GG, Darcey-Hall TL, Dorn NJ, Garcia EA, Steiner CF, Wojdak JE. 2004. The impact of density-independent mortality on species coexistence: an experimental test with zooplankton. Oikos 107: 415-421.

Mittelbach GG. 2005. Parasites, communities and ecosystems: conclusions and perspectives. Pages 171-176 in Thomas F, Guegan JF, Renaud R, eds. Parasitism and Ecosystems. N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Mittelbach GG, Garcia EA, Taniguchi Y. 2006. Fish reintroductions reveal smooth transitions between lake community state. Ecology 87: 312-318.

Mittelbach GG, et al. 2007. Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient: speciation, extinction and biogeography. Ecology Letters 10: 315-331.

Mittelbach GG. 2010. Understanding species richness-productivity relationships: the importance of meta-analyses. Ecology 91: 2540-2544.

Mittelbach GG, Ballew NG, Kjelvik MK. 2014. Fish behavioral types and their ecological consequences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71: 927-944.

Moeller RE, Wetzel RG. 1988. Littoral vs. profundal components of sediment accumulation: contrasting roles as phosphorus sinks. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 23: 386-393.

Moeller RE, Burkholder JM, Wetzel RG. 1988. Significance of sedimentary phosphorus to a rooted submersed macrophyte (Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. and Schmidt) and its algal epiphytes. Aquatic Botany 32: 261-281.

Moghe GD, Hufnagel DE, Tang HB, Xiao YL, Dworkin I, Town CD, Conner JK, Shiu SH. 2014. Consequences of Whole-Genome Triplication as Revealed by Comparative Genomic Analyses of the Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum and Three Other Brassicaceae Species. Plant Cell 26: 1925-1937.

Mokma DL, Doolittle JA. 1993. Mapping some loamy alfisols in southwestern Michigan using ground-penetrating radar. Soil Survey Horizons 34: 71-77.

—. 1993. Mapping soils and soil properties in southwest Michigan using ground-penetrating radar. Soil Survey Horizons 34: 13-22.

Molloy JM. 1992. Diatom communities along stream longitudinal gradients. Freshwater Biology 28: 59-69.

Molongoski JJ, Klug MJ. 1976. Characterization of anaerobic heterotrophic bacteria isolated from freshwater lake sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 31: 83-90.

—. 1980. Quantification and characterization of sedimenting particulate organic matter in a shallow hypereutrophic lake. Freshwater Biology 10: 497-506.

—. 1980. Anaerobic metabolism of particulate organic matter in the sediments of a hypereutrophic lake. Freshwater Biology 10: 507-518.

Monroe BLJ. 1967. Dickcissel populations in southwestern Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 45: 124-127.

Moore FB-G, Tonsor SJ. 1994. Simulation of Wright's shifting-balance process: migration and the three phases. Evolution 48: 69-80.

Morbey YE, Brassil CE, Hendry AP. 2005. Rapid senescence in Pacific salmon. American Naturalist 166: 556-568.

Morgan MT, Conner JK. 2001. Using genetic markers to directly estimate male selection gradients. Evolution 55: 271-281.

Morling G, Forsberg C, Wetzel RG. 1985. Lake Anketjarn, a non-acidified lake in an acidified region. Oikos 44: 324-330.

Morris SJ, Pau lEA. 2002. Forest ecology and soil organic matter. Pages 109-125 in Kimble JM, Birdsey RA, Lal R, Follett RF, Heath J, eds. The Potential of US Forest Soil to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Morris SJ, Robertson GP. 2005. Linking function between scales of resolution. Pages 13-26 in Dighton J, Oudemans PV, White JF, eds. The Fungal Community. New York, New York: Marcel Dekker.

Morris SJ, Bohm S, Haile-Mariam S, Paul EA. 2007. Evaluation of carbon accrual in afforested agricultural soils. Global Change Biology 13: 1145-1156.

Mosier AR, Halvorson AD, Peterson GA, Robertson GP, Sherrod L. 2005. Measurement of net global warming potential in three agroecosystems. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 72: 67-76.

Moss B. 1972. Studies on Gull Lake, Michigan. I. Seasonal and depth distribution of phytoplankton. Freshwater Biology 2: 289-307.

—. 1972. Studies on Gull Lake, Michigan. II. Eutrophication - evidence and prognosis. Freshwater Biology 2: 309-320.

—. 1973. Influence of environmental factors on the distribution of freshwater algae: an experimental study. IV. Growth of test species in natural lake waters, and conclusion. Journal of Ecology 61: 193-211.

—. 1973. Diversity in fresh-water phytoplankton. American Midland Naturalist 90: 341-355.

Moss B, Wetzel R, Lauff GH. 1980. Annual productivity and phytoplankton changes between 1969 and 1974 in Gull Lake, Michigan. Freshwater Biology 10: 113-121.

Motyka GL, Merritt RW, Klug MJ, Miller JR. 1985. Food-finding behavior of selected aquatic detritivores: direct or indirect behavioral mechanism. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 1388-1394.

Mulder K, Bowden WB. 2007. Organismal stoichiometry and the adaptive advantage of variable nutrient use and production efficiency in Daphnia. Ecological Modelling 202: 427-440.

Mulder K HNVp-. 2008. Energy return on investment: Toward a consistent framework. AMBIO 37: 74-79.

Mulholland PJ, et al. 2001. Inter-biome comparison of factors controlling stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology 46: 1503-1517.

—. 2002. Can uptake lengths in streams be determined by nutrient addition experiments? : Results from an inter-biome comparison study. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21: 544-560.

Mulholland PJ, Valett HM, Webster JR, Thomas SA, Cooper LW, Hamilton SK, Peterson BJ. 2004. Stream denitrification and total nitrate uptake rates measured using a field N-15 tracer addition approach. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 809-820.

Mulholland PJ, et al. 2008. Stream denitrification across biomes and effects of anthropogenic nitrate loading. Nature 452: 202-205.

—. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by 15N addition experiments: 2. Denitrification. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 666-680.

Munoz JD, Steibel JP, Snapp S, Kravchenko AN. 2014. Cover crop effect on corn growth and yield as influenced by topography. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 189: 229-239.

Muscarella ME, Bird KC, Larsen ML, Placella SA, Lennon JT. 2014. Phosphorus resource heterogeneity in microbial food webs. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 73: 259-272.

Mutch D, Martin T, Kosola K. 2003. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Suppression of Common Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) in Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum). Weed Technology 17: 181-185.

Myrold DD, Reuss R, Klug MJ. 1999. Dinitrogen fixation. Pages 241-257 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Back to Top


Nalley J, Stockenreiter M, Litchman E. 2014. Community Ecology of Algal Biofuels: Complementarity and Trait-Based Approaches Industrial Biotechnology 10: 191-201.

Nedeau EJ, Merritt RW, Kaufman MG. 2003. The effect of an industrial effluent on an urban stream benthic community: water quality vs. habitat quality. Environmental Pollution 123: 1-13.

Nellesen SL, Kovar JL, Haan MM, Russell JR. 2011. Grazing management effects on stream bank erosion and phosphorus delivery to a pasture stream. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 91: 385-395

Nesslage GM, Maurer BA, Gage SH. 2007. Gypsy moth response to landscape structure differs from neutral model predictions: implications for invasion monitoring. . Biological Invasions 9: 585-595.

Ninh HT, Grandy AS, Wickings K, Snapp SS, Kirk W, Hao J. 2015. Organic amendment effects on potato productivity and quality are related to soil microbial activity. Plant and Soil 386: 223-236.

Norberg J, Urban MC, Vellend M, Klausmeier CA, Loeuille N. 2012. Eco-evolutionary responses of biodiversity to climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 747-751.

Norton JM. 2000. Nitrification. Pages C160-181 in Sumner ME, ed. Handbook of Soil Science. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Notarpietro R, et al. 2013. Towards sustainable agricultural management using highresolution X-band radar precipitation estimates. Pages 915-918. Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ICEAA 2013.

Back to Top


Oakley CG, Agren J, Atchison RA, Schemske DW. 2014. QTL mapping of freezing tolerance: links to fitness and adaptive trade-offs. Molecular Ecology 23: 4304-4315.

O'Brien JM, Hamilton SK, Kinsman-Costello LE, Lennon JT, Ostrom NE. 2012. Nitrogen transformations in a through-flow wetland revealed using whole-ecosystem pulsed N-15 additions. Limnology and Oceanography 57: 221-234.

O'Brien JM, Hamilton SK, Podzikowski L, Ostrom N. 2012. The fate of assimilated nitrogen in streams: an in situ benthic chamber study. Freshwater Biology 57: 1113-1125.

Ogrinc N, Markovics R, Kanduč T, Walter LM, Hamilton SK. 2008. Sources and transport of carbon and nitrogen in the Sava River watershed, a major tributary of the Danube River. Applied Geochemistry 23: 3685-3698.

Olendorf R, Robinson SK. 2000. Effectiveness of nest defence in the Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens. Ibis 142: 365-371.

Olendorf R, Getty T, Scribner K. 2004. Cooperative Nest Defence inRed-winged Blackbirds: Reciprocal Altruism, Kinship or By-product Mutualism? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271: 177-182.

Olendorf R, Getty T, Scribner K, Robinson S. 2004. Male red-wingedblackbirds distrust unreliable and sexually attractive neighbours. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences 271: 1033-1038.

Oliveira MD, Hamilton SK, Jacobi CM. 2010. Predicting potential spread of the Asian golden mussel (Limnoperna fortunei) in North America based on observations of its environmental tolerance in South America. Pages 165-169 in Mackie G, Claudi R, eds. Monitoring and Control of Macrofouling Mollusks in Fresh Water Systems. Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor & Francis.

Oliveira MD, Hamilton SK, Calheiros DF, Jacobi CM, Latini RO. 2010. Modeling the potential distribution of the invasive golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei in the upper Paraguay River using limnological variables. Brazilian Journal of Biology 70: 831-840.

Oliveira MD, Hamilton SK, Jacobi CM. 2010. Forecasting the expansion of the invasive golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei in Brazilian and North American rivers based on its occurrence in the Paraguay River and Pantanal wetland of Brazil. Aquatic Invasions 5: 59-73.

Oliveira MD, Hamilton SK, Calheiros DF, Jacobi CM. 2010. Oxygen depletion events in control the invasive golden mussel (Limnoperna fortunei) in a tropical floodplain. Wetlands 30: 705-716.

Oliveira MD, Calheiros DF, C.M. J, Hamilton SK. 2011. Abiotic factors controlling the establishment and abundance of the invasive golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei. Biological Invasions 13: 717-729.

Olson MH. 1992. Intuition and the logistic equation (letter). Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7: 314.

Olson M, Mittelbach GG, Osenberg CW. 1995. Competition between predator and prey: resource-based mechanisms and implications for stage-structured dynamics. Ecology 76: 1758-1771.

Olson MH. 1996. Ontogenetic niche shifts in largemouth bass: variability and consequences for first-year growth. Ecology 77: 179-190.

O'Neal ME, Landis DA, Miller JR, Difonzo CD. 2004. Corn phenology influences Diabrotica virgifera virgifera emigration and visitation to soybean in laboratory assays. Environmental Entomology 33: 35-44.

Osenberg CW, Werner EE, Mittelbach GG, Hall DJ. 1988. Growth patterns in bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and pumpkinseed (L. gibbosus) sunfish: environmental variation and the importance of ontogenetic niche shifts. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 17-26.

Osenberg CW, Mittelbach GG. 1989. Effects of body size on the predator-prey interaction between pumpkinseed sunfish and gastropods. Ecological Monographs 59: 405-432.

Osenberg CW. 1989. Resource limitation, competition and the influence of life history in a freshwater snail community. Oecologia 79: 512-519.

Osenberg CW, Mittelbach GG, Wainwright PC. 1992. Two-stage life histories in fish: the interaction between juvenile competition and adult performance. Ecology 73: 255-267.

Osenberg CW, Olson MH, Mittelbach GG. 1994. Stage structure in fishes: resource productivity and competition gradients. Pages 151-170 in Stouder DJ, Fresh KL, Feller RJ, eds. Theory and Application in Fish Feeding Ecology. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press.

Osenberg CW, Huckins CJ, Kaltenberg A, Martinez A. 2004. Resolving within- and between-population variation in feeding ecology with a biomechanical model of crushing force. Oecologia 141: 57-65.

Ostrom PH, Colunga M, Gage. SH. 1997. Establishing pathways of energy flow for insect predators using stable isotope ratios: field and laboratory evidence. Oecologia 109: 108-113.

Ostrom NE, Knoke KE, Hedin LO, Robertson GP, Smucker AJM. 1998. Temporal trends in nitrogen isotope values of nitrate leaching from an agricultural soil. Chemical Geology 146: 219-227.

Ostrom NE, Hedin LO, Fischer JCv, Robertson GP. 2002. Nitrogen transformations and NO3 removal at a soil-stream interface: a stable isotope approach. Ecological Applications 12: 1027-1043.

Ostrom NE, Pitt AJ, Sutka R, Ostrom PH, Grandy AS, Huizinga KM, Robertson GP. 2007. Isotopologue effects during N2O reduction in soils and in pure cultures of denitrifiers. . Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 112: Art. No. G02005.

Ostrom NE, Sutka RL, Ostrom PH, Grandy AS, Huizinga KH, Gandhi H, von Fisher JC, Robertson GP. 2010. Isotopologue data reveal denitrification as the primary source of N2O upon cultivation of a native temperate grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42: 499-506.

Otsuki A, Hanya T. 1972. Production of dissolved organic matter from dead green algal cells. I. Aerobic microbial decomposition. Limnology and Oceanography 17: 248-257.

—. 1972. Production of dissolved organic matter from dead green algal cells. II. Anaerobic microbial decomposition. Limnology and Oceanography 17: 258-261.

Otsuki A, Wetzel RG. 1972. Coprecipitation of phosphate with carbonates in a marl lake. Limnology and Oceanography 17: 763-767.

—. 1973. Interaction of yellow organic acids with calcium carbonate in freshwater. Limnology and Oceanography 18: 490-493.

—. 1974. Calcium and total alkalinity budgets and calcium carbonate precipitation of a small hard-water lake. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 73: 14-30.

—. 1974. Release of dissolved organic matter by autolysis of a submersed macrophyte, Scirpus subterminalis. Limnology and Oceanography 19: 842-845.

Back to Top


Pantel JH, Leibold MA, Juenger TE. 2011. Population Differentiation in Daphnia Alters Community Assembly in Experimental Ponds. American Naturalist 177: 314-322.

Pantel JH, Juenger TE, Leibold MA. 2011. Environmental gradients structure Daphnia pulex x pulicaria clonal distribution. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 723-732.

Park EJ, Smucker AJM. 2005. Erosive strengths of concentric regions within soil macroaggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69: 1912-1921.

—. 2005. Saturated hydraulic conductivity and porosity within macroaggregates modified by tillage. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69: 38-45.

—. 2005. Dynamics of carbon sequestered in concentric layers of soil magroaggregates. Korean Journal of Ecology 28: 181-188.

Park EJ, Sul WJ, Smucker AJM. 2007. Glucose additions to aggregates subjected to drying/wetting cycles promote carbon sequestration and aggregate stability. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39: 2758-2768.

Paul EA, Robertson GP. 1989. Ecology and the agricultural sciences: a false dichotomy? Ecology 70: 1594-1597.

Paul EA, Horwath WR, Harris D, Follett R, Leavitt SW, Kimball BA, Pregitzer K. 1995. Establishing the pool sizes and fluxes in CO2 emissions from soil organic matter turnover. Pages 297-305 in Lal R, Kimble J, Levine E, Stewart BA, eds. Soils and Global Change. Boca Raton, Florida: Lewis Publishers.

Paul EA, Paustian K, Elliott ET, Cole CV, eds. 1997. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Ecosystems: Long-Term Experiments in North America Boca Raton, Florida, USA: Lewis CRC Publishers.

Paul EA, Collins HP. 1998. The characteristics of soil organic matter relative to nutrient cycling. Pages 181-197 in Lal R, Blum WH, Valentine C, eds. Methods for Assessment of Soil Degradation. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Paul EA, Harris D, Collins HP, Schulthess U, Robertson GP. 1999. Evolution of CO2 and soil carbon dynamics in biologically managed, row-crop agroecosystems. Applied Soil Ecology 11: 53-65.

Paul EA. 1999. Soil biology and biochemistry: The soil biota and its processes. Pages C1-10 in Sumner ME, ed. Handbook of Soil Science. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Paul EA, Harris D, Klug M, Ruess R. 1999. The determination of microbial biomass. Pages 291-317 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Paul EA. 2000. Soil microbiology and biochemistry: Directions and challenges for the future. Pages 25-49 in Siqueira JO, Moreira FMS, Lopes AS, Giilherme LRG, Faquin V, Furtini Neto AE, Carvalho JG, eds. Soil Fertility, Soil biology, and Plant Nutrient Interrelationships. Lavras-MG, Brazil: Society Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo.

Paul EA, Collins HP, Leavitt SW. 2001. Dynamics of resistant soil carbon of Midwestern agricultural soils measured by naturally-occurring 14C abundance. Geoderma 104: 239-256.

Paul EA, Morris SJ, Bohm S. 2001. The determination of soil C pool sizes and turnover rates: Biophysical fractionation and tracers. Pages 193-206 in Lal R, Kimble JM, Follett RF, Stewart BA, eds. Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Paul EA, Morris SJ, Six J, Paustian K, Gregorich EG. 2003. Interpretation of soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in agricultural and afforested soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67: 1620-1628.

Paul EA, Morris SJ, Conant RT, Plante AF. 2006. Does the acid hydrolysis-incubation method measure meaningful soil organic carbon pools? Soil Science Society of America Journal 70: 1023-1035.

Paustian K, Parton WJ, Persson J. 1992. Modeling soil organic matter in organic-amended and nitrogen-fertilized long-term plots. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56: 476-488.

Paustian K, Robertson GP, Elliott ET. 1995. Management impacts on carbon storage and gas fluxes (CO2, CH4) in mid-latitude cropland. Pages 69-84 in Lal R, Kimble J, Levine E, Stewart BA, eds. Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect. Boca Raton, Florida: Lewis Publishers.

Paustian K, Elliot ET, Collins HP, Cole CV, Paul EA. 1995. Use of a network of long-term experiments for analysis of soil carbon dynamics and global change: The North American model. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35: 929-939.

Paustian K, Agren GI, Bosatta E. 1997. Modeling litter quality effects on decompostion and soil organic matter dynamics. Pages 313-336 in Cadisch G, Giller KE, eds. Driven by Nature. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Paustian K, Collins HP, E.A. P. 1997. Management controls on soil carbon. Pages 15-49 in Paul EA, Paustian K, Elliott ET, Cole CV, eds. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems: Long-Term Experiments in North America. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Paustian K, Levine E, Post WM, Ryzhova IM. 1997. The use of models to integrate information and understanding of soil C at the regional scale. Pages 227-260 in Insam H, McBratney AB, McSweeney K, Sparks DL, eds. Geoderma, vol. 79. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Payne EK, Burgin AJ, Hamilton SK. 2009. Sediment nitrate manipulation using porewater equilibrators reveals potential for N and S coupling in freshwaters. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 54: 233-241.

Peart D. 1985. Quantitative representation of seed and pollen dispersal. Ecology 66: 1081-1083.

Penhale PA, Wetzel RG. 1983. Structural and functional adaptations of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) to the anaerobic sediment environment. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 1421-1428.

Pennings SC, Clark CM, Cleland EE, Collins SL, Gough L, Gross KL, Milchunas DG, Suding KN. 2005. Do individual plant species show predictable responses to nitrogen addition across multiple experiments? Oikos 110: 547-555.

Penton CR, Devol AH, Tiedje JM. 2006. Molecular evidence for the broad distribution of anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria in freshwater and marine sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 6829-6832.

Petchey OL, Downing AL, Mittelbach GG, Persson L, Steiner CF, Warren PH, Woodward G. 2004. Species loss and the structure and functioning of multitrophic aquatic systems. Oikos 104: 467-478.

Petersen B, Stuart D. 2014. Explanations of a changing landscape: A critical examination of the British Columbia bark beetle epidemic. Environment and Planning A 46: 598-613.

Petersen RC, Cummins KW. 1974. Leaf processing in a woodland stream. Freshwater Biology 4: 343-368.

Petersen SO, Klug MJ. 1994. Effects of sieving, storage, and incubation temperature on the phospholipid fatty acid profile of a soil microbial community. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60: 2421-2430.

Peterson BJ, et al. 2001. Control of nitrogen export from watersheds by headwater streams. Science 292: 86-90.

Petipren MF, Knight AW. 1970. Oxygen consumption of the dragon fly, Anax junius. Journal of Insect Physiology 16: 449-459.

Pettit N, Bayliss P, Davies P, Hamilton SK, Warfe D, Bunn SE, Douglas MM. 2011. Seasonal contrasts in carbon resources and ecological processes on a tropical floodplain. Freshwater Biology 56: 1047-1064.

Pettit NE, Jardine TD, Hamilton SK, Sinnamon V, Valdez D, Davies PM, Douglas MM, Bunn SE. 2012. Seasonal changes in water quality and macrophytes and the impact of cattle on tropical floodplain waterholes. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 788-800.

Phillips CJ, Harris D, Dollhopf SL, Gross KL, Prosser JI, Paul EA. 2000. Effects of agronomic treatments on the structure and function of ammonia oxidizing communities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 5410-5418.

Phillips CJ, Paul EA, Prosser JI. 2000. Quantitative analysis of ammonia oxidising bacteria using competitive PCR. FEMS Microbial Ecology 32: 167-175.

Pierce PA. 1982. Behavior of fledgling Great Blue Herons in a Michigan heronry. Jack-Pine Warbler 60: 4-14.

Pietola LM, Smucker AJM. 1995. Fine root dynamics of alfalfa after multliple cuttings and during a late invasion by weeds. Agronomy Journal 87: 1161-1169.

Pietola L, Smucker AJM. 2006. Elimination of non-root residue by image analysis of very fine roots. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 53: 92-97.

Pinto PD, Litchman E. 2010. Eco-physiological responses of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria to light. . Hydrobiologia 639: 63-68.

—. 2010. Interactive effects of N:P ratios and light on nitrogen fixer abundance. . Oikos 119: 567-575.

Pors B, Werner PA. 1989. Individual flowering time in a goldenrod (Solidago canadensis:)field experiment shows genotype more important than environment. American Journal of Botany 76: 1681-1688.

Porter TW. 1991. Phyllopoda of Michigan. Michigan Academician 24: 171-176.

Porter J, et al. 2005. Wireless sensor networks for ecology. Bioscience 55: 561-572.

Potvin MA, Werner PA. 1983. Water use physiologies of co-occurring goldenrods (Solidago juncea and S. canadensis): Implications for natural distributions. Oecologia 56: 148-152.

—. 1984. Seasonal patterns in water relations of two species of goldenrods (Solidago) grown on an experimental soil moisture gradient. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 111: 171-178.

Probyn LK, Cavigelli MA, Mutch DR, eds. 2000. Michigan Field Crop Pest Ecology and Management East Lansing, Michigan, USA: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2704.

Back to Top


Raikow DF, Hamilton. SK. 2001. Bivalve diets in an midwestern US stream: a stable isotope enrichment study. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 514-522.

Raikow D. 2004. Food web interactions between larval bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and exotic zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61: 497-504.

Raikow DF, Sarnelle O, Wilson AE, Hamilton SK. 2004. Dominance of the noxious cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa in low-nutrient lakes is associated with exotic zebra mussels. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 482-487.

Ramsey J, Schemske DW. 2002. Neopolyploidy in flowering plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 589-639.

Ramsey J, Bradshaw HD, Schemske DW. 2003. Components of reproductive isolation between the monkeyflowers Mimulus lewisii and M-cardinalis (Phrymaceae). Evolution 57: 1520-1534.

Rasmussen PE, Collins HP, Smiley RW. 1989. Long-Term Management Effects on Soil Productivity and Crop Yield in Semi-Arid Regions of Eastern Oregon. Pendleton, Oregon: USDA-Agricultural Research Service and Agricultural Experiment Station.

Rasse DP, Smucker AJM. 1998. Root recolonization of pervious root channels in corn and alfalfa rotations. Plant and Soil 204: 203-212.

Rasse DP, Smucker AJM, Schabenberger O. 1999. Modifications of soil nitrogen pools in response to alfalfa root systems and shoot mulch. Agronomy Journal 91: 471-477.

Rasse DP, Smucker AJM. 1999. Tillage effects on soil nitrogen and plant biomass in a corn-alfalfa rotation. Journal of Environmental Quality 28: 873-880.

Rasse DP, Ritchie JT, Peterson WR, Loudon TL, Martin EC. 1999. Nitrogen management impacts on yield and nitrate leaching in inbred maize systems. Journal of Environmental Quality 28: 1365-1371.

Rasse DP, Smucker AJM. 2000. Alfalfa root and shoot mulching effects on soil hydraulic properties and aggregation. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 725-731.

Rasse DP, Ritchie JT, Peterson WR, Wei J, Smucker AJM. 2000. Rye cover crop and nitrogen fertilization effects on nitrate leaching in inbred maize fields. Journal of Environmental Quality 29: 298-304.

Reddy CK, Dazzo FB. 2004. Computer-assisted segmentation of bacteria in color micrographs. Microscopy & Analysis 18: 5-7.

Redfearn PL, Jr., Halbert RL. 1969. Mosses from southern Michigan: new distributional records. Michigan Botanist 8: 120-130.

Redman A, Scriber JM. 2000. Competition between gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, and the northern tiger swallowtail, Papilip canadensis: interactions mediated by host plant chemistry, pathogens, and parasitoids. Oecologia 125: 218-228.

Reed WL, Turner AM, Sotherland PR. 1999. Consequences of egg size variation in red winged blackbirds. Auk 116: 549-552.

Reeves JB, Francis BA, Hamilton SK. 2005. Specular reflection and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of soils. Applied Spectroscopy 59: 39-46.

Reice SR. 1974. Environment patchiness and the breakdown of leaf litter in a woodland stream. Ecology 55: 1271-1282.

Reid NJ, Hamilton SK. 2007. Controls on algal abundance in a eutrophic river with varying degrees of impoundment (Kalamazoo River, Michigan, USA). Lake and Reservoir Management 23: 219-230.

Reilly J, et al. 2003. U.S. agriculture and climate change: New results. Climatic Change 57: 43-69.

Rettig JF, Fuller RC, Corbett AL, Getty T. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry indicates levels of competiton in an even-aged poplar clone. Oikos 80: 123-127.

Rettig JE. 1998. Variation in species composition of the larval assemblage in four southwest Michigan lakes:  using allozyme analysis to identify larval sunfish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 127: 661-668.

Rettig JE, Mittelbach GG. 2002. Interactions between adult and larval bluegill sunfish: positive and negative effects. Oecologia 130: 222-230.

Rettig JE. 2003. Zooplankton responses to predation by larval bluegill:an enclosure experiment. Freshwater Biology 48: 636-648.

Reynolds HL, D'Antonio C. 1996. The ecological significance of plasticity in root weight ratio in response to nitrogen:  Opinion. Plant and Soil 185: 75-97.

Reynolds HL, Hungate BA, Chapin FS, III, D'Antonio CM. 1997. Soil  heterogeneity and plant competition in an annual grassland. Ecology 78: 2076-2090.

Reynolds H. 1999. Plant Interactions: Competition. Pages 649-676 in Pugnaire FI, Valladares F, eds. Handbook of Functional Plant Ecology. New York: M. Dekker.

Reynolds HL, Mittelbach GG, Darcy-Hall TL, Houseman GR, Gross KL. 2007. No effect of varying soil resource heterogeneity on plant species richness in a low fertility grassland. Journal of Ecology 95: 723-733.

Reznick D, Nunney L, Tessier. AJ. 2000. Big houses, big cars, superfleas and the costs of reproduction. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 421-425.

Rhodes AN, Urbance JW, Youga H, Corlew-Newman H, Reddy CA, Klug MJ, Tiedje JM, Fisher DC. 1998. Identification of bacterial isolates obtained from intestinal contents associated with 12,000-year-old mastadon remains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 651-658.

Riber HH, Wetzel RG. 1987. Boundary-layer and internal diffusion effects on phosphorus fluxes in lake periphyton. Limnology and Oceanography 32: 1181-1194.

Rich PH, Wetzel RG. 1969. A simple, sensitive underwater photometer. Limnology and Oceanography 14: 611-613.

Rich PH. 1970. Post-settlement influences upon a southern Michigan marl lake. Michigan Botanist 9: 3-9.

Rich PH, Wetzel RG, Thuy NV. 1971. Distribution, production and role of aquatic macrophytes in a southern Michigan marl lake. Freshwater Biology 1: 3-21.

Rich PH, Wetzel RG. 1972. The benthic carbon budget of a southern Michigan marl lake. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 18: 157-161.

—. 1978. Detritus in the lake ecosystem. American Naturalist 112: 57-71.

Richardson TE, Stephenson AG. 1991. Effects of parentage, prior fruit set and pollen load on fruit and seed production in Campanula americana L. Oecologia 87: 80-85.

Richey JE, et al. 1978. Carbon flow in four lake ecosystems: a structural approach. Science 202: 1183-1186.

Rillig MC, Ramsey PW, Morris S, Paul EA. 2003. Glomalin, an arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungal soil protein, responds to land-use change. Plant and Soil 253: 293-299.

Ritchie JT, Gerakis A, Suleiman A. 1999. Simple model to estimate field-measured soil water limits. Transactions of the American Society of Agriculture Engineers 42: 1609-1614.

Ritchie JT, We iJ. 2000. Models of kernel number in maize. Pages 75-88 in Westgate M BK, ed. Physiology and Modeling Kernel Set in Maize, vol. Special Publication 29. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society of America.

Robbins RJ, Casbon C, Hattis GE. 1975. Observation of birds exploiting a central Michigan fruit tree. Jack-Pine Warbler 53: 118-125.

Robertson BA, Doran PJ, Loomis LR, Robertson JR, Schemske DW. 2011. Perennial biomass feedstocks enhance avian diversity. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 3: 235-246.

Robertson BA, et al. 2012. Are Agrofuels a Conservation Threat or Opportunity for Grassland Birds in the United States? Condor 114: 679-688.

Robertson GP. 1986. Nitrogen: regional contributions to the global cycle. Environment 28: 16-20,29.

Robertson GP, Rosswall T. 1986. Nitrogen in West Africa: the regional cycle. Ecological Monographs 56: 43-72.

Robertson GP. 1987. Geostatistics in ecology: interpolating with known variance. Ecology 68: 744-748.

Robertson GP, Tiedje JM. 1987. Nitrous oxide sources in aerobic soils: nitrification, denitrification and other biological processes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19: 187-193.

Robertson GP, Vitousek PM, Matson PA, Tiedje JM. 1987. Denitrification in a clearcut loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation in the southeastern US. Plant and Soil 97: 119-129.

Robertson GP, Huston MA, Evans FC, Tiedje JM. 1988. Spatial variability in a successional plant community: patterns of nitrogen availability. Ecology 69: 1517-1524.

Robertson GP, Tiedje JM. 1988. Deforestation alters denitrification in a lowland tropical rain forest. Nature 336: 756-759.

Robertson GP. 1989. Nitrification and denitrification in humid tropical ecosystems: potential controls on nitrogen retention. Pages 55-69 in Proctor J, ed. Mineral Nutrients in Tropical Forest and Savanna Ecosystems. Oxford, England, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Robertson GP, et al. 1989. Group report. Trace gas exchange and the chemical and physical climate: critical interactions. Pages 303-320 in Andreae MO, Schimel DS, eds. Exchange of Trace Gases Between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosphere. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Robertson GP. 1991. The KBS LTER Project. Pages 86-92. Long-Term Ecological Research in the United States 6th edition. Seattle, Washington: LTER Network Office.

—. 1993. Fluxes of nitrous oxide and other nitrogen trace gases from intensively managed landscapes: a global perspective. Pages 95-108. Agricultural Ecosystem Effects on Trace Gases and Global Climate Change. ASA Special Publication 55   vol. 55. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: American Society of Agronomy

Robertson GP, Crum JR, Ellis BG. 1993. Spatial variability of soil resources following long-term disturbance. Oecologia 96: 451-456.

Robertson GP, Gross KL. 1994. Assessing the heterogeneity of below-ground resources: quantifying pattern and scale. Pages 237-253 in Caldwell MM, Pearcy RW, eds. Exploitation of Environmental Heterogeneity by Plants. San Diego, California, USA: Academic Press.

Robertson GP. 1994. The impact of soil and crop management practices on soil spatial heterogeneity. Pages 156-161 in Pankhurse CE, Doube BM, Gupta VVSR, Grace PR, eds. Soil Biota Management in Sustainable Farming Systems. EAST MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA: CSIRO.

Robertson GP, Freckman DW. 1995. The spatial distribution of nematode trophic groups across a cultivated ecosystem. Ecology 76: 1425-1432.

Robertson GP, Klingensmith KM, Klug M, J., Paul EA, Crum JR, Ellis BG. 1997. Soil resources, microbial activity, and primary production across an agricultural ecosystem. Ecological Applications 7: 158-170.

Robertson GP. 1997. Nitrogen use efficiency in row-crop agriculture: crop nitrogen use and soil nitrogen loss. Pages 347-365 in Jackson LE, ed. Ecology in Agriculture. New York, New York, USA: Academic Press.

—. 1998. Row crops as ecosystems. Pages 1-16 in Cavigelli MA, Deming SR, Probyn LK, Harwood RR, eds. Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing Biological Processes for Productivity and Environmental Quality, vol. E-2646: Michigan State University.

Robertson GP, Paul EA. 1998. Ecological research in agricultural ecosystems: contributions to ecosystem science and to the management of agronomic resources. Pages 142-164 in Pace ML, Groffman PM, eds. Successes, Limitations and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Robertson GP. 1998. Field crop ecosystems. Pages 1-16 in Cavigelli MA, Deming SR, Probyn LK, Harwood RR, eds. Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing Biological Processes for Productivity and Environmental Quality. East Lansing, Michigan, USA: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2646.

Robertson GP, Blair JM, Groffman PM, D.Harris, Holland E, Nadelhoffer K, Wedin D. 1999. Soil carbon and nitrogen availability: nitrogen mineralizaton, nitrification, and soil respiration potentials. Pages 258-271 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. 1999. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Robertson GP, Sollins P, Ellis BG, Lajtha K. 1999. Exchangeable ions, pH, and cation exchange capacity. Pages 106- 114 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Robertson GP. 2000. Denitrification. Pages C181-190 in Sumner ME, ed. Handbook of Soil Science. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Robertson GP, Paul. EA. 2000. Decomposition and soil organic matter dynamics. Pages 104-116 in Osvaldo ES, Jackson RB, Mooney HA, Howarth RW, eds. Methods in Ecosystem Science. New York, New York, USA: Springer Verlag, .

Robertson GP, Paul EA, Harwood RR. 2000. Greenhouse gases in intensive agriculture: Contributions of Individual gases to the radiative forcing of the atmosphere. Science 289: 1922-1925.

Robertson GP, Harwood RR. 2001. Sustainable agriculture. Pages 99- 108 in Levin SA, ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. New York: Academic Press.

Robertson GP, Barry PJ, Busta FF, Collier R, Keen NT, Sederoff RR, Simpkins WW, Stormshak F, Urban TN. 2001. Moribund funding in agricultural research (Letter). Science 291: 2089-2090.

Robertson GP, Broome JC, Chornesky EA, Frankenberger JR, Johnson P, Lipson M, Miranowski JA, Owens ED, Pimentel D, Thrupp LA. 2004. Rethinking the vision for environmental research in U.S. agriculture. BioScience 54: 61-65.

Robertson GP, Grace PR. 2004. Greenhouse gas fluxes in tropical and temperate agriculture: The need for a full-cost accounting of global warming potentials. Environment, Development and Sustainability 6: 51-63.

Robertson GP. 2004. Abatement of nitrous oxide, methane, and the other non-CO2 greenhouse gases: The need for a systems approach. Pages 493-506 in Field CB, Raupach MR, eds. The Global Carbon Cycle: Intergrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Robertson GP, Swinton. SM. 2005. Reconciling agricultural productivity and environmental integrity: A grand challenge for agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 38-46.

Robertson GP, Groffman P. 2007. Nitrogen transformations. Pages 341-364 in Paul EA CF, ed. Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Academic Press.

Robertson GP. 2008. Long-term ecological research: re-inventing network science. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 281-281.

Robertson GP, et al. 2008. Long-term agricultural research: A research, education, and extension imperativ. Bioscience 58: 640-645

—. 2008. Agriculture - Sustainable biofuels Redux. Science 322: 49-50

Robertson BA, Fontaine JJ, Loomis E. 2009. Seasonal Patterns of Song Structure Variation in a Suboscine Passerine. Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 121: 815-818.

Robertson GP, Vitousek PM. 2009. Nitrogen in Agriculture: Balancing the Cost of an Essential Resource. Pages 97-125. Annual review of Environment and Resources.

Robertson GP, Hamilton SK, Del Grosso SJ, Parton WJ. 2010. Growing plants for fuel: Predicting effects on water, soil, and the atmosphere.: Ecological Society of America.

Robertson GP. 2012. Long-term ecological research. . Pages 237-240 in Fogel D, Fredericks S, Butler Harrington L, Smith W, eds. The Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability: Measurements, indicators, and research methods for sustainability. . Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA.: Berkshire Publishing

Robertson GP, et al. 2012. Long-Term Ecological Research in a Human-Dominated World. Bioscience 62: 342-353.

Robertson GP, Harwood RR. 2013. Sustainable Agriculture. Pages 111-118 in Levin SA, ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Second edition vol. Volume 1. . Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.: Academic Press.

Robertson GP, Bruulsema TW, Gehl RJ, Kanter D, Mauzerall DL, Rotz CA, Williams CO. 2013. Nitrogen-climate interactions in US agriculture. Biogeochemistry 114: 41-70.

Robertson, GP, Gross KL, Hamilton SK, Landis DA, Schmidt TM, Snapp SS, Swinton SM. 2014. Farming for Ecosystem Services: An Ecological Approach to Production Agriculture. Bioscience 64: 404-415.

Robertson B, Kriska G, Horvath V, Horvath G. 2010. Glass buildings as bird feeders: urban birds exploit insects trapped by polarized light pollution. ACTA Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56: 283-292.

Robertson BA, Doran PJ, Loomis ER, Robertson JR, Schemske DW. 2011. Avian Use of Perennial Biomass Feedstocks as Post-Breeding and Migratory Stopover Habitat. PLOS One 6: Article Number: e16941.

Robertson GP, Hamilton SK, Del Grosso SJ, Parton WJ. 2011. The biogeochemistry of bioenergy landscapes: carbon, nitrogen, and water considerations. Ecological Applications 21: 1055-1067.

Robinson TMP, Gross KL. 2010. The impact of altered precipitation variability on annual weed species. American Journal of Botany 97: 1625-1629.

Robinson TMP, La Pierre KJ, Vadeboncoeur MA, Byrne KM, Thomey ML, Colby SE. 2013. Seasonal, not annual precipitation drives community productivity across ecosystems. Oikos 122: 727-738.

Rodrigues JLM, Duffy MA, Tessier AJ, Ebert D, Mouton L, Schmidt TM. 2008. Phylogenetic characterization and prevalence of "Spirobacillus cienkowskii," a red-pigmented, spiral-shaped bacterial pathogen of freshwater Daphnia species. . Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74: 1575-1582.

Rogers CM, Caro MJ. 1998. Song sparrows, top carnivores and nest predation:  a test of the mesopredator release hypothesis. Oecologia 116: 227-233.

Rogers CM. 2006. Nesting success and breeding biology of Cerulean Warblers in Michigan. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118: 145-151.

Rogers, CM. 2011. Use of Fecundity Measured Directly Throughout the Breeding Season to Test a Source-Sink Demographic Model. Conservation Biology 25: 1212-1219.

Rogers CM.  2013. Minimum Annual Survival Estimates of Male Cerulean Warblers (Setophaga Cerulea) in Southwestern Michigan. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125: 370-375.

Roles AJ, Conner JK. 2008. Fitness effects of mutation accumulation in a natural outbred population of wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum): Comparison of field and greenhouse environments. Evolution 62: 1066-1075.

Roltsch WJ, Gage SH. 1990. Potato leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) movement, oviposition, and feeding response patterns in relation to host and nonhost vegetation. Environmental Entomology 19: 524-533.

—. 1990. Influence of bean-tomato intercropping on population dynamics of the potato leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Environmental Entomology 19: 534-543.

Ronner U. 1985 Nitrogen transformations in the Baltic proper-denitrification counteracts eutrophication. Ambio 14: 134-138.

Rosenzweig C, et al. 2013. The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP): Protocols and pilot studies. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 170: 166-182.

Royer AM, Schultheis EH. 2014. Evolving Better Cars: Teaching Evolution by Natural Selection with a Digital Inquiry Activity. American Biology Teacher 76: 259-264.

Ruan LL, Robertson GP. 2013. Initial nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, and methane costs of converting conservation reserve program grassland to row crops under no-till vs. conventional tillage. Global Change Biology 19: 2478-2489.

Russell CA, Kosola KR, Paul EA, Robertson GP. 2004. Nitrogen cycling in poplar stands defoliated by insects. Biogeochemistry 68: 365-381.

Rutledge CE, O'Neil RJ, Fox TB, Landis DA. 2004. Soybean aphid predators and their use in integrated pest management. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 240-248.

Rutter MT, Roles A, Conner JK, Shaw RG, Shaw FH, Schneeberger K, Ossowski S, Weigel D, Fenster CB. 2012. Fitness of Arabidopsis Thaliana Mutation Accumulation Lines Whose Spontaneous Mutations Are Known. Evolution 66: 2335-2339.

Back to Top


Sadaka SS, Richard TL, Loecke TD, Liebman M. 2006 Determination of compost respiration rates using pressure sensors. Compost Science & Utilization 14: 124-131.

Sahli HF, Conner JK. 2006. Characterizing ecological generalization in plant-pollination systems. Oecologia 148: 365-372.

—. 2007. Visitation, effectiveness, and efficiency of 15 genera of visitors to wild radish, Raphanus raphanismum (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 94: 203-209.

Sahli HF, Conner JK, Shaw FH, Howe S, Lale A. 2008. Adaptive Differentiation of Quantitative Traits in the Globally Distributed Weed, Wild Radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). Genetics 180: 945-955.

Sahli HF, Conner JK. 2011. Testing for conflicting and nonadditive selection: floral adaptation to multiple pollinators through male and female fitness. Evolution 65: 1457-1473.

Sale PJM, Wetzel RG. 1983. Growth and metabolism of Typha species in relation to cutting treatments. Aquatic Botany 15: 321-334.

Sanchez JE, Willson TC, Kizilkaya K, Parker E. 2001. Enhancing the mineralizable nitrogen pool through substrate diversity in long-term cropping systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65: 1442-1447.

Sanchez JE, Harwood RR, LeCureux J, Shaw JE, Shaw M, Smalley S, Smeenk J, Voelker R. 2001. Integrated Cropping System for Corn-Sugar Beet-Dry Bean Rotation. East lansing, Michigan, USA: Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2738.

Sanchez JE, Paul EA, Willson TC, Smeenk JP, Harwood RR. 2002. Corn root effects on the nitrogen-supplying capacity of a conditioned soil. Agronomy Journal 94: 391-396.

Sanchez JE, Harwood RR, Willson TC, Kizilkaya K, Smeenk J, Parker E, Paul EA, Knezek BD, Robertson GP. 2004. Managing soil carbon and nitrogen for productivity and environmental quality. Agronomy Journal 96: 769-775.

Santo Domingo JW, Kaufman MG, Klug MJ, Holben WE, Harris D, Tiedje JM. 1998. Influence of diet on the structure and function of the bacterial hindgut community of crickets. Molecular Ecology 7: 761-767.

Santos D, Murphy SLS, Taubner H, Smucker AJM, Horn R. 1996. Uniform separation of concentric surface layers from soil aggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 61: 720-724.

Sarnelle O, Wilson AE, Hamilton SK, Knoll LB, Raikow DF. 2005. Complex interactions between the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, and the harmful phytoplankter, Microcystis aeruginosa. Limnology and Oceanography 50: 896-904.

Sarnelle O, White JD, Horst GP, Hamilton SK. 2012. Phosphorus addition reverses the positive effect of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) on the toxic cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Water Research 46: 3471-3478.

Scheiner SM, Cox SB, Willig M, Mittelbach GG, Osenberg C, Kaspari M. 2000. Species richness, species-area curves and Simpson's paradox. Evolutionary Ecology Research 2: 791-802.

Schemske DW, Bierzychudek P. 2007. Spatial differentiation for flower color in the desert annual Linanthus parryae: Was Wright right? Evolution 61: 2528-2543.

Schemske DW. 2009. Biotic interactions and speciation in the tropics. in Butlin RK, Bridle JR, Schluter D, eds. Speciation and patterns of diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schemske DW, Mittelbach GG, Cornell HV, Sobel JM, Roy K. 2009. Is There a Latitudinal Gradient in the Importance of Biotic Interactions? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 40: 245-269.

Schemske DW. 2010. Adaptation and The Origin of Species. American Naturalist 176 suppl. 1: S4-S25.

Schemske DW. 2010. Darwinian Thinking: 150 Years after The Origin. American Naturalist 176: S1-S3.

Schimel J, et al. 1992. Impacts of trace gas fluxes in mid-latitude ecosystems. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 42: 124-132.

Schoolmaster DR. 2013. Resource competition and coexistence in heterogeneous metacommunities: many-species coexistence is unlikely to be facilitated by spatial variation in resources. PeerJ 1: e136.

Schoolmaster, DR, Mittelbach GG, Gross KL. 2014. Resource competition and community response to fertilization: the outcome depends on spatial strategies. Theoretical Ecology 7: 127-135.

Schmidt GD, Esch GW, Gibbons JW. 1970. Neoechinorhynchus chelonos, a new species of acanthocephalan parasite of turtles. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 37: 172-174.

Schmidt TM. 2006. The maturing of microbial ecology. International Microbiology 9: 217-223.

Schuette JL, Klug MJ, Klomparens KL. 1994. Influence of stem lacunar structure on gas transport: relation to the oxygen transport potential of submersed vascular plants. Plant Cell and Environment 17: 355-365.

Schuette JL, Klug MJ. 1995. Evidence for mass flow in flowering individuals of the submersed vascular plant Myriophyllum heterophyllum. Plant Physiology 108: 1251-1258.

Schuette JL. 1996. Lacunar pressures in Myriophyllum heterophyllum:  manometric measurement and diurnal gas dynamics in field populations. Aquatic Botany 54: 321-336.

Schultheis EH, Kjelvik MK. 2015. Data Nuggets: Bringing Real Data into the Classroom to Unearth Students' Quantitative & Inquiry Skills. American Biology Teacher 77: 19-26.

Schwaderer AS, Yoshiyama K, Pinto PT, Swenson NG, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2011. Eco-evolutionary differences in light utilization traits and distributions of freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 56: 589-598.

Scriber JM, Bossart JL, Snider DM. 1992. Diagnostic alleles from electrophoresis distinguish two noctuid pest species, Hydraecia immanis and H. micacea Lepidoptera: Noctuidae. Great Lakes Entomologist 25: 91-98.

Scriber JM. 1994. Climate legacies and sex chromosomes:  latitudinal patterns of voltinism, diapause and host-plant selection in 2 species of swallowtail butterflies at their hybrid zone. Pages 133-171 in Danks HV, ed. Insect Life-Cycle Polymorphism: Theory, Evolution and Ecological Consequences for Seasonality and Diapause Control. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.

Scriber JM, Gage S. 1995. Pollution and global change: plant ecotones, butterfly hybrid zones and changes in biodiversity. Pages 319-344 in Scriber JM, Tsubaki Y, Lederhouse RC, eds. The Swallowtail Butterflies:  Their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Gainsville, Florida, USA: Scientific Publishers.

Scriber JM, Lederhouse RC, Dowell R. 1995. Hybridization studies with North American swallowtails. Pages 269-281 in Scriber JM, Tsubaki Y, Lederhouse RC, eds. The Swallowtail Butterflies:  Their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Gainsville, Florida, USA: Scientific Publishers.

Scriber JM, Tsubaki Y, Lederhouse RC, eds. 1995. The Swallowtail Butterflies: Their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Gainsville, Florida, USA: Scientific Publishers.

Scriber JM, Weir K, Parry D, Deering J. 1999. Using hybrid and backcross larvae of Papilio canadensis and Papilio glaucus to detect induced phytochemical resistance in hybrid poplar trees experimentally defoliated by gypsy moths. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 91: 233-236.

Scriber JM. 2001. Bt. or not Bt; Is that the question? Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 98: 12328-12330.

Scriber JM, Keefover K, Nelson S. 2002. Hot summer temperatures may stop movement of Papilio canadensis butterflies and genetic introgression south of the hybrid zone in the North American Great Lakes Region. Ecography 25: 184-192.

Scriber JM. 2002. Evolution of insect-plant relationships; Chemical constraints, coadaptation and concordance of insect/plant traits. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 104: 217-235.

—. 2002. Latitudinal and local geographic mosaics in host plant preferences as shaped by thermal units and voltinism in Papilio spp. (Lepidoptera). European Journal of Entomology 99: 225-239.

Scriber JM, Deering M, Donovan J, Hereau H, Ording G, Stump A. 2002. Species at the edge: Island refuges, interspecific hybridization, and climate-driven range extensions of North American butterflies. Proceedings 10th Insects in Captivity Conference 10: 178-185.

Scriber JM, Stump A, Deering M. 2003. Hybrid zone ecology and tiger swallowtail trait clines in North America. Pages 367-391 in Boggs C WW, Erlich P, ed. Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight: Butterflies as Model Study Systems. Chicago, Illinois, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Scriber JM. 2004. Non-target impacts of forest defoliator management options: Decision for no spraying may have worse impacts on non-target Lepidoptera than Bacillus thuringiensis insecticides. Journal of Insect Conservation 8: 241-261.

Scriber JM, Ording GJ. 2005. Ecological speciation without host plant specialization: Possible origins of a recently described cryptic Papilio species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 115: 247-263.

Scriber JM. 2005. The “feeding specialization/ physiological efficiency” hypothesis: a review on 50 years of difficulties, and strong support from the North American Lauraceae-specialist, Papilio Troilus (Papilionidae: Lepidoptera). Pages 1-42. Trends in Entomology, vol. 4.

Searchinger TD, et al. 2009. Fixing a Critical Climate Accounting Error. Science 326: 527-528.

—. 2010. Carbon Calculations to Consider Response. Science 327: 781-781.

—. 2010. Bioenergy: Counting on Incentives Response. Science 327: 1200-1201.

Senthilkumar S, Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP. 2009. Topography Influences Management System Effects on Total Soil Carbon and Nitrogen. Soil Science society of America Journal 73: 2059-2067

Senthilkumar S, Basso B, Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP. 2009. Contemporary Evidence of Soil Carbon Loss in the US Corn Belt. Soil Science society of America Journal 73: 2078-2086

Shade, A, Peter H, Allison SD, Baho DL, Berga M, Burgmann H, Huber DH, Langenheder S, Lennon JT, Martiny JBH, Matulich KL, Schmidt TM, Handelsman J. 2012. Fundamentals of microbial community resistance and resilience. Frontiers in Microbiology 3.

Sharov A, Pijanowski BC, Liebold A, Gage SH. 1999. What affected the rate of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) spread in Michigan: Winter temperature or forest susceptibility? Agriculture and Forest Entomology 1: 37-45.

Shcherbak I, Robertson GP. 2014. Determining the Diffusivity of Nitrous Oxide in Soil using In Situ Tracers. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78: 79-88.

Shcherbak I, Millar N, Robertson GP. 2014. Global metaanalysis of the nonlinear response of soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions to fertilizer nitrogen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111: 9199-9204.

Sheath RG, Burkholder JM. 1985. Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island. II. Composition and seasonal dynamics of macroalgal communities. Hydrobiologia 128: 109-118.

Sheath RG, Burkholder JM, Hambrook  JA, Hogeland AM, Hoy  E, Kane ME, Morison MO, Steinman AD, Van Alstyne KL. 1986. Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island. III. Distribution of macrophytic vegetation in a small drainage basin. Hydrobiologia 140: 183-191.

Shurin J. 2000. Dispersal limitation, invasion resistance and the structure of pond zooplankton communities. Ecology 81: 3074- 3086.

Shurin J, Havel J, Leibold M, Pinel-Alloul. B. 2000. Local and regional zooplankton species richness: a scale independent test for saturation. Ecology 81: 3062-3073.

Shurin. JB. 2001. Interactive Effects of Predation and Dispersal on Zooplankton Communities. Ecology 82: 3404-3416.

Shurin JB, RL Abbott, MS Deal, G Kwan, E Litchman, R McBride, S Mandal and VH Smith. 2013. Industrial-strength ecology: Tradeoffs and opportunities in algal biofuel production. Ecology Letters 16: 1393-1404.

Sih A, Baltus M-S. 1987. Patch size, pollinator behavior, and pollinator limitation in catnip. Ecology 68: 1679-1690.

Sinsabaugh RL, Klug MJ, Collins HP, Yeager PE, Peterson SO. 1999. Characterizing soil microbial communities. Pages 318-348 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sinsabaugh RL, Reynolds H. 2000. Long TM Rapid assay for amidohydrolase (urease) activity in environmental samples. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 32: 2095-2097.

Sippel SJ, Hamilton SK, Melacks JM, Novo EMM. 1998. Passive microwave observations of inundation area and the area/stage relation in the Amazon River floodplain. International Journal of Remote Sensing 19: 3055-3074.

Sippel SJ, Hamilton SK. 1998. Four-township water atlas: A guide to the water resources in the townships of Barry and Prairieville (Barry County) and Richland and Ross (Kalamazoo County). Richland, Michigan, USA: Four-Township Water Resources Council, Inc.

Six J, Elliott ET, Paustian K. 1999. Aggregate and soil organic matter dynamics under conventional and no-tillage systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 1350-1358.

Six J, Paustian K, Elliott ET, Combrink C. 2000. Soil structure and soil matter: I. Distribution of aggregate size classes and aggregate associated carbon. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 681-689.

Six J, Paustian K, Elliott ET. 2000. Soil structure and soil organic matter: II. A normalized stability index and the effect of mineralogy. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 1042-1049.

Six J, Merckx R, Kimpe K, Elliott ET, Paustian K. 2000. A re-evaluation of the enriched labile soil organic matter fraction. European Journal of Soil Science 51: 283-293.

Six J, Elliott ET, Paustian K. 2000. Soil macroaggregate turnover and microaggregate formation: a mechanism for C sequestration under no-tillage agriculture. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32: 2099-2103.

Six J, Conant RT, Paul EA, Paustian K. 2002. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: Implications for C-saturation of soils. Plant and Soil 241: 155-176.

Six J, Callewaert P, Landers S, Gryze SD, Morris SJ, Gregorich RG, Paul EA, Paustian K. 2002. Measuring and understanding carbon storage in afforested soils by physical fractionation. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 1981-1987.

Smemo KA, Ostrom NE, Opdyke MR, Ostrom PH, Bohm S, Robertson GP. 2011. Improving process-based estimates of N(2)O emissions from soil using temporally extensive chamber techniques and stable isotopes. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 91: 145-154.

Smiley EA, Tessier AJ. 1998. Environmental gradients and the horizontal distribution of microcrustaceans in lakes. Freshwater Biology 39: 397-409.

Smith JK, Esch GW, Kuhn RE. 1972. Growth and development of larval Taenia crassiceps (Cestoda). I. Aneuploidy in the anomalous ORF strain. International Journal for Parasitology 2: 261-263.

Smith JK, Parrish M, Esch GW, Kuhn RE. 1972. Growth and development of larval Taenia crassiceps (Cestoda). II. RNA and DNA synthesis on the ORF and KBS strains determined by autoradiography. International Journal for Parasitology 2: 383-389.

Smith GR, Rettig JE, Mittelbach GC, Valiulis JL, Schaack SR. 1999. The effects of fish on assemblages of amphibians in ponds: a field experiment. Freshwater Biology 41: 829-837.

Smith KA, Robertson GP, Melillo JM. 1994. Exchange of trace gases between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere in the midlatitudes. Pages 179-203 in Prinn RG, ed. Global Atmospheric-biospheric Chemistry. New York, New York, USA: Plenum Press.

Smith LK, Jr. WML, Chanton JP, Cronin G, Hamilton SK. 2000. Methane emissions from the Orinoco River floodplain, Venezuela. Biogeochemistry 51: 113-140.

Smith RG, Gross KL, Januchowski S. 2005. Earthworms and weed seed distribution in annual crops. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 108: 363-367.

Smith RG, Gross KL. 2006. Weed community and corn yield variability in diverse management systems. Weed Science 54: 106-113.

—. 2006. Rapid change in the germinable fraction of the weed seed bank in crop rotations. Weed Science 54: 1094-1100.

Smith RG. 2006. Timing of tillage is an important filter on the assembly of weed communities. Weed Science 54: 705-712.

Smith RG, Gross KL. 2007. Assembly of weed communities along a crop diversity gradient. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 1046-1056.

Smith RG, Menalled FD, Robertson GP. 2007. Temporal yield variability under conventional and alternative management systems. Agronomy Journal 99: 1629-1634.

Smith RG, McSwiney CP, Grandy AS, Suwanwaree P, Snider RM, Robertson GP. 2008. Diversity and abundance of earthworms across an agricultural land-use intensity gradient.  . Soil & Tillage Research 100: 83-88.

Smith RG, Gross KL, Robertson GP. 2008 Effects of crop diversity on agroecosystem function: Crop yield response. Ecosystems 11: 355-366.

Smith RG, et al. 2014. Structural Equation Modeling Facilitates Transdisciplinary Research on Agriculture and Climate Change. Crop Science 54: 475-483.

Smith RL, Klug MJ. 1981. Reduction of sulfur compounds in the sediments of a eutrophic lake basin. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 41: 1230-1237.

—. 1981. Electron donors utilized by sulfate-reducing bacteria in eutrophic lake sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 42: 116-121.

—. 1987. Flowthrough reactor flasks for study of microbial metabolism in sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53: 371-374.

Smith SDP. 2012. Identifying and evaluating causes of alternative community states in wetland plant communities. Oikos 121: 675-686.

Smith SDP.  2014. The roles of nitrogen and phosphorus in regulating the dominance of floating and submerged aquatic plants in a field mesocosm experiment. Aquatic Botany 112: 1-9.

Smith TW, Walker ED, Kaufman MG. 1998. Bacterial density and survey of cultivable heterotrophs in the surface water of a freshwater marsh habitat of Anopheles quadrimaculatus larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 14: 72-77.

Smith WO, Jr., Penhale PA. 1980. The heterotrophic uptake of dissolved organic carbon by eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) and its epiphytes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 48: 233-242.

Smucker AJM. 1990. Quantification of root dynamics in agroecological systems. Remote Sensing Reviews 5: 237-248.

Smucker AJM, Aiken RM. 1992. Dynamic root responses to water deficits. Soil Science 154: 281-289.

Smucker AJM. 1993. Soil environmental modifications of root dynamics and measurement. Annual Review Phytopathology 31: 191-216.

Smucker AJM, Richner W, Snow VO. 1995. Bypass flow via root-induced macropores (RIMS) in subirrigated agriculture. Pages 255-258. Clean Water Clean Environment for the 21st Century, Conference Proceedings, vol. Vol III: Practices, Systems, and Adoption. Kansas City, MO.

Smucker AJM, Santos D, Kavdir Y. 1997. Concentric layering of carbon, nitrogen and clay within soil aggregates from tilled and non-tilled agroecosystems. Pages 129-140 in J C, ed. Third Eastern Canada Soil Structure Workshop Proceedings.

Smucker AJM. 2002. Root contributions to soil structure. Pages 1273-1275 in Lal R, ed. Encyclopedia of Soil Science. New York, New York, USA: Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Smucker AJM, Kavdir Y. 2002. Biophysical infrastructures that promote carbon sequestration within soil aggregates. Pages 129-133. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Land Use and Management. . Turkey: Soil Science Society of Turkey.

Smucker AJM. 2003. Root carbon contributions to soil aggregate formation and function. Pages 421-426 in Abe J, ed. Roots: The Dynamic Interface between Plants and the Earth. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Smucker AJM, C. J. Dell a, . DS. 2003. Tillage modifications of carbon sequestration within soil aggregates. Pages 1157-1159. The 16th International Conference of ISTRO.

Smucker AJM, Park EJ, Dorner J, Horn R. 2007. Soil micropore development and contributions to soluble carbon transport within macroaggregates. Vadose Zone Journal 6: 282-290.

Snapp SS, Pound B, eds. 2008. Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development.: Academic Press.

Snapp SS, Morrone VL. 2008. Soil quality assessment. in Logsdon S, ed. Soil Science: A Step-by-Step Analysis. Madison, WI.: American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America.

Snapp SS. 2008. Designing for the long-term: Sustainable agriculture. in Snapp SS, Pound B, eds. Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development: Academic Press.

—. 2008. Agroecology: Principles and practice in Snapp SS, Pound B, eds. Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development: Academic Press.

Snapp SS, Gentry LE, Harwood R. 2010. Management intensity - not biodiversity - the driver of ecosystem services in a long-term row crop experiment. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 138: 139-146.

Snider RJ, Husband RW. 1966. Collembola found in bumblebee nests. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 85: 473-475.

Snider RJ, Snider R, Smucker AJM. 1990. Collembolan populations and root dynamics in Michigan agroecosystems. Pages 168-191 in Box JE, Hammond LC, eds. Rhizosphere Dynamics vol. Symposium 113. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: American Society of Agronomy.

Sobczak WV. 1996. Epilithic bacterial responses to variations in algal biomass and labile dissolved organic carbon during biofilm colonization. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 15: 143-154.

Sobczak WV, Hedin LO, Klug MJ. 1998. Relationships between bacterial productivity and organic carbon at a soil-stream interface. Hydrobiologia 386: 45-53.

Sobel JM, Chen GF, Watt LR, Schemske DW. 2010. The Biology of Speciation. Evolution 64: 295-315

Sollins P, Robertson GP, Uehara G. 1988. Nutrient mobility in variable- and permanent-charge soils. Biogeochemistry 6: 181-199.

Sollins P, Glassman C, Paul EA, Swanston C, Lajtha K, Heil J, Elliott TE. 1999. Soil carbon and nitrogen pools and fractions. Pages 89-105 in Robertson GP, Bledsoe CS, Coleman DC, Sollins P, eds. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Schemske DW, Hancock J, Thompson J, Sang T, Husband B, Judd W. 2007. Autopolyploidy in angiosperms: have we grossly underestimated the number of species? Taxon 56: 13-30.

Sondergaard M, Wetzel RG. 1980. Photorespiration and internal recycling of CO2 in the submersed angiosperm Scirpus subterminalis. Canadian Journal of Botany 58: 591-598.

Soule JD, Werner PA. 1981. Patterns of resource allocation in plants, with special reference to Potentilla recta L. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 108: 311-319.

South S, Qi JG, Lusch DP. 2004. Optimal classification methods for mapping agricultural tillage practices. Remote Sensing of Environment 91: 90-97.

Speare EP. 1960. Growth of the central johnny darter, Etheostoma nigrum nigrum (Rafinesque) in Augusta Creek, Michigan. Copeia 1960: 241-243.

—. 1965. Fecundity and egg survival of the central johnny darter (Etheostoma nigrum nigrum) in southern Michigan. Copeia 1965: 308-314.

Stahl PD, Klug MJ. 1996. Characterization and differentiation of filamentous fungi based on fatty acid composition. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62: 4136-4146.

Stahl PD, Parkin TB. 1996. Relationship of soil ergosterol content and fungal biomass. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 28: 847-855.

Staley JT. 1971. Growth rates of algae determined in situ using an immersed microscope. Journal of Phycology 7: 13-17.

Steiner CF. 2002. Context-dependent effects of Daphnia pulex on pond ecosystem function: observational and experimental evidence. Oecologia 131: 549-558.

Steiner C. 2003. Keystone predator effects and grazer control of planktonic primary production. Oikos 101: 569-577.

Steiner CF, Roy A. 2003. Seasonal succession in fishless ponds: effects of enrichment and invertebrate predators on zooplankton community structure. Hydrobiologia 490: 125-134.

Steiner CF. 2003. Variable dominance in pond planktonic communities: assessing spatial and temporal variation in competition and predation intensity. Ecology 84: 982-990.

Steiner CF, Leibold MA. 2004. Cyclic assembly trajectories and scale-dependent productivity-diversity relationships. Ecology 85: 107-113.

Steiner CF. 2004. Daphnia dominance and zooplankton community structure in fishless ponds. Journal of Plankton Research 26: 799-810.

—. 2005. Temporal stability of pond zooplankton assemblages. Freshwater Biology 50: 105-112.

Steiner CF, Darcy-Hall TL, Dorn NJ, Garcia EA, Mittelbach GG, Wojdak JM. 2005. The influence of consumer diversity and indirect facilitation on trophic-level biomass and stability. Oikos 110: 556-566.

Steiner CF, Schwaderer AS, Huber V, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2009. Periodically forced food-chain dynamics: model predictions and experimental validation. Ecology 90: 3099-3107.

Steiner. CF. 2001. The effects of prey heterogeneity and consumer identity  on the limitation of trophic-level biomass. Ecology 82: 2495-2506.

Steiner CF, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2012. Transient dynamics and the destabilizing effects of prey heterogeneity. Ecology 93: 632-644.

Stephenson SN. 1967. Two additional grass species for southwestern Michigan. Michigan Botanist 6: 24-26.

Stergios BG. 1976. Achene production, dispersal, seed germination, and seedling establishment of Hieracium aurantiacum in an abandoned field community. Canadian Journal of Botany 54: 1189-1197.

Stevens L, Goodnight CJ, Kalisz S. 1995. Multilevel selection in natural populations of Impatiens capensis. American Naturalist 145: 513-526.

Stevenson BS, Eichorst SA, Wertz JT, Schmidt TM, Breznak JA. 2004. New strategies for cultivation and detection of previously uncultured microbes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70: 4748-4755.

Stewart AJ, Wetzel RG. 1980. Fluorescence: absorbance ratios -- a molecular-weight tracer of dissolved organic matter. Limnology and Oceanography 25: 559-564.

—. 1981. Asymmetrical relationships between absorbance, fluorescence, and dissolved organic carbon. Limnology and Oceanography 26: 590-597.

—. 1981. Dissolved humic materials: photodegradation, sediment effects, and reactivity with phosphate and calcium carbonate precipitation. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 92: 265-286.

—. 1982. Influence of dissolved humic materials on carbon assimilation and alkaline phosphatase activity in natural algal-bacterial assemblages. Freshwater Biology 12: 369-380.

Stewart A, J., Wetzel RG. 1982. Phytoplankton contribution to alkaline phosphatase activity. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 93: 265-271.

Stewart AJ, Wetzel RG. 1986. Cryptophytes and other microflagellates as couplers in planktonic community dynamics. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 106: 1-19.

Sticklen J, Tufankji R. 1992. Utilizing a functional approach for modeling biological systems. Mathematical and Computer Modeling 16: 145-160.

Stieglitz M, R. B. McKane, Klausmeier. CA. 2006. A simple model for analyzing climatic effects on terrestrial carbon and  nitrogen dynamics: an arctic case study. . Global Biogeochemical  Cycles 20: Art. No. GB3016.

Stomp M, Huisman J, Mittelbach GG, Litchman E, Klausmeier CA. 2011. Large-scale biodiversity patterns in freshwater phytoplankton. Ecology 92: 2096-2107.

Stornaiuolo S, Basso B, Ritchie JT. 1998. Influence of nitrogen fertilization on nitrate concentration in maize plants. Rivista Agronomia 32: 155-160.

Stoyan H, De-Polli H, Bohm S, Robertson GP, Paul EA. 2000. Spatial heterogeneity of soil respiration and related properties at the plant scale. Plant and Soil 222: 203-214.

Strand M, Herms DA, Ayres MP, Kubiske ME, Kaufman MG, Walker ED, Pregitzer KS, Merritt RW. 1999. Effects of atmospheric CO2, light availability and tree species on the quality of leaf detritus as a resource for treehold mosquitoes. Oikos 84: 277-283.

Strauss SY, Conner JK, Lehtila K. 2001. Effects of foliar herbivory by insects on the fitness of Raphanus raphanistrum: Damage can increase male fitness. American Naturalist 158: 496-504.

Strauss SY, Sahli H, Conner JK. 2005. Toward a more trait-centered approach to diffuse (co)evolution. New Phytologist 165: 81-89.

Strauss SY, Lau JA, Schoener TW, Tiffin P. 2008. Evolution in ecological field experiments: implications for effect size. . Ecology Letters 11: 199-207

Strayer RF, Tiedje JM. 1978. Application of the fluorescent-antibody technique to the study of a methanogenic bacterium in lake sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 35: 192-198.

—. 1978. In situ methane production in a small, hypereutrophic, hard-water lake: loss of methane from sediments by vertical diffusion and ebullition. Limnology and Oceanography 23: 1201-1206.

Strayer RR, Tiedje JM. 1978. Kinetic parameters of the conversion of methane precursors to methane in hypereutrophic lake sediment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 36: 330-340.

Stres B, Mahne I, Avgustin G, Tiedje JM. 2004. Nitrous oxide reductase (nosZ) gene fragments differ between native and cultivated Michigan soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70: 301-309.

Stuart D. 2010. Coastal Ecosystems and Agricultural Land Use: New Challenges on California's Central Coast. Coastal Management 38: 42-64.

Stuart D. 2010. Science, standards and power: New food safety governance in California. Journal of Rural Social Sciences 25: 111-140.

—. 2011. Sociologia Ruralis. 'Nature’ is Not Guilty: Foodborne Illness and the Industrial Bagged Salad. 51: 158-174.

Stuart D, Worosz MR. 2012. Risk, anti-reflexivity, and ethical neutralization in industrial food processing. Agriculture and Human Values 29: 287-301.

Stuart D, Woroosz MR. 2013. The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics 26: 231-256.

Stuart D, Gillon S. 2013. Scaling up to address new challenges to conservation on US farmland. Land Use Policy 31: 223-236.

Stuart D, Schewe RL, McDermott M. 2012. Responding to Climate Change: Barriers to Reflexive Modernization in US Agriculture. Organization & Environment 25: 308-327.

Stuart D, Schewe RL, Gunderson R. 2013. Extending Social Theory to Farm Animals: Addressing Alienation in the Dairy Sector. Sociologia Ruralis 53: 201-222.

Stuart D, Schewe RL, McDermott M. 2014. Reducing nitrogen fertilizer application as a climate change mitigation strategy: Understanding farmer decision-making and potential barriers to change in the US. Land Use Policy 36: 210-218.

Stuart D, Benveniste E, Harris LM. 2014. Evaluating the use of an environmental assurance program to address pollution from United States cropland. Land Use Policy 39: 34-43.

Suberkropp KF, Klug MJ. 1974. Decomposition of deciduous leaf litter in a woodland stream. I. A scanning electron microscopic study. Microbial Ecology 1: 96-103.

Suberkropp K, Klug MJ, Cummins KW. 1975. Community processing of leaf litter in woodland streams. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 19: 1653-1658.

Suberkropp K, Godshalk GL, Klug MJ. 1976. Changes in the chemical composition of leaves during processing in a woodland stream. Ecology 57: 720-727.

Suberkropp K, Klug MJ. 1976. Fungi and bacteria associated with leaves during processing in a woodland stream. Ecology 57: 707-719.

—. 1980. The maceration of deciduous leaf litter by aquatic hyphomycetes. Canadian Journal of Botany 58: 1025-1031.

—. 1981. Degradation of leaf litter by aquatic hyphomycetes. Pages 761-776 in Wicklow DT, Carroll GC, eds. The Fungal Community: its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. New York City, New York, USA: Marcel Dekker.

Suding KN, Gross KL, Houseman GR. 2004. Alternative states and positive feedbacks in restoration ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 46-53.

Suding KN, Collins SL, Gough L, Clark C, Cleland EE, Gross KL, Milchunas DG, Pennings. S. 2005. Functional- and abundance-based mechanisms explain diversity loss due to N fertilization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102: 4387-4392.

Suding KN, Gross KL. 2006. Modifying Native and Exotic species richness correlations: the influence of fire and seed addition. Ecological Applications 16: 1319-1326.

Suleiman AA, Ritchie JT. 2001. Estimating saturated hydraulic conductivity from soil porosity. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 44: 235-239.

Sutka RL, Ostrom NE, Ostrom PH, Breznak JA, Gandhi H, Pitt AJ, Li F. 2006. Distinguishing nitrous oxide production from nitrification and denitrification on the basis of isotopomer abundences. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 638-644.

Suwa T, Louda SM. 2012. Combined effects of plant competition and insect herbivory hinder invasiveness of an introduced thistle. Oecologia 169: 467-476.

Suwa T, Williamson B. 2014. Studying Plant-Rhizobium Mutualism in the Biology Classroom: Connecting the Big Ideas in Biology through Inquiry. American Biology Teacher 76: 589-594.

Suwanwaree P, Robertson GP. 2005. Methane oxidation in forest, successional, and no-till agricultural ecosystems: Effects of nitrogen and soil disturbance. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69: 1722-1729.

Swinton SM. 2005. As ecosystem services are demanded of agriculture, what of agricultural economists? Western Economics Forum 4: 21-23.

Swinton SM, Lupi F, Robertson GP, Landis DA. 2006. Ecosystem services from agriculture: Looking beyond the usual suspects. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 88: 1160-1166.

Swinton SM, Lupi F, Robertson GP, Hamilton SK. 2007. Ecosystem services and agriculture: Cultivating agricultural ecosystems for diverse benefits. Ecological Economics 64: 245-252.

Symstad AJ, Chapin FS, Wall DH, Gross KL, Huenneke LF, Mittelbach GG, Peters DPC, Tilman DG. 2003. Long-term and large-scale perspectives on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. BioScience 53: 89-98.

Syswerda SP, Corbin AT, Mokma DL, Kravchenko AN, Robertson GP. 2011. Agricultural Management and Soil Carbon Storage in Surface vs. Deep Layers. Soil Science Society of American Journal 75: 92-101.

Syswerda SP, Basso B, Hamilton SK, Tausig JB, Robertson GP. 2012. Long-term nitrate loss along an agricultural intensity gradient in the Upper Midwest USA. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 149: 10-19.

Syswerda SP, Robertson GP. 2014. Ecosystem services along a management gradient in Michigan (USA) cropping systems. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 189: 28-35.

Back to Top


Taylor WD, Wetzel RG. 1984. Population dynamics of Rhodomonas minuta v. nannoplanctica SKUJA (Cryptophyceae) in a hardwater lake. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 22: 536-541.

Taylor WD, Wee JL, Wetzel RG. 1986. A modification of the Utermohl sedimentation technique for improved identification and cell enumeration of diatoms and silica-scaled Chrysophyceae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 105: 68-72.

Taylor WD, Wetzel RG. 1988. Phytoplankton community dynamics in Lawrence Lake of southwestern Michigan. Archiv fur hydrobiologie. Supplement 81: 491-532.

Tesar D, Scriber JM. 2002. Growth season constraints in climatic cold pockets: Tolerance of subfreezing temperatures and compensatory growth by tiger swallowtail butterfly larvae. Holarctic Lepidoptera 7: 39-44.

terHorst, CP, Lau JA. 2012. Direct and indirect transgenerational effects alter plant-herbivore interactions. Evolutionary Ecology 26: 1469-1480.

terHorst, CP, Lennon JT, Lau JA. 2014. The relative importance of rapid evolution for plant-microbe interactions depends on ecological context. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 281.

terHorst C, Lau J. 2014. Genetic variation in invasive species response to direct and indirect species interactions. Biological Invasions.

Tessier AJ, Goulden CE. 1982. Estimating food limitation in cladoceran populations. Limnology and Oceanography 27: 707-717.

Tessier AJ, Consolatti NL. 1989. Variation in offspring size in Daphnia and consequences for individual fitness. Oikos 56: 269-276.

Tessier AJ, Horwitz RJ. 1990. Influence of water chemistry on size structure of zooplankton assemblages. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47: 1937-1943.

Tessier AJ, Consolatti NL. 1991. Resource quantity and offspring quality in Daphnia. Ecology 72: 468-478.

Tessier AJ, Welser J. 1991. Cladoceran assemblages, seasonal succession and the importance of a hypolimnetic refuge. Freshwater Biology 25: 85-93.

Tessier AJ, Young A, Liebold M. 1992. Population dynamics and body size selection in Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography 37: 1-13.

Tessier AJ, Lauff GH. 1992. The Gull Lake story. Michigan Riparian February: 12-14.

Tessier AJ, Leibold MA. 1997. Habitat use and ecological specialization within lake Daphnia populations. Oecologia 109: 561-570.

Tessier AJ, Leibold MA, Tsao J. 2000. A fundamental trade-off in resource exploitation. Ecology 81: 826-841.

Tessier A, Bizina E, Geedey C. 2001. Grazer-resource interactions in the plankton: Are all daphniids alike? Limnology and Oceanography 46: 1585-1595.

Tessier AJ, Woodruff. P. 2002. Trading off the ability to exploit rich versus poor food quality. Ecology Letters 5: 685-692.

—. 2002. Cryptic trophic cascade along a gradient of lake size. Ecology 83: 1263-1270.

Tessier AJ, Cáceres EC. 2004. Differentiation in sex investment by clones and populations of Daphnia. Ecology Letters 7: 695-703.

Thelen KD. 2000. Putting it all together: the big picture. Pages 95-100 in Probyn LK CM, Mutch DR, ed. Michigan Field Crop Pest Ecology and Management. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension

Thelen KD, Fronning BE, Kravchenko A, Min DH, Robertson GP. 2010. Integrating livestock manure with a corn-soybean bioenergy cropping system improves short-term carbon sequestration rates and net global warming potential. Biomass & Bioenegry 34: 960-966

Thiede DA, Augspurger CK. 1996. Intraspecific Variation in Seed Dispersion of Lepidium campestre (Barassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 83: 856-866.

Thiede D. 1998. Maternal inheritance and its effect on adaptive evolution:  a quantitative genetic analysis of maternal effects in a natural plant population. Evolution 52: 998-1015.

Thieme M, Lehner B, Abell R, Hamilton SK, Kellndorfer J, Powell G, Riveros JC. 2007. Freshwater conservation planning in data-poor areas: An example from a remote Amazonian basin (Madre de Dios River, Peru and Bolivia). Biological Conservation 135: 484-501

Thorn RG, Reddy CA, Harris D, Paul EA. 1996. Isolation of saprophytic basidiomycetes soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62: 4288-4292.

Thorn RG, Lynch MD. 2007. Fungi and Eukaryotic Algae. Pages 145-162 in Paul EA CF, ed. Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry. New York, New York, USA: Springer.

Threlkeld ST. 1976. Starvation and the size structure of zooplankton communities. Freshwater Biology 6: 489-496.

—. 1979. The midsummer dynamics of two Daphnia species in Wintergreen Lake, Michigan. Ecology 60: 165-179.

—. 1979. Estimating cladoceran birth rates: the importance of egg mortality and the egg age distribution. Limnology and Oceanography 24: 601-612.

—. 1980. Habitat selection and population growth of two cladocerans in seasonal environments. Pages 346-357 in Kerfoot WC, ed. Evolution and Ecology in Zooplankton Communities. Hanover, Massachusetts, USA: University of New England.

Thomas MK, Kremer CT, Klausmeier CA, Litchman E. 2012. A Global Pattern of Thermal Adaptation in Marine Phytoplankton. Science 338: 1085-1088.

Thum RA, Lennon JT. 2010. Comparative ecological niche models predict the invasive spread of variable-leaf milfoil (Myriophyllum heterophyllum) and its potential impact on closely related native species. . Biological Invasions 12: 133-143

Tiedje JM, Asuming-Brempong S, Nuesslein K, Marsh TL, Flynn SJ. 1999. Opening the black box of soil microbial diversity. Applied Soil Ecology 13: 109-122.

Todaro L, Zuccaro L, Marra M, Basso B, Scopa A. 2012. Steaming effects on selected wood properties of Turkey oak by spectral analysis. Wood Science and Technology 46: 89-100.

Tonsor SJ. 1989. Relatedness and intraspecific competition in Plantago lanceolata. American Naturalist 134: 897-906.

—. 1990. Spatial patterns of differentiation for gene flow in Plantago lanceolata. Evolution 44: 1373-1378.

Tonsor SJ, Kalisz S. 1991. Population-level techniques for measuring microevolutionary change in response to air pollution. Pages 289-311 in Taylor GEJ, Pitelka LF, Clegg MT, eds. Ecological Genetics and Air Pollution. New York, N. Y. USA: Springer-Verlag.

Tonsor SJ, Kalisz S, Fisher J, Holtsford TP. 1993. Life-history based study of population genetic structure: seed bank to adults in Plantago lanceolata. Evolution 47: 833-843.

Tonsor SJ, Goodnight CJ. 1997. Evolutionary predictability in natural populations:  do mating system and nonadditive genetic variance interact to affect heritabilities in Plantago lanceolata? Evolution 51: 1773-1784.

Treseder KK, Morris SJ, Allen MF. 2005. The contribution of root exudates, symbionts, and detritus to carbon sequestration in the soil. Pages 145-162 in Zobel RW, Wright SF, eds. Roots and Soil Management - Interactions between Roots and Soil. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy.

Treseder, KK, Balser TC, Bradford MA, Brodie EL, Dubinsky EA, Eviner VT, Hofmockel KS, Lennon JT, Levine UY, MacGregor BJ, Pett-Ridge J, Waldrop MP. 2012. Integrating microbial ecology into ecosystem models: challenges and priorities. Biogeochemistry 109: 7-18.

Turner AM, Mittelbach GG. 1990. Predator avoidance and community structure: interactions among piscivores, planktivores, and plankton. Ecology 71: 2241-2254.

—. 1992. Effects of grazer community composition and fish on algal dynamics. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49: 1908-1915.

Turner AM. 1996. Freshwater snails alter habitat use in response to predation. Animal Behaviour 51: 747-756.

—. 1997. Contrasting short-term and long-term effects of predation risk on consumer habitat use and resources. Behavioral Ecology 8: 120-125.

Turner A, McCarty J. 1998. Resource availability, breeding site selection, and reproductive success of red-winged blackbirds. Oecologia 113: 140-146.

Back to Top


Ulrich RG, Buthala DA, Klug MJ. 1981. Microbiota associated with the gastrointestinal tract of the common house cricket, Acheta domestica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 41: 246-254.

Urban MC, et al. 2008. The evolutionary ecology of metacommunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23: 311-317.

Utsumi SA, Cibils AF, Estell RE, Baker TT, Walker JW. 2010. One-Seed Juniper Sapling Use by Goats in Relation to Stocking Density and Mixed Grazing With Sheep. Rangeland Ecology & Management 63: 373-386.

Utsumi SA, Cibils AF, Estell RE, Soto-Navarro SA, Chen L, Hallford DM. 2013. Effects of adding protein, condensed tannins, and polyethylene glycol to diets of sheep and goats fed one-seed juniper and low quality roughage. Small Ruminant Research 112: 56-68.

Back to Top


Van Groenendael J, de Kroon H, Kalisz S, Tuljapurkar S. 1994. Loop analysis: evaluating life history pathways in population projection matrices. Ecology 75: 2410-2415.

Vanderpool CK. 2000. Crisis of confidence: social cultural understanding of food safety under stress. Pages 107-112. Proceedings of the Second NSF International Conference on food Safety: Preventing Foodborne Illness Through Science and Education. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA: NSF International.

Vasseur DA, et al. 2014. Synchronous dynamics of zooplankton competitors prevail in temperate lake ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 281.

Vinocur MG, Ritchie JT. 2000. Maize leaf development biases caused by air-apex temperature differences. Agronomy Journal 93: 767-772.

Vitosh ML, Johnson JW, Mengel DG, eds. 1995. Tri-state Fertilizer Recommendations for Corn, Soybean, Wheat, and Alfalfa Columbus, Ohio, USA: Ohio State University Extension.

Vitousek PM, et al. 2009. Nutrient Imbalances in Agricultural Development. Science 324: 1519-1520.

Back to Top


Wade MJ, Kalisz S. 1989. The additive partitioning of selection gradients. Evolution 43: 1567-1569.

—. 1990. The causes of natural selection. Evolution 44: 1947-1955.

Waide RB, Mittelbach G, Willig MR, Steiner CF, Gough L, Dodson SI, G.P.Juday, R.Parmenter. 1999. The relationship between productivity and species richness. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 257-300.

Wainwright PC, Osenberg CW, Mittelbach GG. 1991. Trophic polymorphism in the pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus Linnaeus:) effects of environment on ontogeny. Functional Ecology 5: 40-55.

Walker GS, Coveney  MF, Klug MJ, Wetzel RG. 1986. Isocratic HPLC analysis of adenine nucleotides in environmental samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods 5: 255-264.

Walker ED, Lawson DL, Merritt RW, Morgan WT, Klug MJ. 1991. Nutrient dynamics, bacterial populations, and mosquito productivity in tree hole ecosystems and microcosms. Ecology 72: 1529-1546.

Wallace JB, Merritt RW. 1980. Filter-feeding ecology of aquatic insects. Annual Review of Entomology 25: 103-132.

Walters LA, Getty T. 2010. Are brighter eggs better? Egg color and parental investment in the House Wren. Journal of Field Ornithology 81: 155-166.

Ward AK, Wetzel RG. 1975. Sodium: some effects on blue-green algal growth. Journal of Phycology 11: 357-363.

Ward DP, Hamilton SK, Jardine TD, Pettit NE, Tews EK, Olley JM, Bunn SE. 2013. Assessing the seasonal dynamics of inundation, turbidity, and aquatic vegetation in the Australian wetdry tropics using optical remote sensing. Ecohydrology 6: 312-323.

Ward DP, Petty A, Setterfield SA, Douglas MM, Ferdinands K, Hamilton SK, Phinn S. 2014. Floodplain inundation and vegetation dynamics in the Alligator Rivers region (Kakadu) of northern Australia assessed using optical and radar remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment 147: 43-55.

Ward GM, Cummins KW. 1978. Life history and growth pattern of Paratendipes albimanus in a Michigan headwater stream. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 71: 272-284.

—. 1979. Effects of food quality of a stream detritivore, Paratendipes albimanus (Meigen) (Diptera: Chironomidae). Ecology 60: 57-64.

Ward AK, Wetzel RG. 1980. Interactions of light and nitrogen source among planktonic blue-green algae. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 90: 1-25.

—. 1980. Photosynthetic responses of blue-green algal populations to variable light intensities. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 90: 129-138.

—. 1984. Molecular weight fractionation of dissolved organic nitrogen and carbon compounds from two lakes of differing trophic status. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 101: 481-488.

Wardle M, Konigl A. 1993. Structure of protostellar accretion disks and the origin of bipolar flows. Astrophysical Journal 410: 218-238.

Wardle GM. 1998. A graph theory approach to demographic loop analysis. Ecology 79: 2539-2549.

Warfe DM, et al. 2011. The “wet-dry” in the wet-dry tropics drives ecosystem structure and function of northern Australian rivers. Freshwater Biology 56: 2169-2195.

Warfe DM, Jardine TD, Pettit NE, Hamilton SK, Pusey BJ, Bunn SE, Davies PM, Douglas MM. 2013. Productivity, Disturbance and Ecosystem Size Have No Influence on Food Chain Length in Seasonally Connected Rivers. Plos One 8.

Weaver CI, Wetzel RG. 1980. Carbonic anhydrase levels and internal lacunar CO2 concentrations in aquatic macrophytes. Aquatic Botany 8: 173-186.

Webber P. 1991. Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Programe of the United States - a guide for Northern Sciences Network ecological research. Pages 69-73 in Sippola AL, Roots EF, eds. Report of the Meeting in Rovaniemi, Finland, 25-27 September 1990, UNESCO MAB Northern Sciences Network. Rovaniemi, Lapland: Artic Centre Publications.

Webster JR, et al. 2003. Factors affecting ammonium uptake in streams - an inter-biome perspective. Freshwater Biology 48: 1329-1352.

Wells JV, Robertson B, Rosenberg KV, Mehlman DW. 2010. Global versus Local Conservation Focus of U.S. State Agency Endangered Bird Species Lists. PLoS ONE 5.

Werling BP, et al. 2014. Perennial grasslands enhance biodiversity and multiple ecosystem services in bioenergy landscapes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: 1652-1657.

Werner EE, Hall DJ. 1974. Optimal foraging and the size selection of prey by the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). Ecology 55: 1042-1052.

Werner EE. 1974. The fish size, prey size, handling time relation in several sunfishes and some implications. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 31: 1531-1536.

Werner P. 1975. The effects of plant litter on germination in teasel, Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. American Midland Naturalist 94: 470-476.

Werner PA. 1975. Predictions of fate from rosette size in teasel (Dipsacus fullonum L.). Oecologia 20: 197-201.

—. 1975. A seed trap for determining patterns of seed deposition in terrestrial plants. Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 810-813.

—. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 55: 783-794.

Werner PA, Platt WJ. 1976. Ecological relationships of co-occurring goldenrods Solidago: Compositae. American Naturalist 110: 959-971.

Werner PA, Soule JD. 1976. The biology of Canadian weeds. 18. Potentilla recta L., P. norvegica L. and P. argentea L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 56: 591-603.

Werner EE, Hall DJ. 1976. Niche shifts in sunfishes: experimental evidence and significance. Science 191: 404-406.

Werner PA. 1976. Ecology of plant populations in successional environments. Systematic Botany 1: 246-268.

Werner EE. 1977. Species packing and niche complementarity in three sunfishes. American Naturalist 111: 553-578.

Werner PA, Caswell H. 1977. Population growth rates and age versus stage-distribution models for teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris) Huds. Ecology 58: 1103-1111.

Werner EE, Hall DJ, Laughlin DR, Wagner DJ, Wilsmann LA, Funk FC. 1977. Habitat partitioning in a freshwater fish community. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34: 360-370.

Werner PA. 1977. Colonization success of a "biennial" plant species: experimental field studies of species cohabitation and replacement. Ecology 58: 840-849.

Werner PA, Rioux R. 1977. The biology of Canadian weeds. 24. Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 57: 905-919.

Werner EE, Hall DJ. 1977. Competition and habitat shift in two sunfishes (Centrachidae). Ecology 58: 869-876.

Werner EE, Hall DJ, Werner MD. 1978. Littoral zone fish communities of two Florida lakes and a comparison with Michigan lakes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 3: 163-172.

Werner PA. 1978. Determination of age in Liatris aspera using cross-sections of corms: implications for past demographic studies. Letter to the Editor. American Naturalist 112: 1113-1120.

Werner EE. 1978. Niche partitioning by food size in fish communities. Pages 311-322 in Clepper H, ed. Predator-prey Systems in Fisheries Management. International Symposium on Predator-prey Systems in Fish Communities and their Role in Fisheries Management. Washington D.C. USA: Sport Fishing Institute.

Werner EE, Hall DJ. 1979. Foraging efficiency and habitat switching in competing sunfishes. Ecology 60: 256-264.

Werner PA. 1979. Competition and coexistence of similar species. Pages 287-310 in Solbrig O, ed. Topics in Plant Population Biology. New York City, New York, USA: Columbia University Press.

Werner PA, Bradbury IK, Gross RS. 1980. The biology of Canadian weeds. 45. Solidago canadensis L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 60: 1393-1409.

Werner EE, Mittelbach GG, Hall DJ. 1981. The role of foraging profitability and experience in habitat use by the bluegill sunfish. Ecology 62: 116-125.

Werner EE, Mittelbach GG. 1981. Optimal foraging: field tests of diet choice and habitat switching. American Zoologist 21: 813-829.

Werner PA, Harbeck AL. 1982. The pattern of tree seedling establishment relative to staghorn sumac cover in Michigan old fields. American Midland Naturalist 108: 124-132.

Werner EE, Mittelbach GG, Hall DJ, Gilliam JF. 1983. Experimental tests of optimal habitat use in fish: the role of relative habitat profitability. Ecology 64: 1525-1539.

Werner EE, Gilliam  JF, Hall DJ, Mittelbach GG. 1983. An experimental test of the effects of predation risk on habitat use in fish. Ecology 64: 1540-1548.

Werner EE. 1984. Mechanisms of species interactions and community organization in fish. Pages 360-382 in Strong DR, Jr., Daniel Simberloff, Lawrence G. Abele, Anne B. Thistle, ed. Ecological Communities: Conceptual Issues and the Evidence. Princeton, New Jersey, USA: Princeton University Press.

Werner EE, Gilliam JF. 1984. Ontogenetic niche and species interactions in size-structured populations. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 15: 393-425.

Werner EE. 1986. Species interactions in freshwater fish communities. Pages 344-357 in Diamond J, Case TJ, eds. Community Ecology. New York, New York, USA Harper and Row

—. 1986. Amphibian metamorphosis: growth rate, predation risk, and the optimal size at transformation. American Naturalist 128: 319-341.

Werner EE, Hall DJ. 1988. Ontogenetic habitat shifts in bluegill: the foraging rate-predation risk trade-off. Ecology 69: 1352-1366.

Werner EE, McPeek MA. 1994. Direct and indirect effects of predators on two anuran species along an environmental gradient. Ecology 75: 1368-1382.

Werner EE. 1994. Ontogenetic scaling of competitive relations: size-dependent effects and responses in two anuran larvae. Ecology 75: 197-213.

Werner PA, Murphy. PG. 2001. Size Specific biomass allocation and water content of above and below ground components of three eucalyptus species in a northern Australian savanna. Australian Journal of Botany 49: 155-167.

Werner PA. 2005. Impact of feral water buffalo and fire on growth and survival of mature savanna trees: An experimental field study in Kakadu National Park, northern Australia. Austral Ecology 30: 625-647.

Werner PA, Cowie ID, Cusack JS. 2006. Juvenile tree growth and demography in response to feral water buffalo in savannas of northern Australia: an experimental field study in Kakadu National Park. Australian Journal of Botany 54: 283-296

Wesley RL, Cibils AF, Black-Rubio CM, Pollak ER, Utsumi SA. 2014. Maternal influence on feeding site selection of male and female lambs. Animal.

Wetterer JK, Bishop CJ. 1985 Planktivore prey selection - the reactive field volume model vs the apparent size model. Ecology 66: 457-464.

Wetzel RG. 1967. Dissolved organic compounds and their utilization in two marl lakes. Hidrologiai Kozlony 7: 298-303.

—. 1968. Dissolved organic matter and phytoplanktonic productivity in marl lakes. Mitteilungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 14: 261-270.

Wetzel RG, McGregor DL. 1968. Axenic culture and nutritional studies of aquatic macrophytes. American Midland Naturalist 80: 52-64.

Wetzel RG. 1969. Factors influencing photosynthesis and excretion of dissolved organic matter by aquatic macrophytes in hard-water lakes. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Liminologie 17: 72-85.

—. 1969. Excretion of dissolved organic compounds by aquatic macrophytes. BioScience 19: 539-540.

—. 1969. Chapters on: Periphyton; the 14C light and dark bottle technique; The enclosure of macrophyte communities; Periphyton production rates from changes in biomass. Pages 33-40, 70-73, 81-90, 107 in Vollenweider RA, ed. A Manual on Methods for Measuring Primary Production in Environments: Including a Chapter on Bacteria. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

—. 1970. Recent and postglacial production rates of a marl lake. Limnology and Oceanography 15: 491-503.

—. 1972. The role of carbon in hardwater marl lakes. Pages 84-97 in Likens GE, ed. Nutrients and Eutrophication: The Limiting-Nutrient Controversy. Proceedings of the Symposium . Special Symposium 1. Lawrence, Kansas, USA: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

Wetzel RG, A. MB. 1972. Secretion of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen by aquatic macrophytes. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 18: 162-170.

Wetzel RG, Manny BA. 1972. Decomposition of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen compounds from leaves in an experimental hardwater system. Limnology and Oceanography 17: 927-931.

Wetzel RG, Rich PH, Miller MC, Allen HL. 1972. Metabolism of dissolved and particulate detrital carbon in a temperate hard-water lake. Memorie Dell'Istituto Italiano Di Idrobiologia Dott. Marco De Marchi 29 Suppl: 185-243.

Wetzel RG, Allen HL. 1972. Functions and interactions of dissolved organic matter and the littoral zone in lake metabolism and eutrophication. Pages 333-347 in Kajak Z, Hillbricht-Ilkowska A, eds. Productivity Problems of Freshwaters. Krakow, Poland: Polish Scientific Publishers.

Wetzel RG. 1973. Productivity investigations of interconnected marl lakes. I. The eight lakes of the Oliver and Walters chains, Northeastern Indiana. Hydrobiological Studies (Prague) 3: 91-143.

Wetzel RG, Hough RG. 1973. Productivity and role of aquatic macrophytes in lakes. An assessment. Polski Archiwum Hydrobiologii 20: 9-19.

Wetzel RG, Rich PH. 1973. Carbon in freshwater systems. Pages 241-263 in Woodwell GM, Pecan EV, eds. Carbon and the Biosphere. Proceedings of the 24th Brookhaven Symposium in Biology: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Wetzel RG, Otsuki A. 1974. Allochthonous organic carbon of a marl lake. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 73: 31-56.

Wetzel RG. 1975. Primary production. Pages 230-247 in Whitton BA, ed. River Ecology. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

—. 1975. Limnology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.

—. 1976. Effects of precipitation inputs on macrophytes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 2 Proceedings of the Symposium on Atmospheric contribution to the Chemistry of Lake Waters.: 218-221.

Wetzel RG, Manny BA. 1977. Seasonal changes in particulate and dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a hardwater stream. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 80: 20-39.

Wetzel RG, Richey JE. 1978. Analysis of five North American lake ecosystems. VIII. Control mechanisms and regulation. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 20: 605-608.

Wetzel RG, Manny BA. 1978. Postglacial rates of sedimentation, nutrient and fossil pigment deposition in a hardwater marl lake of Michigan. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 25: 453-469.

Wetzel RG. 1979. The role of the littoral zone and detritus in lake metabolism. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. Beiheft. Ergebnisse der Limnologie 13: 145-161.

Wetzel RG, Penhale PA. 1979. Transport of carbon and excretion of dissolved organic carbon by leaves and roots/rhizomes in seagrasses and their epiphytes. Aquatic Botany 6: 149-158.

Wetzel RG, Likens GE. 1979. Limnological Analyses. Philadelphia. PA  USA: W. B. Saunders Company.

Wetzel RG. 1981. Longterm dissolved and particulate alkaline phosphatase activity in a hardwater lake in relation to lake stability and phosphorus enrichments. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 21: 369-381.

Wetzel RG, Grace JB. 1983. Aquatic plant communities. Pages 223-280 in Lemon ER, ed. CO2 and Plants: The Response of Plants to Rising Levels of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview Press.

Wetzel RG. 1983. Attached algal-substrata interactions: fact of myth, and when and how. Pages 208-215 in Wetzel RG, ed. Periphyton of Freshwater Ecosystems: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Periphyton of Freshwater Ecosystems. The Hague, Netherlands: Junk.

Wetzel RG, Brammer ES, Forsberg C. 1984. Photosynthesis of submersed macrophytes in acidified lakes. 1. Carbon fluxes and recycling of CO2 in Juncus bulbosus L. Aquatic Botany 19: 329-342.

Wetzel RG. 1984. Detrital dissolved and particulate organic carbon functions in aquatic ecosystems. Bulletin of Marine Science 35: 503-509.

—. 1984. Acidification and the future. Vatten 40: 289-293.

—. 1985. Metabolism in interfacing zones between the watershed and lakes: effects on eutrophication. Pages 133-138. SHIGA Conference '84 on Conservation and Management of World Lake Environment. Proceedings

Wetzel RG, White WS. 1985. Alteration of iron-CaCO3 precipitation by yellow organic acids of aquatic angiosperm origin. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 104: 247-251.

Wetzel RG, Bramer ES, Lindstrom K, Forsberg C. 1985. Photosynthesis of submersed macrophytes in acidified lakes. II. Carbon limitation and utilization of benthic CO2 sources. Aquatic Botany 22: 107-120.

Wetzel RG. 1988. Water as an environment for plant life. Pages 1-30 in Symoens JJ, ed. Vegetation of Inland Waters. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

—. 1989. Wetland and littoral interfaces of lakes: productivity and nutrient regulation in the Lawrence Lake ecosystem. Pages 283-302 in Sharitz RR, Gibbons JW, eds. Freshwater Wetlands and Wildlife  Charleston, south Carolina, USA U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information

—. 1990. Land-water interfaces: metabolic and limnological regulators. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 24: 6-24.

—. 1990. Reservoir ecosystems: conclusions and speculations. Pages 227-238 in Thornton KW, Kimmel BL, Payne FE, eds. Reservoir Limnology. New York, New York, USA: Wiley.

Wharton KE, Dyer FC, Huang ZY, Getty T. 2007. The honeybee queen influences the regulation of colony drone production. Behavioral Ecology 18: 1092-1099

Wharton KE, Dyer FC, Getty T. 2008. Male elimination in the honeybee. Behavioral Ecology 19: 1075-1079.

White WS, Wetzel RG. 1973. A modified sedimentation trap. Limnology and Oceanography 18: 986-988.

—. 1975. Nitrogen, phosphorus, particulate and colloidal carbon content of sedimenting seston of a hard-water lake. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 19: 330-339.

—. 1985. Association of vitamin B12 with calcium carbonate in hardwater lakes. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 104: 305-309.

Whitlock MC, Phillips PC, Moore FB-G, Tonsor SJ. 1995. Multiple fitness peaks and epistasis. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 26: 601-629.

Whitmire SL, Hamilton SK. 2005. Rapid removal of nitrate and sulfate in freshwater wetland sediments. Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 2062-2071.

—. 2008. Rates of anaerobic microbial metabolism in wetlands of divergent hydrology on a glacial landscape. Wetlands 28: 703-714

Wilke BJ, Snapp SS. 2008. Winter cover crops for local ecosystems: linking plant traits and ecosystem function. . Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 88: 1-557.

Wilke BJ, Kunkle J. 2009. What does agriculture have to do with climate change? Teaching Issues and Experiments in Ecology 6.

Wilke BJ, Irwin RE. 2010. Variation in the phenology and abundance of flowering by native and exotic plants in subalpine meadows. Biological Invasions 12: 2363-2372.

Williams JL, Conner JK. 2001. Sources of phenotypic variation in floral traits in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 1577-1581.

Willson TC, Paul EA, Harwood RR. 2001. Biologically active soil organic matter fractions in sustainable cropping systems. Applied Soil Ecology 16: 63-76.

Wilson DS. 1973. Food size selection among copepods. Ecology 54: 909-914.

—. 1974. Prey capture and competition in the ant lion. Biotropica 6: 187-193.

—. 1975. A theory of group selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 72: 143-146.

—. 1975. Adequacy of body size as a niche difference. American Naturalist 109: 769-784.

—. 1976. Deducing the energy available in the environment: an application of optimal foraging theory. Biotropica 8: 96-103.

Wilson DS, Colwell RK. 1981. Evolution of sex-ratio in structured demes. Evolution 35: 882-897.

Wilson DS. 1982. Genetic polymorphism for carrier preference in a phoretic mite. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 75: 293-296.

Wilson DS, Hedrick A. 1982. Speciation and the economics of mate choice. Evolutionary Theory 6: 15-24.

Wilson DS. 1983. Group selection controversy: history and current status. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 14: 159-187.

—. 1983. Effect of population structure on the evolution of mutualism: a field test involving burying beetles and their phoretic mites. American Naturalist 121: 851-870.

Wilson DS, Fudge J. 1984. Burying beetles: intraspecific interactions and reproductive success in the field. Ecological Entomology 9: 195-203.

Wilson DS, Knollenberg WG, Fudge J. 1984. Species packing and temperature dependent competition among burying beetles (Silphidae, Nicrophorus). Ecological Entomology 9: 205-216.

Wilson DS, Knollenberg WG. 1984. Food discrimination and ovarian development in burying beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae: Nicrophorus). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 77: 165-170.

—. 1987. Adaptive indirect effects: the fitness of burying beetles with and without their phoretic mites. Evolutionary Ecology 1: 139-159.

Wilson DS. 1987. Altruism in Mendelian populations derived from sibling groups: the haystack model revisited. Evolution 41: 1059-1070.

Wilson DS, Turelli M. 1987. Stable underdominance and the evolutionary invasion of empty niches. American Naturalist 127: 835-850.

Wilson DS, Sober E. 1989. Reviving the superorganism. Journal of Theoretical Biology 136: 337-356.

Wilson AE. 2003. Effects of zebra mussels on phytoplankton and ciliates: a field mesocosm experiment. Journal of Plankton Research 25: 905-915.

Wilson WG, Lundberg P, Vazquez DP, Shurin JB, Smith MD, Langford W, Gross KL, Mittelbach GG. 2003. Biodiversity and species interactions: extending Lotka-Volterra community theory. Ecology Letters 6: 944-952.

Winkler RH, Corliss JO. 1965. Notes on the rarely described, green colonial protozoon Ophrydium versatile (O.F.M.) (Ciliophora, Peritrichida). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 84: 127-137.

Winn AA. 1985. Effects of seed size and microsite on seedling emergence of Prunella vulgaris in four habitats. Journal of Ecology 73: 831-840.

Winn AA, Werner PA. 1987. Regulation of seed yield within and among populations of Prunella vulgaris. Ecology 68: 1224-1233.

Winn AA. 1988. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of seed size in Prunella vulgaris. Ecology 69: 1537-1544.

—. 1991. Proximate and ultimate sources of within-individual variation in seed mass in Prunella vulgaris (Lamiaceae). American Journal of Botany 78: 838-844.

Winn AA, Gross KL. 1993. Latitudinal variation in seed weight and flower number in Prunella vulgaris. Oecologia 93: 55-62.

Wissmar RC, Wetzel RG. 1978. Analysis of five North American lake ecosystems. VI. Consumer community structure and production. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 20: 587-597.

Wojdak JM. 2005. Relative strength of top-down, bottom-up, and consumer species richness effects on pond ecosystems. Ecological Monographs 75: 489-504.

Wojdak JM, Luttbeg B. 2005. Relative strengths of trait-mediated and density-mediated indirect effects of a predator vary with resource levels in a freshwater food chain. Oikos 111: 592-598.

Wojdak JM, Mittelbach GG. 2007. Consequences of niche overlap for ecosystem functioning: An experimental test with pond grazers. Ecology 88: 2072-2083.

Wojdak JM. 2009. Foraging and refuge use by a pond snail: Effects of physiological state, predators, and resources. Acta Oecologia 35: 746-751.

Wolff JO, Cicirello DM. 1991. Comparative paternal and infanticidal behavior of sympatric white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus noveboracensis) and deermice (P. maniculatus nubiterrae). . Behavioral Ecology 2: 38-45.

Worley AC, Ghazvini H, Schemske DW. 2009. A Phylogeny of the Genus Polemonium Based on Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) Markers. Systematic Botany 34: 149-161.

Back to Top


Xue K, Wu L, Deng Y, He Z, Van Nostrand J, Robertson GP, Schmidt TM, Zhou J. 2013. Functional gene differences in soil microbial communities from conventional, low-input and organic farmlands. Applied Environmental Microbiology 79: 1284-1292.

Back to Top


Yang DS, Pijanowski BC, Gage SH. 1998. Analysis of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) population dynamics in Michigan using geographic information systems. Environmental Entomology 27: 842-852.

Yanni YG, et al. 2001. The beneficial plant growth-promoting association of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Trifolii with rice roots. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 28: 845-870.

Yoshiyama K, Klausmeier CA. 2008. Optimal cell size for resource uptake in fluids: A new facet of resource competition. . American Naturalist 171: 59-70.

Yoshiyama K, Mellard JP, Litchman E, Klausmeier CA. 2009. Phytoplankton Competition for Nutrients and Light in a Stratified Water Column. American Naturalist 174: 190-203.

Back to Top


Zenone T, Chen J, Deal M, Wilske B, Xu J, Bhardwaj AK, Hamilton SK, Robertson GP. 2011. CO2 fluxes of transitional bioenergy crops: effect of land conversion during the first year of cultivation. Global Change Biology-Bioenergy 3: 401-412

Zenone T, Gelfand I, Chen JQ, Hamilton SK, Robertson GP. 2013. From set-aside grassland to annual and perennial cellulosic biofuel crops: Effects of land use change on carbon balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 182: 1-12.

Zhou J, Bruns MA, Tiedje JM. 1996. DNA recovery from soils of diverse composition. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62: 316-322.

Zieman JC, Wetzel RG. 1980. Productivity in seagrasses: methods and rates. Pages 87-116 in Phillips RC, McRoy CP, eds. Handbook of Seagrass Biology: an Ecosystem Perspective. New York, New York, USA: Garland STPM Press.

Back to Top